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114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems

Author: Sagar Sonker

Page 1 of 12Copyright © 2006www.sonker.com

Table of Contents

ℵ

Numbers

ℵ

H.C.F & L.C.M of Numbers

ℵ

Surds & Indices

ℵ

Percentage

ℵ

Profit & Loss

ℵ

Ratio & Proportion

ℵ

Partnership

ℵ

Chain Rule

ℵ

Time & Work

ℵ

Pipes & Cisterns

ℵ

Time And Distance

ℵ

Trains

ℵ

Boats & Streams

ℵ

Alligation or Mixture

ℵ

Simple Interest

ℵ

Compound Interest

ℵ

Logarithms

ℵ

Area

ℵ

Volume & Surface Area

ℵ

Stocks & Shares

ℵ

True Discount

ℵ

Banker’s Discount

ℵ

Copyright Notice

114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems

Author: Sagar Sonker

Page 2 of 12Copyright © 2006www.sonker.com

Numbers

1. A number is divisible by 2, if its unit’s place digit is 0, 2, 4, or 82. A number is divisible by 3, if the sum of its digits is divisible by 33. A number is divisible by 4, if the number formed by its last two digits is divisible by 44. A number is divisible by 8, if the number formed by its last three digits is divisible by 85. A number is divisible by 9, if the sum of its digits is divisible by 96. A number is divisible by 11, if, starting from the RHS,(Sum of its digits at the odd place) – (Sum of its digits at even place) is equal to 0 or 11x7. (a + b)

2

= a

2

+ 2ab + b

2

8. (a - b)

2

= a

2

- 2ab + b

2

9. (a + b)

2

- (a - b)

2

= 4ab10. (a + b)

2

+ (a - b)

2

= 2(a

2

+ b

2

)11. (a

2

– b

2

) = (a + b)(a - b)12. (a

3

+ b

3

) = (a + b)(a

2

- ab + b

2

)13. (a

3

– b

3

) = (a - b)(a

2

+ ab + b

2

)14. Results on Division:Dividend = Quotient × Divisor + Remainder 15. An Arithmetic Progression (A. P.) with first term ‘a’ and Common Difference ‘d’ is givenby:[a], [(a + d)], [(a + 2d)], … … …, [a + (n - 1)d]n

th

term, Tn = a + (n - 1)dSum of first ‘n’ terms, Sn= n/2 (First Term + Last Term)16. A Geometric Progression (G. P.) with first term ‘a’ and Common Ratio ‘r’ is given by:a, ar, ar

2

, ar

3

, … … …, ar

n-1

n

th

term, Tn = ar

n-1

Sum of first ‘n’ terms Sn = [a(1 - r

n

)] / [1 - r]17. (1 + 2 + 3 + … … … + n) = [n(n + 1)] / 218. (1

2

+ 2

2

+ 3

2

+ … … … + n

2

) = [n(n + 1)(2n + 1)] / 619. (1

3

+ 2

3

+ 3

3

+ … … … + n

3

) = [n

2

(n + 1)

2

] / 4

114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems

Author: Sagar Sonker

Page 3 of 12Copyright © 2006www.sonker.com

H.C.F & L.C.M of Numbers

20. Product of two numbers = Their H. C. F. × Their L. C. M.

Surds & Indices

21. a

m

× a

n

= a

(m + n)

22. a

m

/ a

n

= a

(m - n)

23. (ab)

m

= a

m

b

m

24. (a / b)

m

= a

n

/ b

n

25. a

0

= 126. = a

1/n

27. = (a

1/n

)

n

= a28. =29. = /30. ()

m

=31. =

Percentage

32. To express x% as a fraction, we have x% = x / 10033. To express a / b as a percent, we have a / b = (a / b × 100) %34. If ‘A’ is R% more than ‘B’, then ‘B’ is

less

than ‘A’ byORIf the price of a commodity increases by R%, then the

reduction

in consumption, notto increase the expenditure is{100R / [100 + R] } %35. If ‘A’ is R% less than ‘B’, then ‘B’ is

more

than ‘A’ byORIf the price of a commodity decreases by R%, then the

increase

in consumption, not toincrease the expenditure is{100R / [100 - R] } %36. If the population of a town is ‘P’ in a year, then its population after ‘N’ years isP (1 + R/100)

N