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Asian Journal Sept 3 - 9, 2010

Asian Journal Sept 3 - 9, 2010

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Published by ASIAN JOURNAL

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Published by: ASIAN JOURNAL on Sep 16, 2010
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09/16/2010

&Kegt`g}md eg rnim 0)
Tfm [ng D`ming{
''' r' 4
Aedmzg Anztpzdea<
Te Cehhey Kfz`{t
''' r' >4

Nczn`d tfnt tfm rzermztp
pe} anp j}p `g tfm
Rf`h`rr`gm{ anp
get jm j}`ht5

Kfmko e}t
Tfm Z`dim nt Kngpeg Yeed{
Z`{o!czmm kegde }g`t{ tfnt nzm nhzmndp j}`ht( ge gmmd
te yn`t te ekk}rp
tfm rhnkm'
N >2- deyg
rnpnjhm `g
mn{p aegtf!
hp `g{tnhh!
amgt
aesm{
pe} `g
ngd
mgnjhm{
pe} te
}{m ngd

mglep
pe}z rhnkm'
Eygmz{f`r

n}teant`!
knhhp anom{ pe} n
amajmz ec `t{ iehc
ke}z{m kh}j( ge `g`t`nh cmm te rnp.
[mm rnim{ :; ngd :4 cez aezm `gcezant`eg'
czea Ang`hn
[tngdnzd Tednp
N OMP Rnhnkm eck`nh

jhnamd tfm Nzzepe nda`g!
`{tznt`eg Tf}z{dnp cez tfm
jetkfmd fe{tnim zm{k}m eg
Aegdnp `g yf`kf m`ift Fegi
Oegi te}z`{t{ ymzm o`hhmd'

‘Tfm N~}`ge nda`g`{tzn!
t`eg fn{ jmmg nt tfm fmha cez
eghp == dnp{' Rzm{`dmgt Ihez`n
Anknrninh Nzzepe‐{ nda`g`{!

tznt`eg hn{tmd cez g`gm pmnz{(‑
{n`d Fmza`g`e Kehean( yfe
fmnd{ tfm Rzm{`dmgt`nh Kea!
a}g`knt`eg{ Ermznt`eg{ Ec!

km'

‘Ym eghp `gfmz`tmd tfm
k}zzmgt {tntm ec tfm Rf`h`rr`gm
Gnt`egnh Reh`km'‑

@g n tmhms`{`eg `gtmzs`my(
Kehean {n`d tfm rzms`e}{
nda`g`{tznt`eg a}{t jm fmhd
nkke}gtnjhm cez cn`h`gi te
aedmzg`|m tfm reh`km cezkm'

[ng L}ng Zmr' L'S' Mlmz!
k`te( {eg ec e}{tmd Rzm{`dmgt
Le{mrf M{tzndn( nizmmd( jhna!
`gi f`{ cntfmz‐{ ndsmz{nzp cez
tfm reh`kmamg‐{ hnko ec kz`{`{
angnimamgt {o`hh{'

‘Ang`hn‐{ gm{t `g tfm

rzms`e}{ pmnz{ yn{ tn{omd te
rzetmkt Rnarngin‐{ jm{t(‑
Mlmzk`te {n`d( zmcmzz`gi te Az{'
Nzzepe yfe `{ gey n keg!
izm{{yeang cez Rnarngin'

Fm {n`d tfm reh`km fnd
he{t tfm`z nj`h`tp te zm{regd
te fe{tnim {`t}nt`eg{ jmkn}{m
tfmp ymzm }{md `g tfm hn{t g`gm
pmnz{ te i}nzd nin`g{t Az{'
Nzzepe‐{ reh`t`knh ndsmz{nz`m{'

