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Acoperisuri

Acoperisuri

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Published by: caciulad1 on Sep 16, 2010
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04/28/2013

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ACOPERISURI
Acoperisul – 
ansamblu structural situat la partea superioara a cladirii,
 
menit sadelimiteze si sa permita crearea unui mediu intern, protejat de cel exterior. In acest sens,acoperisul izoleaza cladirea la partea superioara de precipitatii, vant, variatii detemperatura, zgomot etc.
Cladire
– un volum construit, bine delimitat fata de exterior si care cuprinde pelanga contur toate echipamentele si dotarile necesare indeplinirii functiilor pentru care afost realizata.
Cladire
1)Constructii civile1.1)De locuit1.2)Social-culturale si administrative2)Constructii industriale3)Constructii agro-zootehnice
Cladire
A)Substructura (infrastructura) – sub cota ±0.00mFundatiiDiafragme subsoluriPlaca peste subsolB)Suprastructura (elevatia) – peste cota ±0.00mSuprastructura propriu-zisaAcoperisul
CLASIFICAREA ACOPERISURILOR 
1)D.p.d.v. al inclinatiei:inclinatie mare 150% - 21%inclinatie medie 20% - 10%inclinatie mica <9% (terase) circulabilanecirculabila2)D.p.d.v. al planeitatii: plane inclinatesuprafete curbecu luminatoare 3)D.p.d.v. al invelitorii:-paie, trestie, stuf -lemn (sita, scandura, dranita)-ceramica (tigla solzi, tigla profilata)-placi tip azbociment
 
*plane*ondulate*tip sindrila4)D.p.d.v. al materialelor structurii:-lemn-metal-beton-mixt
 ALEGEREA TIPULUI DE ACOPERIS 
-Rolul cladirii-Inaltimea cladirii-Regimul climatic al zonei-Sistemul structural al elevatiei cladirii-Pozitia elementelor de evacuare a apelor pluviale-Vecinatati-Dorinta beneficiarului-Pret-Arhitectura zonei

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