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Logic of Phantasy 80

# Logic of Phantasy 80

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04/09/2011

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Logic of Phantasy 80Jacques Lacan

Lacan Seminar 14:The Logic of Fantasy 18

Seminar 18: Wednesday, April 26, 1967
Does it not appear that something analogous, which would only be properly here the emergence of thedimension of measure or of proportion, as original meaning, is implied in this moment of interval which,after having written 1 +
o
= 1/
o
, completes it with the
One
which was absent from it even thoughimmanent, and which, because of being distinguished in this second moment, takes on the figure of thefunction here of the signifier sex as repressed.

1 +
o
= 1/
o

It is in the measure that the relation to the enigmatic One, taken here in its pure conjunction, One plussmall
o
, can, in our symbolism, imply a function of the
One
as representing the enigma of sex
qua
repressed, and that this enigma of sex is going to present itself to us as being able to realise thesubstitution, the metaphor, overlapping with its proportion the
small o
itself. What does that mean?

The
One
, you are going to object to me, is in no way repressed. Like here, where keeping to an
1

approximate formula, I made a chain of signifiers as regards which it would be necessary that effectivelynone of them should reproduce this repressed signifier, (this indeed is why I must distinguish therepressed), here does this
One
of the first line, go against the articulation that I am trying to give you of it?

Surely not, because of the following: the fact is, as you know, (if you have taken the trouble to exerciseyourself a little, the tiniest little bit with what I showed you about the use that should be made of the
small o
with respect to
One
, namely, having marked its difference and carried out its subtraction fromthe
One
), to remark, as I told you, that
One minus o
is equal to nothing other than to
o
to the power of two or
o
squared, to which there succeeds, provided you withdraw this
o-squared
back to the
o
,brought in here in the first operation, to which there succeeds an
o-cubed
, which is reproduced here on
o-squared
, by the same mode of operation, to obtain here an
o-to the fourth power
; all the evenpowers lining up, as I told you, on one side, over against the odd powers on the other, (
o-to the fifthpower, o-to the seventh

power
) which are staggered here, and their total realising this sum whichamounts to
small o
. What we (6) then have on the top of this proportion, is nothing other than
o + (o-squared+o-cubed+o-to the fourth power)
and so on, which begins from
o-squared
up to infinity,being strictly equal to the big
One
.

O

The result is that you have here a rather good image of what I called in the signifying chain themetonymical effect that for a long time I already illustrated by the sliding in this chain of the
small o
figure.

，作为

2

That is not all. If the measure this given in this operation of
writing
- for it is a matter of nothing else - iscorrect, there flows from it, very immediately, that it is enough for us to make this whole block of the
One plus small
o
pass to the function of
One
for which it is imposed as a substitution, to obtain the following:that I can very easily offer myself the luxury of, as a way of continuing to amuse you, I mean, not writingthe last 1, reproducing at its level the earlier manoeuvre, which allows me to write subsequently:
Oneover
o
which, if you continue to proceed along the same path, is followed by the formula
o
/1-
o
- thewhich 1 –
o
being equal to
o squared
- is nothing other than
o
(N.B. later corrected by Lacan to 1/
o
),the final identification which in a way, sanctions the fact that throughout these detours, these detourswhich are not nothing since it is here that we can learn to make there operate correctly the relations of the
small o
to sex, brings us back purely and simply to this identity of the
small o
.

，这

，假如你

。这个一减零，相等於是零的平方，道道地地就是零（

，认

For those for whom this still remains a little difficult, do not omit the fact that this
small o
is somethingthat is altogether existent! I have not done it up to the present, but I can write out its value. Everyoneknows it, O they not? It is
the square root of five mines one over two.
And, if you want to write it infigures, if I remember correctly, it is something of the order of 2.236068 (N.B. Corrected later) . I nolonger remember very clearly. Here it is exactly 67 and not 68 but subsequently there are 9's etc. It goeson for a some time. In short, do not hold me to it.

，减去二

，那大
2.23606
8

，确实的结果是
6
7
，而不是
68
，但是

9

，我就不这

It is a memory of the time ... in any case in my time one learnt mathematics like that, one knew a certainquantity of numbers by heart. When I was fifteen years old, I knew the six first page of my logarithmictables by heart. I will explain to you another time the use of that, but it is quite certain that it would not beone of the less good methods of selection for candidates to the function of psychoanalyst. We have notreached that yet... I have so much trouble bringing in the slightest thing on this delicate subject, (7) that Ihave not even suggested, up to the present, that this criterion should be used (laughter). It is certainly
3