Nt tfm [mgntm( tfm fmnd
ec tfm Ang`hn Reh`km D`{!
tz`kt( Kf`mc [}rt' Zedehce

Rnhnkm y`dmg{ jhnam inam te `gkh}dm Ihez`n Nzzepe
&Kegt`g}md eg rnim >6)

f`{ a}{`knh i`ct{ czea rnz!
mgt{ Dmeiznk`n{ Jnzteheam(
n rn{tez( {tz`gi `g{tz}amgt
anomz ngd zegdnhhn jngd
hmndmz( ngd Ngimh`gn Ieg|n!
hm|( n |nz|}mhn {`gimz' Y`tf n
gnt}znh `gkh`gnt`eg te a}{`k(
f`{ tnhmgt yn{ c}ztfmz fegmd
`g kehhmim( yfmg fm jmknam

J}t fe}z{ rn{{md ngd {fm ke}hd get tf`go ec ngp
{eh}t`eg' @t yn{ n Ymdgm{dnp ngd {fm eghp fnd
egm dnp hmct( Tf}z{dnp( te {ehsm fmz rzmd`knamgt
jmcezm tfmp hmnsm eg Cz`dnp' [fm ngd Nhjmzt
fnd rnkomd ae{t ec tfm`z tf`gi{( tfm zm{t te jm
{f`rrmd te S`zi`g`n' J}t {fm zmnh`|md tfnt tfmzm
yn{ zmnhhp ge ynp {fm ke}hd zn`{m tfm $>:(222
{fm eymd Hngde `g {}kf n {fezt t`am'
‘L}{t egm t`am eghp(‑ {fm ke}hd zmknhh Hngde
tmhh`gi fmz nje}t f`{ `gdmkmgt rzere{nh' ‘Nctmz
tfnt( pe}‐zm dmjt!czmm( pe} kng {tnzt n gmy h`cm
`g S`zi`g`n( fnsm n khmng {hntm'‑

Jp [`ameg I' [`hsmz`e( Lz'
R}jh`{fmz # Md`tez
N{`ng Le}zgnh [ng D`mie
Tfm Ez`i`gnh ngd C`z{t N{`ng Le}zgnh `g
Namz`kn
[mm rnim >:
Rzea`{md Hngd
Rnpjnko
&Kegt`g}md eg rnim >=)
Jp Dz' Km{nz D' Kngdnz`
:2tf `g n {mz`m{ ec nzt`khm{

Tfm Rmerhm Reymz Aesmamgt!!! n rer}hnz }rz`{`gi ec rz`m{t( g}g{(
ezd`gnzp k`t`|mg{( kf`hdzmg( ngd {}rreztmd jp a`h`tnzp }g`t{!!! e}{tmd
Anzke{ eg tfm dnp ec f`{ `gn}i}znt`eg &Cmjz}nzp :=( >063) ngd jze}ift
Kezn|eg N~}`ge te reymz `g ng nhae{t jheedhm{{ zmseh}t`eg' Rmerhm
Reymz yn{ e}z {f`g`gi ihezp. Tfm yfehm yezhd nrrhn}dmd e}z {n`gthp

ke}znim( e}z d`ig`md dmngkm( e}z jheedhm{{ {eh}t`eg te mvrmh n d`ktn!

tez' Ym ymzm tfm ten{t ec nhh czmmdea!hes`gi ke}gtz`m{( tfm mgsp ec nhh
errzm{{md rmerhm' Te dm{kz`jm c}ztfmz( tfm Rmerhm Reymz Zmseh}t`eg
&nh{e ogeyg n{ tfm MD[N Zmseh}t`eg `g tfm Rf`h`rr`gm) yn{ n {mz`m{ ec
gegs`ehmgt ngd rznpmzc}h an{{ {tzmmt dmaeg{tznt`eg{ `g tfm Rf`h`rr`gm{

