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Bow and Skew

Bow and Skew

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Published by akpradhan

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: akpradhan on Sep 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/06/2013

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Bow and skewArun Kumar Pradhan
Bow and skew, is created when the pattern is distorted across the width of the fabric.
Bow:
When the filling yarns lye in an arc across the width of the fabric. The pattern in the middle of thefabric is ahead or behind the sides. Bow is defined as the greatest distance, measured parallel to theselvages, between a filling or course yarn, stripe, or dominant line and a straight line perpendicular tothe selvedges.
Skew:
Distortion in the construction of the fabric i.e. in the yarn that constitute the fabric. The patternon one side of the fabric is ahead the pattern on the opposite side. Skew (bias) is defined as the distancemeasure parallel to and along a selvage between the point at which a filling or course yarn, stripe, ordominant line meets the other selvedge.
Fig-1: Bow and Skew
 
 
1.
 
Fig-2: Method of measurement for maximum distortions due to bowMethod of Measurement for Skew (Bias):
1.
 
Lay the fabric, without tension, on a horizontal surface at least three yards long.2.
 
Place a straight edge across the fabric perpendicular to the selvages at a point where a fillingor course yarn, stripe, or dominant line begins at the selvage.3.
 
Measure the distance parallel to and along a selvage between the point at which the yarn,stripe, or dominant line meets this selvage and the perpendicular line to the selvage form thepoint at which the same yarn, stripe, or dominant line meets the opposite selvage (See Fig- 3)4.
 
Repeat this procedure at least three places along the length of the fabric and report theaverage maximum bias.
 
 
Fig-3. – Method of measurement for maximum distortion due to skewStandard:
All
WOVEN
fabrics shall not exceed more than 0.5" of bow or 1.0" of skew.All
KNIT
fabrics shall not exceed more than .75" of bow or 1.0" of skew.

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