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Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Handbook

Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Handbook

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Published by: cbtdoc2002 on Sep 15, 2010
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91W10 Advanced Individual Training Course
 
Nuclear, Biological, and ChemicalHandbook 
Department of the Army  Academy of Health SciencesFort Sam Houston, Texas 78234
 
Academy of Health Sciences91W10Field Training Handbook - Index
ii
NBC Equipment Overview ………………………………………………………………1-5
Individual protection equipment
Vesicants and Cyanide Agents………………………………..……………….……….6-9
Classification and Properties of Vesicants
Effects and Treatments for Sulfur Mustard Agent Exposure
Effects and Treatment for Lewisite Agent Exposure
Effects and Treatment for Phosgene Oxime Agent Exposure
Signs, Symptoms and Treatment for Cyanide Exposure
Treat a Nuclear Exposed Casualty ………………………………...………………….10-17
 
Describe Nuclear Effects
Medical effects from a nuclear detonation
Thermal Injuries
Assessment findings of exposure
Terminate exposure
Provide assessment/treatment for specific exposure
Triage
Provide emergency medical care
Depleted Uranium (DU) Awareness
Overview of Biological Warfare …………………………..…………………….……..18-21
Identify Potential biological warfare agents and their characteristics
Potential Methods and Optimum Times for Dissemination of Biological Agents
Categories and Definitions of Biological Agents
Indicators of a Biological Warfare Attack
Methods of Defense Against a Biological Agent Attack
Establishment and Operation of aCasualty Decontamination Station………………………..…………………….…….22-26
Components, Function(s), Location, Description, and Equipment of a CasualtyDecontamination Station (CDS)
Triage Considerations and Categories
Decontaminate a Casualty …………………………………..………………….……...27-30
Definition and Principles of Decontamination
Decontaminants
Decontaminate the casualty
Appendix A -, NBC Equipment Overview
 
Competency Skill Sheets
 
Appendix B -, NBC Decontamination
 
Skill SheetsAppendix C -, Establish a Protective Decontamination Shelter &Chemical Protective Biological Shelter 
 
Competency Skill Sheets
 
Appendix D -, Establish a Protective Decontamination Shelter &Priority of treatment and Triage Competency Skill Sheets
 
 
Academy of Health Sciences91W10NBC Equipment Overview1
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Given a potential or simulated chemical or biologically contaminated environment.
Individual protection equipment 
All soldiers are issued standard "A" chemical defense equipment. This includes aprotective mask, battle dress overgarment, chemical protective glove, and chemicalprotective overboots
CAUTION:
Wearing the BDO adds 10-15 degrees F to the body's ambienttemperature; therefore, soldiers must maintain an adequate fluid intake both beforeand during the time of wear. Additional caution must be taken in warmer climatesdue to the increased risk of heat related injuries.
Battle dress overgarment (BDO)
(1) Characteristics(a) Consists of a pair of trousers and a jacket with a charcoalliner (b) The outer cloth is specially treated with "scotch-guard"type treatment, to resist liquid chemical agents(c) The BDO adds approximately 11 pounds to the weightalready carried by the soldier (2) Wear time(a) Uncontaminated environment - minimum of 30 days. The unitcommander may extend the wear past the 30 days(b) Contaminated environment - 24 hours
Chemical boots
 (1) Characteristics - green vinyl over boot (GVO)/Black vinyl overboot(BVO). Worn over combat boots to protect feet from contaminationby all known agents, vectors and radiological particles(2) Wear time(a) Uncontaminated environment - 14 days, inspected for serviceability and worn 14 days more if found serviceable(b) Contaminated environment - 24 hours, inspected anddecontaminated and worn 24 hours more if found serviceable
Protective mask - M40A1
(1) Characteristics(a) The M40A1 is designed to protect the wearer from all knownchemical and biological agents and riot control agents. Whenworn correctly, the mask will provide protection for the face,eyes, and respiratory tract(b) The mask uses a NATO standard external filter canister thatmay be positioned on the soldier's right or left cheek to allowhim to fire the M16A2 rifle. The filter cannot be exchanged in acontaminated environment(c) The only optical insert approved for use in the M40 mask is awire-frame type

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