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Propositions Test 1

# Propositions Test 1

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A bunch of equations and definitions that we'll need for the exam Friday
A bunch of equations and definitions that we'll need for the exam Friday

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09/15/2010

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NOTES FOR TEST 1: MATH 3500Proposition 1.1
The medians of a triangle intersect at a point that is two-thirds of theway from each vertex to the opposite side. it p 5
Exercise 1.2.17
For any
x,y
,
x
y
x
y
. Deduce that
x
y
x
y
.
Deﬁnition
A set
n
is called a
subspace
if:

0
;Whenever
v
and
c
,
then
cv
Whenever
v,  w
V,v
+
 w
V.
Proposition 2.1
The dot product has the following properties:
x
·
y
=
 y
·
x
x,y
n
x
·
x
=
x
2
0 and
x
·
x
= 0
x
=

0(
cx
)
·
 y
=
c
(
x
·
y
)
x,y
n
x
·
(
 y
+
z
) =
x
·
y
+
x
·
z
Proposition 3.1
Let
v
1
,v
2
,...v
k
n
Then V = Span(
v
1
,v
2
,...v
k
) is a
subspace.
Deﬁnition
Let V and W be subspaces of
n
. We say they are
orthogonal subspaces
if every element of V is orthogonal to every element of W.
Deﬁnition
A function T:
n
m
is called a
linear transformation
or
linear map
if itsatisﬁes:
(
u
+
v
) =
(
u
) +
(
v
) for all
u,v
n
Whenever
v
and
c
,
then
cv
Whenever
v,  w
V,v
+
 w
V.
Projection of
x
onto
y proj
x
y
=
x
·
 y
 y
2
y
Geometric interpretation of dot product
x
·
y
=
x

y
cosθ
Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality
|
x
·
 y
|
x

y
Triangle Inequality
1