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1st Conjugation Latin Verb Lesson

1st Conjugation Latin Verb Lesson

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11/07/2012

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Seminar 31st Conjugation Verbs
Like nouns, Latin verbs have endings! In Challenge A, we use the ³present indicative´ verbtense only. Generally speaking, the verb endings do not change for this tense. Verb endingsindicate a personal pronoun that actually becomes
 part 
of the verb. See the chart below:Singular Ending Meaning Plural Ending Meaning1
st
Person o I mus we2
nd
Person s you tis you (all)3
rd
Person t he, she, it nt they
Th
ree t
h
ings to know about Latin Verbs:
y
 
T
ense
± We¶ll use the present active indicative tense only.
y
 
N
umber --
Tells us how many. Do we have a singular or plural verb in the sentence?
y
 
P
erson ± 
Tells us the relationship between the subject of the sentence and the speaker.Since Latin verb endings add personal pronouns to the verb, we¶ll need to know if aFirst, Second or Third Person pronoun used (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)
P
rincipal
P
arts:
In Latin, verbs have four principal parts. Principal parts help give us the information we need touse verbs in all their forms. LNST3 gives us only the first principal part, but beginning in level4, all four principal parts are presented. Principal parts can vary from verb to verb, so itsimportant to memorize all four principal parts as you learn and memorize verbsIn order to conjugate (add endings) to a present tense verb, we MUST know the 2
nd
principal part. Next year, you¶ll need to know other principal parts in order to use other tenses of verbs.First conjugation verbs almost always in end ±are.
1
st
2
nd
3
rd
4t
h
 
P
resent tense Infinitive (to form)
P
erfect tense supine
Am Amre Amv amtumSpect Spectre Spectv specttum

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