Demand analysis is an important component in identifying consumers needs and determiningtheir willingness to pay for a given product. It is a great help in building up a business that will be asource of the demand.Cosumers usually wants to buy a given amount of goods at a stated price. Demand is used to comparesales quantity, consumption and may refer either to historical demand or to projected demand.Estimation of future demand for the product must be considered since the total projected demand of agiven product shows expected sales quantity of a particular projects. Assessment are made through thevarious projection method1.Arithmetic Straight Line Method2.Arithmetic Geometric curve Method3.Stastistical Straight line Method4.Stastistical parabolic Line Method5.Stastistical Geometric Curve Method
Historica Demand in Melamine
The historical demand in melamine locally is taken from the National Statistical Office.Table : Historical Data of DemandFrom , the demand showed an increasing trend of values. The historical data of thedemand is increasing and consistent due to the grownig number of melamine users each year.
Projection of Demand
There are five methods in the projection of demand. Several equation are used to project thedata for the next 10 years.1.Using Arithmetic Straight Line Method (ASLM)
Plant Layout has an important part in determining construction and manufacturing costs andthus must be planned carsfully with attention being given to future problems that may rise. Proper layout includes arrangement of processing areas, storage areas and handling areas in efficientcoordination and with regard to such factors as:1.new site development or addition to previously developed site.2.Type and quantity of products to be produced3.Possible future expansion4.Operational convinience and accessibility5.type of process and product control6.Economic distribution of utilities and services7.Type of builiding s and building code requirements8.health and safety considerations9.Waste-disposal problems10.Auxilliary equipment11.Space Available and Space required12.Roads and railroads
Instrumentaation and processes Control
The purpose of this section of the plant design will be highlight the principal features processcontrol and instrumentation and show their relationship to chemical and plant design practice.Instrument of this pointsare assigned a code number for the identification of design purchase andenergy components must then be measured, compared with a designed standard, computed, integratedand corrected when necessary for a smooth operation chemical process.