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Table Of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Waterjet layout
1.2 Relation of waterjet propulsion system to other turbo machinery
1.3 Aim of the analysis
1.4 Outline of this thesis
1.5 Nomenclature
1.6 References
Chapter 2Waterjet propulsion theory
2.1 Characteristic velocities in a waterjet system
2.1.1 Wake fraction
2.1.2 Inlet velocity ratio
2.1.3 Jet velocity ratio
2.1.4 Summary
2.2 General pump theory
2.2.1 Dimensionless performance parameters
2.2.2 Pump geometry parameters
2.2.3 Cavitation parameters
2.2.4 Correlation with propeller performance parameters
2.3 Thrust
2.3.1 General thrust equation
2.3.2 Open propeller thrust
2.3.3 Waterjet thrust
2.3.4 Concluding remarks
2.4 Pump head
2.5 Overall propulsive efficiency
2.5.1 Cavitation margins
2.5.2 Limitations in specific speed
2.5.3 Limitations in jet velocity ratio
2.5.4 Limitation of power density
2.6 Waterjet selection
2.7 Closing remark
2.8 Nomenclature
2.9 References
3.1 Representation of non-uniform velocity distribution
3.1.1 Experimental set-up
3.1.2 Non-dimensional representation
3.1.3 Two-dimensional representation
3.2 Local flow rate fluctuations
3.3 Impeller velocity triangles
3.4 Origin of the non-uniform velocity distribution
3.4.1 Boundary layer ingestion
3.4.2 Deceleration of the flow
3.4.3 Obstruction of the flow due to the shaft
3.4.4 Bend in the inlet duct
3.4.5 Closing remark
3.5 Non-uniform inflow velocity distributions in other turbo machinery
3.6 Nomenclature
3.7 References
Chapter 4Mathematical treatment
4.1 Requirements of mathematical method
4.1.1 Incompressibility
4.1.2 High Reynolds number
4.1.3 Time dependency
4.1.4 Non-uniformity of impeller inflow
4.1.5 Tip clearance flow
4.1.6 Final remarks
4.2 Conservation laws
4.3 Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) flow
4.3.1 Reynolds averaging
4.3.2 Eddy viscosity turbulence models
4.4 Two-dimensional test cases
4.4.1 Isolated NACA 0012 profile
4.4.2 Cascades with NACA 65-410 profiles
4.4.3 Sensitivity of errors in drag on thrust and torque
4.5 Nomenclature
4.6 References
Chapter 5Numerical analysis of waterjet inlet flow
5.1 Review of CFD analyses on waterjet inlets
5.2 Geometry and mesh generation
5.3 Numerical approach
5.3.1 Boundary conditions
5.3.2 Fluid properties
5.3.3 Discretisation and solution algorithm
5.4 Validation with experimental data
5.4.1 Comparison of static pressure along the ramp centre line
5.4.2 Comparison of cavitation inception pressure at cutwater
5.4.3 Comparison of total pressure at impeller plane
5.4.4 Comparison of velocity field at impeller plane
5.4.5 Results obtained with k-ω turbulence model
5.4.6 Mesh convergence study
5.4.7 Closing remarks
5.5 Analysis of the suction streamtube
5.5.1 Visualisation of suction streamtube
5.5.2 Determination of suction streamtube shape
5.6 Evaluation of wall shear stress
5.7 Nomenclature
5.8 References
Chapter 6Numerical analysis of waterjet pump flow
6.1 Geometry and mesh generation
6.2 Numerical approach
6.2.1 Boundary conditions
6.2.2 Fluid properties
6.2.3 Impeller rotation
6.2.4 Calculation of global pump performance
6.3 Validation with experimental data
6.3.1 Quasi-steady flow calculations with the MFR method
6.3.2 Transient flow calculations with moving mesh
6.3.3 Rotor-stator interaction forces
6.4 Influence of non-uniform axial inflow
6.4.1 Pump performance for non-uniform inflow
6.4.2 Background of radial forces acting on the impeller
6.4.3 Flow rate fluctuations in the impeller channel
6.4.4 Radial forces for non-uniform inflow
6.4.5 Concluding remark
6.5 Nomenclature
6.6 References
Chapter 7Analysis of a complete waterjet installation
7.1 Generation of the numerical model
7.2 Evaluation of volume flow rate
7.3 Evaluation of waterjet thrust
7.3.1 Integration of solid wall forces
7.3.2 Momentum balance
7.3.3 Results
7.4 Evaluation of required power
7.5 Analysis of vertical force on waterjet structure
7.6 Pressure distribution on streamtube surface
7.6.1 Evaluation of momentum balance in vertical direction
7.6.2 Calculation of vertical force on streamtube
7.6.3 Concluding remark
7.7 Nomenclature
7.8 References
Chapter 8Concluding remarks
8.1 Conclusions
8.1.1 Theory of thrust prediction for waterjet systems
8.1.2 Numerical aspects
8.1.3 Waterjet inlet flow characteristics
8.2.2 Application of RANS methods
Appendix AStability of non-uniform velocity distribution
A.1 Test case with non-uniform pipe flow
A.2 References
Appendix BFourier analyses of transient flow calculations
Summary
Samenvatting
Dankwoord
Curriculum Vitae
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Water Jet Propulsion

Water Jet Propulsion

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Published by: sureshn_tpt5032 on Sep 15, 2010
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