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Table Of Contents

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The struggle between Liberty and Authority is the most conspicuous
But though this proposition is not likely to be contested in general
Those who first broke the yoke of what called itself the Universal
It is proper to state that I forego any advantage which could be de-
First: the opinion which it is attempted to suppress by authority may
Nor is his faith in this collective authority at all shaken by his being
Because he has kept his mind open to criticism of his opinions and con-
In order more fully to illustrate the mischief of denying a hearing to
(be it what it may) which I call an assumption of infallibility. It is the un-
These are exactly the occasions on which the men of one generation com-
Unless any one who approves of punishment for the promulgation of
Aware of the impossibility of defending the use of punishment for re-
A theory which maintains that truth may justifiably be persecuted be-
The Vaudois were put down. The Lollards were put down. The Hussites
There is a class of persons (happily not quite so numerous as formerly)
Conceding to this view of the subject the utmost that can be claimed
Catholic Church has its own way of dealing with this embarrassing
It is illustrated in the experience of almost all ethical doctrines and reli-
To what an extent doctrines intrinsically fitted to make the deepest im-
Christian in a thousand guides or tests his individual conduct by refer-
They are not insincere when they say that they believe these things. They
Christ
But what! (it may be asked) Is the absence of unanimity an indispens-
They were essentially a negative discussion of the great questions of
"Socratici viri:" but the modern mind owes far more to both than it is
It still remains to speak of one of the principal causes which make di-
Romans; and his advice to Christians is in a great measure a system of
God and against the State." What little recognition the idea of obligation
I am as far as any one from pretending that these defects are necessar-
Supreme Goodness. I believe that other ethics than any one which can be
Christian ethics to produce the moral regeneration of mankind; and that
It is not necessary that in ceasing to ignore the moral truths not con-
I do not pretend that the most unlimited use of the freedom of enunci-
We have now recognized the necessity to the mental wellbeing of
SUCH being the reasons which make it imperative that human beings
He gains no practice either in discerning or in desiring what is best. The
And these qualities he requires and exercises exactly in proportion as the
It will probably be conceded that it is desirable people should exercise
To say that one person's desires and feelings are stronger and more vari-
A person whose desires and impulses are his own—are the expression of
Whoever thinks that individuality of desires and impulses should not be
In some such insidious form there is at present a strong tendency to
It is not by wearing down into uniformity all that is individual in
There is only too great a tendency in the best beliefs and practices to de-
Niagara river for not flowing smoothly between its banks like a Dutch
People think genius a fine thing if it enables a man to write an exciting
I have said that it is important to give the freest scope possible to un-
The same things which are helps to one person towards the cultivation of
As is usually the case with ideals which exclude one half of what is de-
The despotism of custom is everywhere the standing hindrance to hu-
Those nations must once have had originality; they did not start out of
What is it that has hitherto preserved Europe from this lot? What has
The combination of all these causes forms so great a mass of influences
I do not mean that the feelings with which a person is regarded by oth-
The distinction between the loss of consideration which a person may
The distinction here pointed out between the part of a person's life
And even (it will be added) if the consequences of misconduct could
With respect to what is said of the necessity of protecting society from
But the strongest of all the arguments against the interference of the
In its interferences with personal conduct it is seldom thinking of any-
The evil here pointed out is not one which exists only in theory; and it
To come somewhat nearer home: the majority of Spaniards consider it
No stronger case can be shown for prohibiting anything which is re-
How will the remaining portion of the community like to have the
We have only further to suppose a considerable diffusion of Socialist
Under the name of preventing intemperance the people of one English
"social rights" attributed to me by the Alliance. The doctrine ascribes to
Another important example of illegitimate interference with the right-
Though the feeling which breaks out in the repeated attempts to stop
I cannot refrain from adding to these examples of the little account
THE principles asserted in these pages must be more generally admitted
There is considerable force in these arguments. I will not venture to de-
To tax stimulants for the sole purpose of making them more difficult to
The question of making the sale of these commodities a more or less
I touch on it only so far as is necessary for purposes of illustration. If the
The instrument for enforcing the law could be no other than public ex-
It is not in the matter of education only that misplaced notions of
I have reserved for the last place a large class of questions respecting
The second objection is more nearly allied to our subject. In many
A very different spectacle is exhibited among a people accustomed to
Poor Law Board is intended to exercise over the administrators of the
Poor Rate throughout the country. Whatever powers the Board exercises
State which postpones the interests of their mental expansion and eleva-
John Stuart Mill's book Utilitarianism is a philosophical defense of util-
Mill's lifetime with minor additions and revisions
Although Mill includes discussions of utilitarian ethical principles in oth-
Five essays: Political Ideals; Capitalism and the Wage System; Pitfalls
In this book Russell weighs the respective advantages and disadvant-
The Age of Reason: Being an Investigation of True and Fabulous
World Government
"Rashōmon" (Japanese: 羅生門) is a short story by Akutagawa
Ryūnosuke based on tales from the Konjaku Monogatarishū. A man con-
The story was first published in 1915 in Teikoku Bungaku. Despite its
Grove
(source: Wikipedia)
Note: The original Japanese version of Rashoumon is available on
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John Stuart Mill - On Liberty

John Stuart Mill - On Liberty

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