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Table Of Contents

PREFACE
How to use this booklet
INTRODUCTION
Why wind energy is an attractive option
There is a large market of existing battery users
Batteries can be charged close to the household, saving time and money
Wind energy is more environmentally benign than many alternatives
Wind energy is cheaper than the alternatives
How can wind energy be made more attractive?
Battery power can be an intermediate step before grid connection
Households can share one generator
Why doesnÕt everyone use wind generators?
The importance of the wind regime
Set-up costs can be high
ÔWind generators donÕt work hereÕ
Lack of a holistic approach
PART 1: WIND ENERGY TECHNOLOGY FOR BATTERY CHARGING
1. Understanding Wind Generator Technology
The Permanent Magnet Generator (PMG)
The blades
Tail vane mechanism
Tower
Electrical controls
Charge controller
Low voltage disconnect
Inverter
Load control
Batteries
Fuses and circuit breakers
A typical system
DC or AC?
Matching needs, the wind and the generator
2. THE WIND POTENTIAL
Measuring the wind
Anecdotal evidence
The local vegetation
The Beaufort Scale
Anemometers
Demonstration installations
Where to site the generator
The higher the better
Out in the open
Safety considerations
How much power will a wind generator produce?
3. ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS
Household energy use
Power and Energy
Number of households
Individual batteries for each household
Battery charging for a fee
Load limiters and low-voltage disconnects
Low-voltage disconnects
Electronic load controllers (ELCs)
Calculating energy needs
Interpretation
Example 2 Three Households
Matching needs - the wind and the generator
Steps to be followed:
Battery sizing
Sizing the batteries
Payback calculation
Table 8: Financial viability of small wind generator enterprise
PART 2: SUSTAINING THE TECHNOLOGY
FROM PILOT PROJECT TO WIDESPREAD USE
1. THE DEVELOPMENT OF A WIND ENERGY SECTOR
The Danish Experience
The Mongolian experience
Common lessons
2. INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT
Institutions Involved in the ITDG Project
ITDG
UK Department for International Development
Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), UK
Imperial College, UK
VINIVIDA, Sri Lanka
GIDES, Sri Lanka
REDS, Sri Lanka
Institutions in General
International Institutions
National Governments
Academic Institutions
Funding and Financing Institutions
District Institutions
Local Institutions
Manufacturers Associations
Dissemination Institutions
How Should Institutions Become Involved?
3. BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
Introduction
Technology Transfer
Training
Supporting the Market
Marketing
Subsidies
Fiscal Measures
Tax Incentives
Net Billing
Institutions
Trade Associations
Knowledge Sharing and Disseminating Lessons Learnt
Networks and Newsletters
Workshops
Publications
4. THE POLICY ENVIRONMENT
CONCLUSION
APPENDIX I : Summary of Survey Data in Sri Lanka
APPENDIX II : Technical manuals
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Booklet Windmills in Developing Countries

Booklet Windmills in Developing Countries

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Published by Haakon Thormodsen

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Published by: Haakon Thormodsen on Sep 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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