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37403260 Access to Information for Youth and Their Communities in Uganda Final

37403260 Access to Information for Youth and Their Communities in Uganda Final

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Published by UNICEF Uganda

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Published by: UNICEF Uganda on Sep 15, 2010
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09/15/2010

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AccesstoInformationForYouthandtheirCommunitiesinUganda
Reportpreparedby:SethHerr,ParadoxAlleyMarch–June2010
 
HandoverNotesfromMeetingwithUNICEFFellowJean-MarcLefebure
DigitalDrumReconstruction/InformationAccess
AmajorityofwhatwasdiscussedduringthehandovermeetingwithJean-MarcLefeburewasdetailsofthedesignandmanufactureprocessoftheDrumasitcurrentlyexists(secondrevisionprototype).Jean-Marcdetailedthecurrentrevisionandwediscussedtheareasofthedesignthatcouldbeimprovedforthenextrevisions
BasicDDdesignandbuildprocessneedstobeaddressed
 
Waterproofing
 
Reducekeyboardexpense
 
Hardensolarpowerdatacollectionsystem
 
Createout-of-bandmanagementsystem(GPRS,powermanagement)
 
Displaybrightnessconcerns
 
Loweroverallpowerenvelope
 
ExplorealternativebatterychemistriesandcompareTCO/lifespan/impactofoperatingenvironment/availability
Overallneedstobeaddressed:
 
LocatesuppliersofroutinelyusedpartsinKampala
 
Identifylocalbusinessescapableofsupportingdrumbuild,painters,metalshops,electronictechnicians,etc.
 
DevelopsustainablemodelforsupportandmaintenanceoftheDrum
 
Developauser-friendlyinterfaceforDrum
 
RefinesecurityofoperatingsystemontheDrumWediscussedsomepossibleapproachestointeresttheprivatesectorindevelopingandmaintainingtheDrumsuchasit’spotentialtobeusedasapay-per-useinternetaccesspoint,potentialuseasacellularphonechargingstationandsubsidizingproductionandoperatingexpensesthroughadvertisingonthedevice(physicalbrandingonthecase).
 
SolarPowerinRuralUganda:UseCasesandRecommendations
ThepurposeofthisdocumentistodetailpotentialusecasesforsolarpowerinruralUgandaaswellasprovidingsomepurchasingrecommendationsforsolarsystemstosuiteachusecasebasedoncurrentlyavailabletechnology.Astechnologybecomesmoreinvolvedineveryaspectofourlives,theneedforgenerationofsustainable,cleanelectricitytopowerthedeviceswerelyuponincreases.Whileadvancesarebeingmade,UgandalacksareliableelectricalutilityinfrastructurebeyondthecitiesofEntebbeandKampala,drivinganeedforsmall-scalegenerationsystems.Whilefossilfuel-basedgeneratorshaveaplaceinsomeenvironments,theyprovetobetooexpensiveanddifficulttomaintainforsmaller-scaleinstallations.Therearequiteafewsituationswherepowergenerationisrequiredbutthecostofinstalling,maintainingandfuellingatraditionalgeneratoroutweighsthebenefit.Solarpowerisasolutionperfectlysuitedfortheseinstallations.Thisdocumentwillfocusonthreeprimaryuse-cases:YouthCentercomputerfacilities,PrimaryteachercollegesandMaternityclinicsinruralhealthcenters.Allthreefacilitiesrequiremorepowerthanisgenerallyavailabletothemviaconventionalmeansbutrarelyhavethefundingtoinstallandupkeepfossil-fueledgeneratingsystems.ThesefacilitieshavebeenidentifiedashavingthegreatestpotentialimpactforUnicefUganda'sKeepChildrenAliveandKeepChildrenLearninginitiatives.
I.Theavailableandemergingtechnologies:
Currentlyavailablesolarcollectortechnologiescanbesummarizedasbeingoftwoavailablecategories:CrystallineandThin-film.Bothhavetheiradvantagesandaresuitableforcertaininstallations.Crystallinemodulesaregenerallymoreefficient(20%-28%asopposedto7%-15%)andhavealowerpowergeneratingthresholdthanthin-filmcollectors.Thismeansthatcrystallinemoduleswilloutputuseablepowerevenonovercastdayswhereasthin-filmmodulesgenerallyrequiredirectsunlighttooutputclosetotheirratedcapacity.Anadvantageofthin-filmmodulesovercrystallinemodulesisthattheyareflexibleandcanbeadaptedtomanyinstallationsnotsuitedfortraditionalmodulesorinareaswhereglass-basedmodulesaresimplynotruggedenough.Developmentisunderwayonvariousformsofprintedsolarcells.Thesetechnologiesaregenerallymanufacturedusingroll-to-rollprocessingwhichallowsforlargescalerapidproductionatextremelylowcost.Printedthin-filmscanbeintegratedintobuildingtechnologiesallowingforrelativelytheftproofinstallationswithouttheadditionalcostsassociatedwithtraditionalsolarinstallations.

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