Pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidney. It can be serious because of the important function of the kidneys and because the infection may enter the bloodstream.In women who are pregnant it may cause premature labor.
Kidney infections are much more common in women than men.
Most kidney infections result from lower urinary tract infections, usually bladder infections.Bacteria can travel from the vagina or anus into the urethra and bladder. Because of the location andsize of their urethra, women are more prone to have bladder infections than men. In both men andwomen, lower urinary tract infections may spread to the kidneys, causing pyelonephritis.
Congenital abnormalities of the genito-urinary system and also kidney stones can predispose people toget pyelonephritis.
. For females:After bowel movements, always wipe from the vaginal area toward the rectum (front to back).Urinate within 15 minutes after sexual intercourse.Don't hold urine; when you have the urge to void, do so.Increase fluid intake.Avoid bubble baths.
Signs & Symptoms
Fever.Burning, frequent urination.Cloudy urine or blood in the urine.Abdominal pain; nausea and vomiting.Back painMarked fatigue.Loss of appetite
Chronic urinary-bladder infection or tumor.Diabetes mellitus.Paralysis from spinal-cord injury or tumor.Pregnancy.Immunocompromised state, e.g. HIV, patients on immunosuppressive medications.
Diagnosis & Treatment
For diagnosis, urinalysis and urine culture; and blood tests are done (in complicated cases);ultrasounds and intravenous pyelogram (IVP) (method of studying the kidneys and urinary tract byinjecting a medication into the bloodstream that X-rays can detect).