Czea Ngt`~}m te Namz`kn<
Amae`z{ ec n C`h`r`ge Namz`kng Dektez
Tfm Rmerhm Reymz Aesmamgt
&Kegt`g}md eg rnim >2)
&Kegt`g}md eg rnim :2)
[mrtmajmz ; te [mrtmajmz 0( :2>2
J`hh Hnjm{tzm
A{iz' I}t`mzzm|
\mgn Jnjne
Tfm y`{dea ec
[eheaeg'''r>0

C`h`r`ge Ceho [`gimz
Fmjmz Jnzteheam te Fehd
Kegkmzt `g [ng D`mie

Ng nzt`{t( {`gimz!kea!
re{mz( yz`tmz( nkt`s`{t( f}{!
jngd ngd cntfmz‣tfm{m nzm
j}t {eam ec tfm angp zehm{
rhnpmd jp Fmjmz Jnzteheam
tfze}if tfm pmnz{'

Jezg Fmjmz Ieg|nhm|
Jnzteheam eg Gesmajmz 4(
>046 `g Knjngnt}ng K`tp(
Rf`h`rr`gm{( fm re{{`jhp iet

S@[TN( KN ‛ Aeegh`ift
[tnim Rzed}kt`eg{ kegkh}dm{

`t{ ;2tf Ngg`smz{nzp [}aamz
[mn{eg nt tfm Aeegh`ift Na!
rf`tfmntzm y`tf tfm `gtmzgnt`egnh
{mg{nt`eg A@[[ [N@IEG'
Rmzcezangkm{ nzm [mrtmajmz
6!:= nt 9<;2 ra' T`komt{( rz`kmd
$::!$4=( nzm eg {nhm tfze}if tfm

S`{T`v T`komt Eckm nt &932)

9:4!:>>2 ngd egh`gm nt aeeg!
h`ift{tnim'kea' A@[[ [N@IEG
`{ `gtmgdmd cez ant}zm n}d`mgkm{
n{ `t kegtn`g{ ant}zm tfmam{(
{`t}nt`eg{( ngd hngi}nim' Tfm
kzmnt`sm tmna eg tfm rzed}k!
t`eg `gkh}dm{ [tmsmg Ihn}d`g`(
D`zmktez? Knzhe{ Amgde|n(
Kfezmeiznrfmz? Kfnzh`m Zm}tmz(
A}{`knh D`zmktez? ngd Omggmtf
Inaa`m( Kegd}ktez'

Czea tfm kzmntez{ ec HM[
A@[ÀZNJHM[ Khn}dm!A`kfmh
[kfegjmzi ngd Nhn`g Je}j`h(

C`h`r`gn Namz`kng Nktzm{{ Lmgg`cmz Rn| [tnz{
n{ ‘O`a‑ `g A@[[ [N@IEG rzm{mgtnt`eg nt tfm
Aeegh`ift Narf`tfmntzm `g S`{tn( Knh`cezg`n
czea [mrtmajmz 6 te := nt 9<;2 r'a'

Rz`gk`rnh Kn{t`gi `gkh}dm{ nktez{ {mmg `gtmzgnt`egnhhp `g A@[[ [N@IEG
`gkh}d`gi Lmgg`cmz Rn| n{ O`a ngd Lefngg A`kfnmh Knant n{ Tfm Mgi`gmmz
Lmgg`cmz Rn| n{ O`a `g A`{{ [n`ieg'
Tfm dmndh`gm cez h`gi

nrrh`knt`eg{ cez Ym{tmzg
]g`eg‐{
Cna`hp
[kfeh!
nz{f`r
Rzeizna
`{ cn{t
nrrzenkf`gi' Eg [mrtmajmz
>=( :2>2( tye ymmo{ czea
gey( nkkmrtngkm cez tf`{
pmnz‐{ nrrh`knt`eg{ mgd{'

Ym{tmzg ]g`eg‐{ Cna`hp
[kfehnz{f`r{ nzm n`amd nt
cna`h`m{ `g tfm ]g`tmd [tntm{
yfe fnsm esmzkeam jnzz`mz{
te r}z{}m tfm`z md}knt`egnh
ienh{ n{ ymhh n{ tfe{m y`tf

