CURRENT & RESISTANCE
C U R R E N T AND R E S I S T A N C E
4.1 ELECTRIC CURRENT
In the previous chapter we have been studying static electricity that is electric charges at rest.In this chapter we begin our study of charges in motion as an electric current.The electric current in a wire is defined as the net amount of charge that passes through it per unit time at any point. Thus, the average current I is defined as
is the amount of charge that passes through the conductor at any location duringthe time interval Δ
PHY 193 Physics For Engineering II UiTM Pulau Pinang
A steady current of 3.5A flows in a wire for 20.0 minutes.(i)How many charges passed through any point in circuit?
How many electrons would this be?
t I Q
= (3.5)(20X60)= 4200 C(ii)Number of electrons = 4200 X
6.242 x 10
= 2.62 X 10
How many electrons per second pass through a section of wire carrying a current of 0.70 A?
What is the current through an 8.0-
toaster when it is operating on 120 V?