LectureHonors U.S. HistoryName:Mr. IrwinWeek 14Period:
Chapter 7-3Mining, Ranching, and FarmingCultural & Physical Impact Upon the West:
From the end of the
to the end of the nineteenth century, large numbers of people came to the American West to mine, set up ranches and to establish farms.By the late 1800s, most of the
of the West had been broken, killed,or forced into reservations. The simple of lifestyle of Indian culture had vanished to agreat degree.With the Native Americans out of the way, a new breed of Westerner began to emerge,with the ultimate goal of unlocking the potential of the land and making it fruitful.
The Spread of Western Mining:
After the discovery of gold at
, California, in 1848, the West was floddedwith fortune-hunters, ranging from single men, to entire families. Such fortune seekerswho were heading for California, didn’t realize that they would passing right over mountains that contained large mineral deposits.In 1859, gold was found at
, Colorado. This brought entire wagon trains tothe area under the slogan “Pike’s Peak or Bust!”Also in 1859, gold was struck at Nevada’s
. The events of Pike’s Peakand Comstock caused prospectors to flock to this region. In the 30 years between 1859 – 1889, it is estimated that $400 million in gold and silver was extracted from theComstock Lode.In 1877, gold was found at the
, in the Black Hills of Dakota. It isestimated to be the single richest mine ever uncovered in the world, producing over $1billion worth of ore.
– using a pan with water. The heavier minerals remain in the bottom of the pan, while the lighter dirt rock and soil get swished out of the pan.One variation of this technique was to construct large boxes. Miners shoveled dirt intothem and then ran water into the boxes, which separated gold and silver from dirt androck.When news spread about a gold or silver strike, people looking to get rich, would flockto the site. “Tent cities” would crop up seemingly overnight. Large mineral strikes led towww.mirwin.weebly.compage
1 of 2