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The Social Contract

The Social Contract

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Published by: Ovi Nafisa Zabeen Ovi on Sep 11, 2010
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THE SOCIAL CONTRACT ORPRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHT 
by Jean Jacques Rousseau
1762Translated byG.D.H. Cole, public domain
 
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FOREWARD
This little treatise is part of a longer work which I began years ago without realising mylimitations, and long since abandoned. Of the various fragments that might have been extractedfrom what I wrote, this is the most considerable, and, I think, the least unworthy of being offeredto the public. The rest no longer exists.
 
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Contents
BOOK- I................................................................................................................................................................................................11. SUBJECT OF THE FIRST BOOK...........................................................................................................................................12. THE FIRST SOCIETIES........................................................................................................................................................13. THE RIGHT OF THE STRONGEST......................................................................................................................................34. SLAVERY....................................................................................................................................................................................35. THAT WE MUST ALWAYS GO BACK TO A FIRST CONVENTION............................................................................56. THE SOCIAL COMPACT.........................................................................................................................................................67. THE SOVEREIGN.....................................................................................................................................................................78. THE CIVIL STATE...................................................................................................................................................................89. REAL PROPERTY.......................................................................................................................................................................9BOOK - II............................................................................................................................................................................................111. THAT SOVEREIGNTY IS INALIENABLE.........................................................................................................................112. THAT SOVEREIGNTY IS INDIVISIBLE..........................................................................................................................113. WHETHER THE GENERAL WILL IS FALLIBLE.............................................................................................................124. THE LIMITS OF THE SOVEREIGN POWER...................................................................................................................135. THE RIGHT OF LIFE AND DEATH....................................................................................................................................156. LAW...........................................................................................................................................................................................167. THE LEGISLATOR.................................................................................................................................................................188. THE PEOPLE...........................................................................................................................................................................209. THE PEOPLE (continued).......................................................................................................................................................2110. THE PEOPLE (continued)....................................................................................................................................................2211. THE VARIOUS SYSTEMS OF LEGISLATION.............................................................................................................2312. THE DIVISION OF THE LAWS......................................................................................................................................24BOOK - III........................................................................................................................................................................................271. GOVERNMENT IN GENERAL..............................................................................................................................................272. THE CONSTITUENT PRINCIPLE IN THE VARIOUS FORMS OF GOVERNMENT...............................................303. THE DIVISION OF GOVERNMENTS...............................................................................................................................314. DEMOCRACY...........................................................................................................................................................................325. ARISTOCRACY......................................................................................................................................................................336. MONARCHY............................................................................................................................................................................357. MIXED GOVERNMENTS.....................................................................................................................................................378. THAT ALL FORMS OF GOVERNMENT DO NOT SUIT ALL COUNTRIES..............................................................389. THE MARKS OF A GOOD GOVERNMENT........................................................................................................................4110. THE ABUSE OF GOVERNMENT AND ITS TENDENCY TO DEGENERATE............................................................4111. THE DEATH OF THE BODY POLITIC.............................................................................................................................4212. HOW THE SOVEREIGN AUTHORITY MAINTAINS ITSELF.................................................................................4313. THE SAME (continued).......................................................................................................................................................4414. THE SAME (continued).......................................................................................................................................................4515. DEPUTIES OR REPRESENTATIVES...............................................................................................................................4516. THAT THE INSTITUTION OF GOVERNMENT IS NOT A CONTRACT...............................................................4717. THE INSTITUTION OF GOVERNMENT.......................................................................................................................4818. HOW TO CHECK THE USURPATIONS OF GOVERNMENT......................................................................................48BOOK-IV.............................................................................................................................................................................................511. THAT THE GENERAL WILL IS INDESTRUCTIBLE......................................................................................................512. VOTING...................................................................................................................................................................................523. ELECTIONS............................................................................................................................................................................534. THE ROMAN COMITIA.......................................................................................................................................................555. THE TRIBUNATE..................................................................................................................................................................606. THE DICTATORSHIP............................................................................................................................................................617. THE CENSORSHIP................................................................................................................................................................638. CIVIL RELIGION..................................................................................................................................................................649. CONCLUSION........................................................................................................................................................................69NOTES..........................................................................................................................................................................................71Editor's Notes:...........................................................................................................................................................................76

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