Eg [mrtmajmz >=( :2>2

Nrrh`knt`eg Dmndh`gm cez Ym{tmzg
]g`eg‐{ Cna`hp [kfehnz{f`r Rzeizna
@{ Cn{t Nrrzenkf`gi

dmaeg{tzntmd gngk`nh
gmmd{( `gsehsmamgt `g tfm`z

keaa}g`t`m{( rmz{egnh md}!
knt`eg ienh{ ngd khmnz rhngt{
te nttn`g tfm`z ienh{'

Tfe{m yfe ~}nh`cp
y`hh jm mh`i`jhm te zmkm`sm
{kfehnz{f`r `g nae}gt{ ec
$>(222 ! $=(222 rmz cna`hp'

Cez mvnarhm( egm {kfehnz!
{f`r zmk`r`mgt anp zmkm`sm
Rnim :
[mrtmajmz ; ! 0( :2>2
N{`ng Le}zgnh ! &3>0) 494!2=66 S`{`t e}z ymj{`tm nt fttr<%%yyy'n{`ngle}zgnh}{n'kea
>29>9 Kna`ge Z}`|( [tm' >:: [ng D`mie( KN 0:>:3
Ke{amt`k ngd Zm{teznt`sm Dmgt`{tzp
[tntm!ec!tfm!Nzt Tmkfgeheip ngd [tmz`h`|nt`eg
D`i`tnh V!znp{ ngd An{{nim Dmgtnh Kfn`z{
Knz`gi ngd Cz`mgdhp [tncc
Nccezdnjhm Cmm{
A`h`tnzp Dmrmgdmgt{ Ymhkeam
Msmg`gi ngd Ymmomgd Nrre`gtamgt{ Nsn`hnjhm
Gmy( Ynho!`g ngd Mamzimgkp Rnt`mgt{ Ymhkeam
Ae{t RRE Rhng{ Nkkmrtmd
Man`h< dzUeh`smzjnd`hheBpnfee'kea Rfegm< &6=6) =33!3200

Ermg<
Aegdnp ‛ Cz`dnp 0na ‛ 3ra
[nt}zdnp 6na ‛ :ra

Kzmd`t Knzd{ Nkkmrtmd
\EEA.
Mvna( D`i`tnh V!znp{
# Khmng`gi ,

,Esmz $:22 `g {ns`gi{( `g tfm
nj{mgkm ec i}a d`{mn{m( gmy
rnt`mgt{ eghp'
H`a`tmd t`am eccmz'

$;400
Zmi' $:;6
Teynzd{ Ngp
Dmgtnh [mzs`km
$==2 ez aezm

Kngget jm keaj`gmd
y`tf `g{}zngkm'
H`a`tmd t`am eccmz'

$>2222
@g Ec﬎km
Tmmtf Yf`tmg`gi
@g L}{t ng Fe}z.
H`a`tmd t`am eccmz'
$:0600
Zmi' $322
Zeea cez Zmgt

Ge {aeo`gi' Ge dz}i{'
Khe{m te nhh'
$422 rmz aegtf rh}{ }t`h`t`m{
Knhh< &3>0) 3=3!2420

Hny Ec km{ ec Kf}n T`g{np # Smin
yyy'ktsnttp{'kea
jp Nttp' Dmgg`{ Kf}n
Hminh J}||
Zmnd Nttp' N}zezn Smin‐{ rzms`e}{ nzt`khm{ jp s`{`t`gi
e}z ymj{`tm nty y y' n { ` n g l e } z g n h } { n ' k e a
N ]'[' Marhepmz kng
{reg{ez cezm`ig yezomz{ yfe

nzm m`tfmz rzecm{{`egnh{ &keh! hmim dmizmm fehdmz{)( {o`hhmd &nt hmn{t : pmnz{ tzn`g`gi ez

mvrmz`mgkm) ez }g{o`hhmd &f`if

{kfeeh iznd}ntm{) te `a!
a`izntm te tfm ]g`tmd [tntm{'
Tf`{ nzt`khm y`hh dmnh y`tf tfm
jn{`k zm~}`zmamgt{ ec {reg!
{ez`gi cezm`ig yezomz{'

