ARKS KEYS TO NUMERACY - FINLAND/SCOTLAND
MENTAL ARITHMETIC - WORKING IT OUT IN YOUR HEAD
There are many instances in everyday life when you need to be able to calculatementally. Checking change when shopping, estimating journey times so as not tobe late for appointments and measurements of various kinds, often have to becarried out quickly and need to be easily worked out in your head.When doing mental arithmetic, few people use the standard written methods ofcalculating and are more likely to adopt their own shortcut methods that worksbest for them. When adding mentally, it can be easier to add the hundreds or tensfirst before adding the units and when adding money, you can add the poundsbefore the pence.
How would you add 56 and 42 mentally?Try these different methods to add 56 and 42
First add the tens5 + 4 = 9Then add the units6 + 2 = 8Finally put the two numbers together 98
First add56 + 40 = 96Then add the remaining 2 from the 4296 + 2 = 98Compare the different methods along with your own. Which do you prefer?If you have a method that works for you stick with it.As long as the answer is correct the method it not important.