Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
30Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
@Buku Fertilisasi Gilbert

@Buku Fertilisasi Gilbert

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,345 |Likes:
Published by haikalmoch

More info:

Published by: haikalmoch on Sep 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/30/2013

pdf

text

original

 
FERTILISASI:AWAL PEMBENTUKAN ORGANISME BARU
Diterjemahkan dariDevelopmental Biology 8
th
EditionChapter 7. Fertilization: Beginning a New Organismoleh Scott F GilbertDr. Abdul Gofur, M.SiMoch. Haikal, S.Si
UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANGFAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAMJURUSAN BIOLOGI2008
 
i
DAFTAR ISI
halamanDaftar Isi.............................................................................................................................iDaftar Gambar...................................................................................................................iiDaftar Tabel.......................................................................................................................iii
PENDAHULUAN ...............................................................................................................1STRUKTUR GAMET .........................................................................................................1
Sperma..............................................................................................................................1Sel Telur.............................................................................................................................7Pengenalan Sel Telur dan Sperma....................................................................................10
FERTILISASI EKSTERNAL PADA BULU BABI ..............................................................11
Menarik Perhatian Sperma: Aksi dari Jauh........................................................................12Reaksi Akrosom.................................................................................................................14Pengenalan Spesifik Spesies.............................................................................................16Fusi Membran Sel Telur dan Sperma................................................................................18
PENCEGAHAN POLISPERMI...........................................................................................19
Blokade Polispermi Cepat..................................................................................................21Blokade Lambat Polispermi................................................................................................23Kalsium sebagai Pemicu Reaksi Granula Korteks.............................................................24
AKTIVASI METABOLISME SEL TELUR PADA BULU BABI...........................................28
Respon Awal......................................................................................................................28Respon Akhir: Permulaan Síntesis Protein dan DNA.........................................................30Fusi Materi Genetik ...........................................................................................................38
FERTILISASI MAMALIA...................................................................................................39
Membawa Gamet Menuju Oviduk: Translokasi dan Kapasitasi ........................................40Kejadian di Sekitar Oosit: Hiperaktivasi, Termotaksis, dan Kemotaksis.............................44Pengenalan pada Zona Pelusita........................................................................................45Fusi Gamet dan Pencegahan Polispermi...........................................................................49Fusi Materi Genetik............................................................................................................51
PENUTUP..........................................................................................................................55RANGKUMAN...................................................................................................................56DAFTAR RUJUKAN..........................................................................................................58
 
ii
DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar halaman1.
 
Bakal Janin Manusia dalam Sel Sperma yang Digambarkan Nicolas Hartsoeker.......22.
 
Perubahan dari Sebuah Germ Cell Hingga Menjadi Sperma Hewan Mamalia............43.
 
 Apparatus Motil Sperma..............................................................................................64.
 
Struktur Sel Telur Bulu Babi saat Fertilisasi.................................................................85.
 
Tahapan Maturasi Sel Telur Saat Masuknya Sperma pada Berbagai SpesiesHewan.........................................................................................................................96.
 
Permukaan Sel Telur Bulu Babi...................................................................................107.
 
Keadaan Sel Telur Hamster Sesaat Sebelum Fertilisasi.............................................118.
 
Ringkasan Tahapan Menjelang Fusi Sel telur dan Membran Sel Spermapada (A) Bulu Babi dan (B) Mencit..............................................................................129.
 
Kemotaksis Sperma yang Terjadi pada Bulu Babi Arbacia punctulata........................1410.
 
Model Peptida Kemotaksis pada Sperma Bulu Babi....................................................1511.
 
Reaksi Akrosom pada Sperma Bulu Babi....................................................................1612.
 
Pengikatan Spesifik Spesies Tonjolan Akrosom pada Permukaan Sel Telur Bulu Babi......................................................................................................................1713.
 
Lokalisasi Bindin pada Tonjolan Akrosom...................................................................1814.
 
Reseptor Bindin pada Sel Telur...................................................................................1915.
 
Hasil Scan Mikrograf Elektron Masuknya Sperma ke Dalam Sel Telur Bulu Babi.......2016.
 
Perkembangan Menyimpang pada Sperma Bulu Babi Dispermic...............................2117.
 
Potensial Membran Sel Telur Bulu Babi Sebelum dan Setelah Fertilisasi...................2318.
 
Pembentukan Lapis Fertilisasi dan Pelepasan Kelebihan Sperma..............................2519.
 
Eksositosis Granula Korteks........................................................................................2620.
 
Gelombang Pelepasan Ca
2+
dalam Sel Telur Bulu Babi selama Fertilisasi.................2721.
 
Retikulum Endoplasma yang Mengelilingi Granula Korteks pada Sel Telur Bulu Babi......................................................................................................................2822.
 
Postulat Jalur Aktivasi Sel Telur pada Bulu Babi.........................................................3023.
 
Sintesis Protein dalam Jumlah Besar Saat Fertilisasi dari mRNA yang Terdapatpada Sitoplasma Oosit................................................................................................3224.
 
Peran Inositol Fosfat dalam Pelepasan Kalsium dari Retikulum Endoplasmadan Inisiasi Proses Perkembangan.............................................................................3525.
 
Keterlibatan Protein G pada Masuknya Ion Kalsium ke Dalam Sel Telur Bulu Babi......................................................................................................................3626.
 
Kemungkinan Mekanisme Aktivasi Sel Telur...............................................................3727.
 
Peristiwa yang Terjadi pada Nukleus pada Proses Fertilisasi Bulu Babi.....................4028.
 
Model Hipotetis Kapasitasi Sperma Mamalia..............................................................4329.
 
Hasil Scan Mikrograf Elektron (dengan Pewarnaan Secara Artifisial) yangMenunjukkan Sperma Sapi saat Menempel pada Sel Epitel Oviduk Saat Menuju Ampulla........................................................................................................................4430.
 
Ikatan Antara Sperma dan Zona..................................................................................4631.
 
Protein Zona 3 Mencit yang Berikatan dengan Sperma..............................................4732.
 
Reaksi Akrosom pada Sperma Hamster......................................................................4933.
 
Masuknya Sperma Menuju Sel Telur Hamster Golden................................................5034.
 
Gerakan Pronukleus Selama Fertilisasi Gamet Manusia.............................................53

Activity (30)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Annisa Fitri liked this
Mery Maryam liked this
Suyarta Efrida liked this
Horizon Ilham liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->