74 TH AMENDMENT ACTNOVEMBER 2009 Page 3
74 TH CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ACT:
amendment :it is the statement that is added to revise or improves a proposal or document .
WHY THERE IS A NEED FOR AMENDMENT?
The fact the constitution of india, though the longest written constitution in the world had notelucidated the role of local self-governing bodies.
1 URBAN LOCAL GOVERNANCE- CONCERN
Urbanization is progressing at a rapid pace due to various socio-economic factors.
At present urban population is above 30% of total population in india.
Deterioration of infrastructure and basic services in urban areas is taken place due tomigration from adjoining region.
Per capita productivity is 7:2 in terms of urban to rural population.
1.1 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Ulbs hold the key to achieve national objective of social and economic development.
The Ulbs have the responsibility to create environment for productivity.
The govt's aim should be such that small and medium towns are developed to offloadburden on bigger cities as also to create intervening opportunity.
India decentralized power to strengthen local govt. through 74™ constitutionalamendment act' 1992.
2 HISTORUCAL BACKGROUND
The process to amend the constitution was initiated by the then prime minister rajivgandhi during 1989.Finally passed during December' 1992 and effective with effect fromApril '1993. Since the urban development is the state subject, all the state was to enforcethe provision of above amendment through amendment of respective bye-laws of stateswithin a year.
constitutional amendment act' 1992 is aimed to strengthen ulbs throughdevolution of power towards decentralization.