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Logic of Phantasy 80

Logic of Phantasy 80

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Logic of Phantasy 80Jacques Lacan
 
雅克 拉康
Lacan Seminar 14:The Logic of Fantasy 18
幻见的逻辑
Seminar 18: Wednesday, April 26, 1967
Does it not appear that something analogous, which would only be properly here the emergence of thedimension of measure or of proportion, as original meaning, is implied in this moment of interval which,after having written 1 +
o
= 1/
o
, completes it with the
One
which was absent from it even thoughimmanent, and which, because of being distinguished in this second moment, takes on the figure of thefunction here of the signifier sex as repressed.
这难道不是显得,某件类同的东西在这个间隔的时刻被暗示出来?这个类同的东西就是测量或比率的向度的出现,作为具有原創性的意义。当我们写下
1 +
o
= 1/
o
後,这个间隔的时刻用这个「一」完成它,即使内在性而言,这个「一」並不在这个类同的东西里。在这个间隔的第二个时刻,这个类同的东西被辨认出来,扮演这个性的意符被压抑的功用的角色。
It is in the measure that the relation to the enigmatic One, taken here in its pure conjunction, One plussmall
o
, can, in our symbolism, imply a function of the
One
as representing the enigma of sex
qua
repressed, and that this enigma of sex is going to present itself to us as being able to realise thesubstitution, the metaphor, overlapping with its proportion the
small o
itself. What does that mean?
就在跟这个谜团一般「一」的关系,处於纯净的连接,「一」加小客体,在我们的象征意义里,暗示着一种作为生命主体的「一」,代表性被压抑的谜团这个性的谜团将要呈现它自己,作为能够体现这个代替,个比喻,跟小客体自身的比率重叠。那是生麽意思?
The
One
, you are going to object to me, is in no way repressed. Like here, where keeping to an
1
 
approximate formula, I made a chain of signifiers as regards which it would be necessary that effectivelynone of them should reproduce this repressed signifier, (this indeed is why I must distinguish therepressed), here does this
One
of the first line, go against the articulation that I am trying to give you of it?
你们将会抗议说,这个「一」丝毫没有受到压抑。为了跟公式的近似值一致,我做了一系列的意符锁链,但是没有一个意符应该复制这个被压抑的意符(这的确就是为什麽我必须区别这个被压抑的意符)。在此,这第一条线的这个「一」,会跟我正在给予你们的表达相牴触吗?
Surely not, because of the following: the fact is, as you know, (if you have taken the trouble to exerciseyourself a little, the tiniest little bit with what I showed you about the use that should be made of the
small o
with respect to
One
, namely, having marked its difference and carried out its subtraction fromthe
One
), to remark, as I told you, that
One minus o
is equal to nothing other than to
o
to the power of two or 
o
squared, to which there succeeds, provided you withdraw this
o-squared
back to the
o
,brought in here in the first operation, to which there succeeds an
o-cubed
, which is reproduced here on
o-squared
, by the same mode of operation, to obtain here an
o-to the fourth power 
; all the evenpowers lining up, as I told you, on one side, over against the odd powers on the other, (
o-to the fifthpower, o-to the seventh
 
power 
) which are staggered here, and their total realising this sum whichamounts to
small o
. What we (6) then have on the top of this proportion, is nothing other than
o + (o-squared+o-cubed+o-to the fourth power)
and so on, which begins from
o-squared
up to infinity,being strictly equal to the big
One
.
当然不会,因为底下的原因:事实上,你们知道,假如你们费力气去运用一下,我给你们看的这个最小的碎片,关於小客体的使用,跟这「一」的关系,换句话说,它标示它的不同,並且执行它的代替这个「一」)。我告诉过你们,为了说「一」减零,相等於就是零的二次或零的平方,只要你们将这零的平方撤回到零,在第一次运算后,接续而来的是一个零的三次方,在零的平方上复制,以相同模式的运作,为了得到零的四次方。我告诉过你们,所有偶数的次方排在一边,对抗另外一边的奇数次方(零的五次方,零的七次方),彼此摇摆不定。它们全部体现小客体
O
的数目。在这个比率的顶端,我们的答案道道地地就是:零加(零的平方、加零的三次方、加零的四次方),等等,它从零的平方一直演算到无穷,结果完全等於这个「大一」。
The result is that you have here a rather good image of what I called in the signifying chain themetonymical effect that for a long time I already illustrated by the sliding in this chain of the
small o
figure.
结果是,你们得到一个很好的意象,就是我所谓意符的锁链的换喻效果。长久以来,我曾以小客体在意符锁链上的滑
,作为
解释
2
 
