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US Coast Guard - Boat Crew Seamanship Manual

US Coast Guard - Boat Crew Seamanship Manual

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Published by cbtdoc2002

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Published by: cbtdoc2002 on Sep 15, 2010
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04/10/2015

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Table of Contents
i
Table of Contents

Glossary
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Chapter 1: Boat Crew Duties and Responsibilities

Section A: The Boat Crew................................................................................ 1-3
Section B: Boat Crew Duties............................................................................ 1-5
Trainee..................................................................................................... 1-6
Crew Member........................................................................................... 1-7
Boat Engineer........................................................................................... 1-9
Coxswain.................................................................................................. 1-10
Surfman.................................................................................................... 1-12
Section C: Watchstanding Responsibilities........................................................ 1-13

Lookout Watch......................................................................................... 1-14
Night Lookout Watch............................................................................... 1-21

Helm Watch.............................................................................................. 1-22
Towing Watch.......................................................................................... 1-23
Anchor Watch........................................................................................... 1-25
Appendix 1-A: The Boat Crew........................................................................ 1-27
Appendix 1-B: The Boat Crew........................................................................ 1-31
Appendix 1-C: The Boat Crew........................................................................ 1-33

Chapter 2: Patrols

Section A: Safety Patrols.................................................................................. 2-3
Benefits of Safety Patrols.......................................................................... 2-4
Auxiliary Safety Patrol Boat Duties........................................................... 2-5
Section B: Regatta Patrols and Marine Parades................................................. 2-9
Patrolling Regattas.................................................................................... 2-10
Patrol Boat Assignments........................................................................... 2-13
Patrolling the Various Regattas................................................................. 2-16
Marine Parades......................................................................................... 2-21
Section C: Aids to Navigation Patrols............................................................... 2-23
Section D: Chart Updating Patrols.................................................................... 2-25
Section E: Disaster Patrols............................................................................... 2-27
Section F: Port Security and Maritime Pollution............................................... 2-29

Table of Contents
ii
Chapter 3: Crew Efficiency Factors

Section A: Physical Fitness Standards............................................................... 3-3 Section B: Crew Fatigue.................................................................................. 3-9 Section C: Motion Sickness............................................................................. 3-13 Section D: Lethal Fumes................................................................................... 3-15 Section E: Noise..............................................................................................3-17 Section F: Drugs and Alcohol.......................................................................... 3-19 Section G: Cold Related Factors........................................................................ 3-21

Effects of Cold Weather............................................................................ 3-22
Hypothermia............................................................................................. 3-23
Frostbite................................................................................................ 3-25
Layering Clothing..................................................................................... 3-26
Section H: Sun and Heat Related Factors......................................................... 3-29
Sun Burns................................................................................................ 3-30
Dehydration.............................................................................................. 3-31
Heat Rash (Prickly Heat).......................................................................... 3-33
Heat Cramps............................................................................................. 3-34
Heat Exhaustion........................................................................................ 3-35

Heat Stroke.............................................................................................. 3-36
Susceptibility to Heat Problems................................................................. 3-37
Chapter 4: Team Coordination and Risk Management

Section A: Team Coordination.......................................................................... 4-3 Team Relationship.................................................................................... 4-4 Team Coordination and Risk Management................................................ 4-5

Section B: Team Coordination Standards.......................................................... 4-7 Leadership Standard................................................................................. 4-8 Mission Analysis Standard........................................................................ 4-9 Adaptability and Flexibility Standard......................................................... 4-11 Situation Awareness Standard................................................................... 4-12 Decision Making Standard........................................................................ 4-13 Communication Standard.......................................................................... 4-14 Assertiveness Standard.............................................................................. 4-15

Section C: Risk Management Process............................................................... 4-17 The Four Rules of Risk Management........................................................ 4-18 Risk Management Process, Step 1............................................................. 4-20 Risk Management Process, Step 2............................................................. 4-21

Table of Contents
iii
Risk Management Process, Step 3............................................................. 4-23
Risk Management Process, Steps 4, 5, 6, & 7............................................ 4-25

Section D: Informal Crew Briefing and Debriefing............................................ 4-27 Informal Crew Briefing............................................................................. 4-28 Informal Crew Debriefing......................................................................... 4-29

Chapter 5: First Aid
Section A: Crew Member’s Roles..................................................................... 5-3
Crew Responsibilities................................................................................ 5-4

Handling and Transporting of Injured........................................................ 5-6
Section B: Treatment for Shock........................................................................ 5-7
Shock Syndromes..................................................................................... 5-8
Anaphylactic Shock.................................................................................. 5-12
Section C: Resuscitation Methods and Emergencies.......................................... 5-15
Resuscitation Procedures.......................................................................... 5-16

Heart Attack............................................................................................. 5-18
Stroke
................................................................................................5-19
Scuba Incidents......................................................................................... 5-20

Section D: Treatment for Wounds, Fractures, and Burns.................................. 5-23 Bandages................................................................................................ 5-24 Bleeding................................................................................................ 5-26 Fracture (Broken Bones)........................................................................... 5-35 Burns

................................................................................................5-44

Section E: Environmental Injuries..................................................................... 5-47
Emergencies Caused by Heat.................................................................... 5-48
Emergencies Caused by Cold.................................................................... 5-51
Hypothermia............................................................................................. 5-53
Near-drowning.......................................................................................... 5-58
Fish Bites and Stings................................................................................. 5-59
Section F: Miscellaneous Emergencies.............................................................. 5-61
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning..................................................................... 5-62
Poisoning by Mouth.................................................................................. 5-63
Eye Injuries............................................................................................... 5-64

Chapter 6: Survival Equipment and Pyrotechnics

Section A: Personal Flotation Device (PFD)..................................................... 6-3 Type I PFD............................................................................................... 6-4 Type II PFD.............................................................................................. 6-6 Type III PFD............................................................................................ 6-7