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Acoustic Field Generator

Acoustic Field Generator

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Published by: anon-849269 on Sep 13, 2010
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03/24/2013

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IFYOU'VESEENARECENTLYPRODUCED
motionpicturepresentedinamodemtheater,thenyouareundoubtedlyawareofthestunningrealismanddramaticimpactcreatedbytheuseoftheDolby-stereosurround-soundaudioprocess.ThesystemwasdevelopedbyDolbyLaboratoriesforthemotion-pictureindustrytoliterallysurroundviewerswithsoundandplacethemintheverymidstoftheaction.Foranyoneunfamiliarwiththeconcept,theDolby-stereosurroundsoundprocessworkstoincreasethesensationof
"being
there"byreproducingdistinctsoundstowardthefront,sides,andrearoftheviewer.Inpractice,itisaccomplishedbyfeedingtheprimarystereosoundtracktospeakerslocatedbehindthescreenonthe
left,
thecenter,andtherightsideofthetheater.Simultaneously,anadditionalaudiochannel,decodedfromwithintheprimarychannels,issenttoasystemofsmallerspeakerslocatedtothesidesandtotherearoftheaudience.Thatadditionalsurroundchannelisusedtore-createambientsoundslikewindnoiseor
"on
location"streetsoundsaswellas
special
soundeffectsintendedtotravelpasttheaudiencefromfronttorear,oreventoseemtocircleoverhead.Sincethemid1970's,over1100motionpictureshavebeenproducedwithsurround-soundtracks.Becausetheprocessencodesthesurroundinformationintoa2-channelstereosignal,whenthemoviesaretransferredtovideotapesandlaserdiscs,theencodedinformationremainsintact.However,inordertoenjoysurroundsoundathome,attheveryminimum,astereoVCR;sometypeofdecoder,andadditionalsurroundspeakersarerequired.Thebasicprincipleofallsurroundsounddecoders,fromthesimplesttothemostexpensive,isthesame.Theyallreproducethesurroundinformationbyrecoveringthe(L-R)differencesignalwhichisencodedintotheleftandrightchannelsofthemoviesoundtrack.Thedecoderpresentedheregoesbeyondthecapabilitiesofasimplesurround-sounddecoder.Besidesthesurrounddecodercircuit,additionalcircuitryis
ACOUSTIC
FIELDGENERATOR
Our
AFG
willturnanylivingroominto
a
full-sizedmovietheater
or
concerthall.
TOOT.TEMPLIN
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113
 
FIG.
1-THE
AFGISMADEUPOF10relativelysimplecircuitelements.
~
oo
CD
o
z
«
:c
~
usedtocreatewide-left,center-di
w
alogue,wide-right,andsubwoofer
ffi
signals.Presenting
those
signals
::z:
throughsixproperlyarrangedspeak
ffi
ersresultsintheacousticalillusionof
~
alarge,almostboundless,three-di
~
mensional
listeningenvironment,
d:
eveninasmallroom;hencethename,
114
"Acoustic
FieldGenerator,"
butwe'llcallittheAFGforshort.Thisarticleisnotintendedtoprovideanindepthtutorialortechnicaldescription
of
the
surround-sound
system.
Rather,itisintendedtoshowyouhowtoconstructandinstallahigh-quality,multichannelsounddecoderforuseinyourhome.The
AFGoffers
two
different
modesofoperation;
"matrix"
and"concert."Inthematrixmode,the(L-R)differencesignalisrecoveredfromsurround-encodedsourcematerialandisthenpassedthrougha2048stagebucket-brigadedelayline.Thedelayiscontinuouslyadjustablefromabout5to35milliseconds,andhasabandpassof50Hzto15kHz.Thatenablestheaccuratedecodingandpresentationofthesurround-channelinformationpresentwithinthesourcematerial.The(L
+
R)sumsignalisalsorecoveredtobesentthroughthedelaysectionoftheAFGwhentheconcertmodeisselected.Thatimpartstheambienceandrealismofaliveconcert-hallperformancetomusical
material
played
through
theAFG.Ineithermode,theoutputofthedecoder/delaysectionissenttoa
pair
oflO-watt-per-channelpower
 
Aboutthecircuit
Whenviewedasawhole,theAFGcircuitryisquitecomplex.However,amplifiers,includedonthemaincircuitboard,fordrivingapairofsurround-channelspeakers.TheAFGalsoprovidesameansofgreatlyincreasingtheapparentseparationor
"width"
ofthestereoimagepresentedbythefrontspeakers.Inanordinarydecoder,theleft-andrightchannelsignalsaresenttothefrontspeakersunaltered,andthecenterchannel,ifpresentatall,isfedasimplesumoftheleftandrightsignals.Althoughthattechniqueprovidesaverysolidfrontsoundstage,itseverelylimitsthesystem'sabilitytoconvincinglypresentextreme-left
or
rightsoundeffects.And,becausethescreeninmosthome-videosystemsisrelatively
small,
especially
whencomparedtothescreeninamovietheater,dialoguewhichshouldbeconfinedtothescreen,tendstoappearoffscreenintheleftandrightspeak
ers-particularly
forviewersseatedoffcenter.TheAFGusesfrequency-selectivecircuitrytocancelsomeofthedialoguefromtheleftandrightchannels,
but
thatcreatesa
phantom"hole"
inthecenterofthesoundstage.So,theAFGalsocreatesacenterdialoguechanneltofillthatholebysummingtheleftandrightchannelsandpassingthemthroughabandpassfilterwitharesponsecurvewhichfavorstherangeoffrequenciescoveredbythehumanvoice.Feedingthevoice-only"dialogue"signaldirectlytothespeakersinthevideomonitorlocatesthedialoguefirmlyonthescreenwithoutdestroyingthespatialeffectsofthefrontsoundstage.Finally,theAFGincludesa75-Hzactivelow-passfilterfordrivingasubwoofersetup.
If
youarenotcurrentlyusingasubwooferaspartofyoursystem,youaremissingoutonthedynamicimpactandheightenedlevelofexcitementwhichisimpartedbytheextremelow-frequencysoundsusedinmotionpictures,primarilyasaspecialaudioeffect.Thesubwooferout
put
of
theAFG
has
thatsonic
informationisolatedandreadytofeedtoapoweramplifierandspeakerofyourchoice.
You
maywishtoconsultwithalocalaudiodealerforadviceon
selecting
a
proper
subwoofer
and
poweramplifier.Sufficeittosay,thatarelativelyhigh-poweramplifierandlargesubwooferwillberequiredifyouintendtofillyourroomwith
earth-shaking
bassthat
goes
farbeyondthecapabilitiesofmost"full-range"speakers.
It
ispreferabletoplacethesubwoofertowardthefrontofthesoundstage,althoughtheexactpositionisnotcritical,duetotheear'sinabilitytoaccuratelylocateverylowfrequencysound.Thus,manysubwoofersaredesignedtophysicallyresembleanendtableorotherpieceoffurniture,sothattheycanaestheticallyblendintotheotherroomdecor.TheAFGwasdesignedtobeconnectedintothepre-amp/power-amploopofyourregularhomeentertain-mentsystem.Consequently,allthe
:D
functionsoftheAFGmaybeswitch-
rh
edtobypassandunitygaintoeffec-
~
tivelyremoveitfromthesystem,if
;g
required.Webelieve,however,that
:D
onceyouexperiencetheaddedsonic
~
dimensionthattheAFGaddstomu-
~
sicaswellasmovies,you'llnever
'jJ
wanttoswitchitoff.
en
:I:
»
z
o
OJ
oo
"
117

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i finished this system but surround part by using mn3005 not work.
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