Designating the motions:First of all, Z-motion shall be designated. This shall be followed by X and Y motionsrespectively.
Positive directions of motion Finding positive directions for rotary motions
Z axis and motion
ocation: Z-axis motion is either along the spindle axis or parallel tp the spindle axis.Incase of machine groups III and IV it is recognised as the one perpendicular to thework holding surface which may or may not be passing through the controlled point.b)
Direction: The principle for the machines of groups I and II where drilling typemotion can be performed is that for moving a drill into the work piece the cuttingtool should move in (-) z direction. For other machines the positive (+) z motionincreases the clearance between the work surface and the pen holder. Thedesignation of Z-axis is demonstrated in the figure below.c)
Where there are several spindles and slide ways: In such cases, one of the spindles,preferably perpendicular to the work holding surface may be chosen as the principlespindle. The primary Z motion is the near to the primary spindle. the tool motion of thee other spindle quills or other slides, which are termed as secondary and tertiarymotion, may be designated as U, V,W and P,Q,R respectively.
Vertical knee milling machine (Group I (a-i))
Gantry profiler (Group I (a-ii))