That is not all. If the measure this given in this operation of 
writing 
- for it is a matter of nothing else - iscorrect, there flows from it, very immediately, that it is enough for us to make this whole block of the
One plus small 
o
pass to the function of 
One
for which it is imposed as a substitution, to obtain the following:that I can very easily offer myself the luxury of, as a way of continuing to amuse you, I mean, not writingthe last 1, reproducing at its level the earlier manoeuvre, which allows me to write subsequently:
Oneover 
o
which, if you continue to proceed along the same path, is followed by the formula
o
/1-
o
- thewhich 1 –
o
being equal to
o squared
- is nothing other than
o
(N.B. later corrected by Lacan to 1/
o
),the final identification which in a way, sanctions the fact that throughout these detours, these detourswhich are not nothing since it is here that we can learn to make there operate correctly the relations of the
small o
to sex, brings us back purely and simply to this identity of the
small o
.
那並没说
假如
把人
为就是一
写」,它的运
所给予的测量是正确的话,那後
来的就是,我们
够做
体的运算,将「一加小客体零,
传递
加在那里作为代替,为了得到底下结果:我能够很
容易享
受一下
奢侈
取悦
你们,不
这个最后「一
写下来,而在它的
次,复制
早先
策略
,这
我能够
写:一作为零的
分子
,假如你
沿
着这条
途径
演算下去,后
而来是公式:零是一减零的
分子
。这个一减零,相等於是零的平方,道道地地就是零(
附记
后来,拉康
正为零
分之
一)。这个最后的认同,在某方
,认
这个事实:在这
个的
迂迴
们纯
就是回到这个小客体的认同。这个
迂迴
不是没有意义,因为我们在此能够
学习
使小客体跟性的关系,正确地运作。
For those for whom this still remains a little difficult, do not omit the fact that this
small o
is somethingthat is altogether existent! I have not done it up to the present, but I can write out its value. Everyoneknows it, O they not? It is
the square root of five mines one over two.
And, if you want to write it infigures, if I remember correctly, it is something of the order of 2.236068 (N.B. Corrected later) . I nolonger remember very clearly. Here it is exactly 67 and not 68 but subsequently there are 9's etc. It goeson for a some time. In short, do not hold me to it.
是有
人搞
清楚
你们不要
忽略
这个事实:小客体是全然
在的某件东西
我一直到现在
没有
它,但是我能够
写出它的
值。
一个
人都
知道,不是吗?那就是:五的平方
,减去二
分之
一。如你
要用数
字书
写下来,假如我
得没有
错误
,那大
2.23606
8
得不是很
清楚
,确实的结果是
6
7
,而不是
68
,但是
还剩
9
等等。它
一演算下去。
总之
,我就不这
做了。
It is a memory of the time ... in any case in my time one learnt mathematics like that, one knew a certainquantity of numbers by heart. When I was fifteen years old, I knew the six first page of my logarithmictables by heart. I will explain to you another time the use of that, but it is quite certain that it would not beone of the less good methods of selection for candidates to the function of psychoanalyst. We have notreached that yet... I have so much trouble bringing in the slightest thing on this delicate subject, (7) that Ihave not even suggested, up to the present, that this criterion should be used (laughter). It is certainly
3

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