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Keyboard Devices

Keyboard Devices

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Published by rajesh patel

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Published by: rajesh patel on Sep 16, 2010
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09/15/2010

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Explain the input devices?
Input devices are used to capture the data and transmit it to the computer systemfor further processing and in computer readable form. Some of the input devicesare as under.
Keyboard Devices:
K
eyboard devices are the
m
ost co
mm
only used devices
today.
T
hey are used for
data entry into a co
m
puter
system by
pressing a set of keys
, which is connected to a computer system.
P
rogra
m
s and data are entered into a co
m
puter through a keyboard
.A keyboard is
si
m
ilar to a typewriter
it contains
Alphabets, digits, specialcharters and so
m
e control keys.
W
hen a key is pressed an
electrical signal is produced
which is detected byan electronic circuit called keyboard encoder.Its
function
 
is
to
detect
which key has been pressed and
send
binary codefor it.
W
hat is scanner?Data scanning devices are input devices, which are used for direct entry into theco
m
puter syste
m
fro
m
source docu
m
ents. Data Scanning Devices are of 
m
anytypes:
Im
age Scanner:
 
An Image scanner is an
input device
,
 
W
hich
translates
paper documents
into an electronic for
m
at
 
 
W
hich can be
stored in a co
m
puter
 
 
T
he
I
nput
document may be
text, pictures and even handwritten
material.
 
T
he copy of a document stored in a computer and can be
displayed orprinted whenever desired
.
 
 
T
wo common used types are:
F
latbed Scanner:
A Flatbed Scanner is
like a copy
m
achine
, which consists of 
box having glassplate on the top.
T
he
docu
m
ent to be scanned is placed upside down
on the glass plate the
light
is below the glass plate
and
m
oves horizontally fro
m
left to rightwhen activated.
 
After scanning one line the light bea
m
 
m
oves up a little and scans a nextline.
T
his process is
repeated
for all the lines.
Hand-held scanner:
A Hand-held scanner to scan a document, the
scanner is slowly draggedfro
m
one end of the docu
m
ent to its other end
with its lights on.
T
he scanner has to be dragged very
carefully
over the document.
O
therwise the conversion of the document into its equivalent bitmap willnot be correct due to this reason hand-held scanners are used only in caseswhere high accuracy is not needed.
T
hey also much
cheaper as co
m
pared
to flatbed scanners.
W
hen image scanners are used for inputting text documents, they have thefollowing
li
m
itations
:Input
docu
m
ent is stored as an i
m
age
, instead of text.
T
he computer can'tinterpret the stored document as numbers characters and special symbols.
T
he
storage required for storing the docu
m
ents as an i
m
age is
m
uch
m
orethan that required for storing the sa
m
e docu
m
ent as a text
.
 
 
P
oint-and-Draw Devices:Mouse:
M
ouse is the most popular point-and-draw device today.A mouse is also called a pointing device.It moves across a flat surface with the help of tracking balls.Its movement and the direction of the movement are detected by two rotating wheelson the underside of the mouse called sensors.Light Pen:A Light pen is a pointing device. It is used to select and write the text on the CR
T
. It is capable of sensing a position on the CR
T
screen when its tip touches the screen.
J
oystick:
A Joystick is also a
pointing device
.It is used
to
m
ove the cursor position on the CRT screen.
 Its function is
si
m
ilar to that of a
m
ouse
.
I
t is a stick which has spherical ball at its lower-end as well as its upper-end.
T
he lower spherical ball moves a socket.
The joystick can be
m
oved right or left, forward and backward.
M
ainly
used in playing 3D ga
m
es.
O
n most joysticks,
a button on the top is provided to select the option
.
Touch Screen:
A
T
ouch screen enables the users to choose from available options by
si
m
ply touchingwith their fingers the desired icon or
m
enu displayed on the co
m
puter screen
.
T
ouch screens are mostly preferred
hu
m
an-co
m
puter interface devices
used ininformation kiosks.
W
hich is
used to store infor
m
ation of public interests
 Allows common people to access the stored information as per their requirements?Example:At an Airport or a railway station to provide information to arriving passengers abouthotels, tourist sports etc. in the city.In large museums it guides about various attractions and facilities.

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