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Private Sector Higher Education in Bangladesh

Private Sector Higher Education in Bangladesh

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Recent scenario of private sector higher education and private universities of Bangladesh. Problems & prospects of this sector.
Recent scenario of private sector higher education and private universities of Bangladesh. Problems & prospects of this sector.

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Published by: Md. Muhibur Rahman Saad on Sep 15, 2010
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06/11/2013

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Research PaperOn
Private Higher Education in Bangladesh
Course: Composition and communication skillCourse code: ENG102Semester: Summer 2009
Submitted by:
Md. Muhibur Rahman
Undergraduate StudentDepartment of Business Administration 
E
ast
W
est
U
niversity
 
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Private Higher Education in Bangladesh
Bangladesh appears to have realized a decent economic development since the late1990s. This economic development also reflected in the education sector of the country. In this period higher education in Bangladesh has shown a significant expansion, particularly in privatesector. But our govt. did not utilize this sector in a proper way. There are also quality, financialand other problems with most of the private universities of our country. By analyzing the presentsituations of private universities government have to think how this sector can contribute to our national development.There were mainly two types of higher education institutions: the highly competitive public universities and a large number of degree colleges affiliated with universities. When thesetwo types of institutions failed to satisfy the necessity of huge number of HSC passing students,then the government had to think about higher education in private sector. Then governmentapproved the Private University Act 1992 and established North South University as the first private university. During the 1990s, around 20 government recognized private universities wereestablished, with the number increasing to 54 by the end of 2005. The Independent reports that,about 80 percent of our private universities are based in the capital city, Dhaka, where 6 percentof the total population of the country live and are lucky enough to enjoy the benefit of privateuniversities. The remaining 94 percent people have little or no idea about private universities.Only seven universities have so far been established in two divisional towns but there campusesare in Dhaka.The number of students attending private universities has also increased rapidly from6200 at 16 universities in 1997 to 44600 at 52 universities in 2003. In comparison, the numbers
 
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for public universities increased from 74000 students at 11 universities in 1997 to 104700 at 21universities in 2003. Although the number of students enrolled in public universities remainshigher, the pace of increase for enrolment in private universities seems to have accelerated.Almost all private universities are same in character. These universities are owned bysome people and also funded by them. Private universities are not operated by governmentthough they might not receive funding. These institutions generally managed by the board of directors of the universities. Most of the private universities offer same type of courses, whichare job oriented and have greater market demand. They mainly offer degrees in BusinessAdministration, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Telecom Engineering, English, Law etc.But some universities also offer degrees in unfamiliar subjects such as Agribusiness,Development studies, Journalism and Media studies, Advertising, Pharmacy, economics, Micro- biology, Applied physics, Bengali etc. All these universities provide undergraduate and graduatelevel courses. As they do not have accreditation to provide higher level degrees like M.Phil, PhDetc. Some universities also offer non degree or diploma courses in different discipline. But thegood news is that, many top private universities are introducing new courses every year.Private universities award degrees themselves. They are supervised by the academicadministrative rules set by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of the country. Many wellknown private universities have collaboration or arrangement to transfer academic credits tonumber of USA and Canadian universities. These universities awarded degrees are recognized by different Asian and US-European universities.It is a strange matter that our government even any local organization do not provide anymeasurement of quality or provide any rating regarding universities (both public and private). So

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