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Church Committee: Reports-- Book II

Church Committee: Reports-- Book II

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Published by smfullerton
Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans

Book II moves from foreign and military intelligence to domestic intelligence. The report is concerned primarily with the FBI's COINTELPRO counter-intelligence campaign, but also discusses the CIA's Operation CHAOS, whereby the CIA engaged in domestic intelligence work in violation of the CIA charter. Other agencies including the NSA and Army Intelligence are also discussed. Illegal electronic surveillance, mail opening, infiltration of dissident groups, "black bag" break-in jobs, media manipulation, IRS targeting, and the intense campaign waged against Martin Luther King, Jr. are all subjects of this report. The overriding theme is the violation of the rights of Americans as identified in the U.S. Constitution.
Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans

Book II moves from foreign and military intelligence to domestic intelligence. The report is concerned primarily with the FBI's COINTELPRO counter-intelligence campaign, but also discusses the CIA's Operation CHAOS, whereby the CIA engaged in domestic intelligence work in violation of the CIA charter. Other agencies including the NSA and Army Intelligence are also discussed. Illegal electronic surveillance, mail opening, infiltration of dissident groups, "black bag" break-in jobs, media manipulation, IRS targeting, and the intense campaign waged against Martin Luther King, Jr. are all subjects of this report. The overriding theme is the violation of the rights of Americans as identified in the U.S. Constitution.

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Published by: smfullerton on Sep 12, 2010
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02/02/2013

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94TH CONQBEES>
SENATE
REPORT2d Session
h-0. 94-755
INTELLlGENCE CTIVITIESAND THERIGHTSOFAMERICANS
BOOK II
FINAL REPORT
OF THE
SELECT COMMITTEETO STUDY GOVERNMENTAL OPERATIONS
WITH RESPECT TO
INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES
UNITED STATES SENATE
TOGETHER WITH
ADDITIONAL, SUPPLEMENTAL, AND SEPARATEVIEWS
APRIL
26 (legislative day,
APRIL 14), 1976
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE68-786 0WASHINGTON :
1976For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing OfficeWashington, DC. 20402 - Price $3.60
 
SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE TO STUDY GOVERNMENTAL OPERATIONSWITH RESPECT TO INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES
FRANK CHURCH, Idaho,
Ohdrman
JOHN 0. TOWER, Texas, Vfce
Chairman
PHILIP A. HART, MichiganHOWARD H. BAKER, JR.. TennesseeWALTER F. MONDALE, MinnesotaBARRY GOLDWATER, ArizonaWAUTER D. HUDDLESTON. KentudtyCHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JB.. MarylandROBERT MORQAN, North CarolinaRICHARD 8. SCHWEIKER, PennsylvaniaGARY HART, ColoradoWILLIAM G. MILLER, Btofl DErectorFB~DEBICK A. 0. SCHWAB& Jr.,
Chtef Counsel
COBTIS
R. SMOTHERS, CouneeZ
to the Yinoritl
AUDBPY HATBY, CZerk of
the
Committeeml
 
LETTER OF TR~~SSJIITTALOn behalf of the Senate Select (‘ommitter to Stutly GovernmentalOperations with Respect to IntelligenceA1c+i\.itirs, ant1 piirsiiitnt tothe mantlate Of Senate Resolution 21, I
am
transmitting herewith tothe Senate the volume of the Committee’s Final Report. which presentsthe results of the Committee’s investigation into Fctleral tlomcsticintelligence activities.The Committee’s fintlings anal conclusions concerning :I~IISCS in intel-ligence activity and \ycaknesses in the system of accom~tabilit~ andcontrol are amply docnmcntrtl. I brlicw they
lnakt~ a
compelling casefor substantial reform. The l~rconlmclldatio~~s section of this vo1111mrsets forth in detail the Committee’s l~rOposals for reforms nectssayto protect the right of Americans. The facts revealed by the (‘ornmlt-tee’s inquiry into the dcrelopmcnt of tlomestic intelligence activity areoutlined in the balance of the volume.I
n-Onlcl
add
one
principal comment on the results of the Commit-&e’s inquiry: The root cause Of the excesses \vhich onr record amplytleiiioiistrates has been failure to apply the wisdom of the constitn-tional system of checks ant1 balances to intelligence activities. 0111c~sperienw as a nation has tniyht.
11s
that we must, place our trust. inl:~ws, ant1 not solely in nien. The founding f:dliers foresaw exc(?ss asthe inevitable cOnsequence Of granting
any
part Of ~government uli-chcckcd
p~wr.
This has been tlcnlonstr:~trtl in the mtelligcncc fieldwhere. too often, constitutioii:~l principles were. subortlinwted to :Lprag-matic course of periiiitting tlesirctl cwtls to dictate and justify in1proper
111ca11s.
Onr ~rcomnirntlntioiis arc tlesipnctl to l)lace intelligence activitiesxithiii the coiistitiitional scliemc for controlling
r p\-cImllcllt po\wl’.
The members of this (‘oinniittw
liavc
WI,\-et1 wtli utmost tliliprnceant1 tlctlication. We Ilaw hat1 1% Full (‘onlniittcr nwcting.3. scores ofother sessions at which Senators pwsitle(l at tlcl)ositions for the tak-ing of testimony, ant1 over 40 s~~b~ornniitter meetings tlevotetl totlrafting the t1v-o
vol~~rlirs
of 0111’ inal report. I thank each ant1 every0110 of
lll;v c0llc:lglles
for their hart1
work illl(1
for their tlctermina-tion that the job be clonr fully ant1 fairly.
,Jolln
Tower’s se].\-ice as I’ice (‘ll:~iAlil~l n-as essential to 0111’ flcc-ti~wicss from start to finish. This inquiry c~oultl ha\-c been tlistixctetlby partisan aiyuinei~t~ over allocating the
blairic~
for iiitellipncc cs-CCSSCS. nsteatl. we hare unanimously conclutlrtl tllitt intelligcww prob-lems
ill’c f:ll* IllOl’C flllldilIll~~llt~l.
Then are
not tllc 1)1’0clll(*t
of :lll;vsingle aclniinistr:ltion. part\-. or man..\t the outset, of this part’iwlnr vo1~11nc special iii~wtioii is ills0 tlllcto Senator Walter F. J[ontlalc for his chairinnnship of the subcwm-rnittcc chaiyd with tlrafting the final report On tloiiiestic intclligenccactivity. T)iii*ing 0111’hearings. Senator SIontlale hclpctl to bring intofocus the threats posctl to the rights of A~inc~ricaii citizens.
Tic illltl
his
(III)

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