N ‘]'[' Marhepmz‑ `{ m`!
tfmz n kearngp( n rnztgmz{f`r(
n {ehm rzerz`mtez{f`r ez n rmz!
{eg dea`k`hmd `g tfm ]g`tmd
[tntm{ yfe fn{ n gmmd cez tfm
rnzt`k}hnz {o`hh{ ngd {mzs`km{
ec tfm {reg{ezmd cezm`ig

yezomz' N ]'[' Marhepmz
a}{t z{t ejtn`g n hnjez kmzt`!
knt`eg czea tfm Dmrnztamgt

ec Hnjezngd nrrzesnh ec n
rmt`t`eg czea tfm K`t`|mg{f`r
ngd @aa`iznt`eg [mzs`km{'

Tfm hnjez kmzt`knt`eg
rzekm{{ `{ egm ec tfm ae{t
kearhmv `aa`iznt`eg!zmhntmd

rzekmd}zm{' Tf`{ rnarfhmt
`{ n {gnr{fet ec tfm zm~}`zm!
amgt{ ngd rzekmd}zm{ ec n

hnjez kmzt`knt`eg( j}t `t `{ get

n {}j{t`t}tm cez hminh nds`km'
@c pe} y`{f te {reg{ez ng
cezm`ig yezomz( pe} gmmd te

keg{}ht y`tf ng mvrmz`mgkmd

`aa`iznt`eg nttezgmp te n{!
{m{{ pe}z rnzt`k}hnz {`t}nt`eg
ngd mh`i`j`h`tp te {reg{ez( ngd

@aa`iznt`gi te tfm ]'['
n{ n Cezm`ig Yezomz
anom {}zm tfnt pe}z kn{m `{
rzmrnzmd kezzmkthp'
YFNT @[ HNJEZ KMZT@C@!
KNT@EG5
Hnjez Kmzt`knt`eg `{ n

rzekm{{ yfmzmjp n rze{rmk!
t`sm ]'[' marhepmz kegd}kt{
n tm{t ec tfm hnjez anzomt ‛ jp
r}tt`gi e}t lej yngtmd ndsmz!

t`{mamgt{ ! te gd e}t `c tfmzm

`{ n {feztnim `g n rnzt`k}hnz
ekk}rnt`eg( jmcezm `t `{ nh!
heymd te f`zm n cezm`ig yezo!
mz cez tfm {n`d ekk}rnt`eg'
Tfm rzekm{{ `gsehsm{ {msmznh
{tmr{( nctmz yf`kf tfm ]'['
Dmrnztamgt ec Hnjez &DEH)

kmzt`m{ tfnt<
Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz fn{
n snh`d lej eccmz ‛ tfmzm
`{ n zmnh ngd mv`{t`gi
lej re{`t`eg( ngd n
jegn dm ermg`gi ez
snkngkp'
Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz

gmmd{ tfm cezm`ig
yezomz‐{ {o`hh{ ngd
nj`h`t`m{'
Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz

fn{ tz`md te heeo cez n
]'[' yezomz cez tfm lej
re{`t`eg ! gezanhhp jp
ndsmzt`{`gi `g gmy{!

rnrmz{ ngd egh`gm
lej {mnzkfm{ jp [tntm
yezocezkm nimgk`m{
h`om KnhLej{( ngd de!
`gi etfmz zmkz}`tamgt
mccezt{ ! j}t ke}hd get
gd n ]'[' yezomz
yfe `{ njhm( y`hh!
`gi ngd zmndp te hh
tfm re{`t`eg' N ‘]'['

yezomz‑ amng{ ngp
yezomz yfe `{ m`tfmz
n ]'[' k`t`|mg ez hminh
rmzangmgt zm{`dmgt'
Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz fn{

eccmzmd tfm rzmsn`h`gi
ynim cez tfm re{`t`eg(
n{ dmtmza`gmd jp tfm
DEH'

Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz
fn{ ce}gd ge ~}nh`md

]'[' yezomz{' @c kngd`!
dntm{ zm{regd te tfm nd!
smzt`{mamgt{ ngd etfmz
zmkz}`tamgt mccezt{( tfm
]'[' Marhepmz a}{t
rzesm te tfm DEH tfnt

tfmp nzm get ~}nh`md

]'[' yezomz{( ez nzm
get zmndp( ez get njhm
ez y`hh`gi te nkkmrt tfm
lej eccmz' @c tfm DEH
`{ get kegs`gkmd ec
tfm marhepmz‐{ ieed
cn`tf zmkz}`tamgt( tfm
HK y`hh get jm `{{}md
ngd tfm cezm`ig jm`gi
{reg{ezmd y`hh get jm
njhm te `aa`izntm te tfm
]g`tmd [tntm{'

TFMZMKZ]@TAMGTRZE!
KM[[

Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz gmmd{
te ndsmzt`{m tfm lej snkngkp
ngd yf`hm `t kng {mt rnzt`k}hnz
zm~}`zmamgt{ cez tfm lej re{`!
t`eg( `t kng eghp `are{m zm!
~}`zmamgt{ tfnt nzmgezanh te
tfm lej re{`t`eg ngd a}{tget

jm esmzhp zm{tz`kt`sm' @g ndd`!

t`eg ( tfm ]'[' Marhepmz a}{t
eccmz n ynim zntm m~}nh te tfm
rzmsn`h`gi ynim `g tfm nzmn ec
`gtmgdmd marhepamgt( n{ dm!

tmza`gmd jp tfm DEH' Nrrh`!
knt`eg{ zmkm`smd `g zm{reg{m
te ndsmzt`{mamgt{ `g gmy{!
rnrmz{( egh`gm lej {mnzkfm{(
kearngp ymj{`tm ngd etfmz
ceza{ ec zmkz}`tamgt a}{t jm
knzmc}hhp msnh}ntmd( ngd kng
eghp jm zmlmktmd cez hnyc}h(
lej!zmhntmd zmn{eg{ ngd cez get
ammt`gi tfm a`g`a}a zm~}`zm!
amgt{' Nctmz kearhmt`gi tfm
zmkz}`tamgt rzekm{{( tfm ]'['
Marhepmz {}ja`t{ tfm hnjez

kmzt`knt`eg nrrh`knt`eg te tfm
DEH m`tfmz tfze}if an`h( ez
egh`gm }gdmz tfm DEH‐{ Rze!

izna Mhmktzeg`k Zms`my Ang! nimamgt &RMZA)' K}zzmgthp( DEH tnom{ nje}t 3 aegtf{ te aezm tfng n pmnz te rzekm{{

n hnjez kmzt`knt`eg nrrh`kn!

t`eg' DEH kegd}kt{ n}d`t{ ec
nrrh`knt`eg{ {}ja`ttmd( m`tfmz
zngdeahp ez d}m te kmztn`g
cnktez{ `g tfm {}ja`ttmd nr!
rh`knt`eg{' @g {}kf n}d`t{(

DEH anp zm~}m{t cez khnz`!

knt`eg( ndd`t`egnh `gcezant`eg
ez etfmz dek}amgt{ ez ms`!
dmgkm( nctmz yf`kf n kmzt`cp!

`gi eckmz kng kmzt`cp ez dmgp

tfm nrrh`knt`eg( ez zm~}`zm tfm
]'[' Marhepmz te de ngetfmz
zmkz}`tamgt ‛ tf`{ t`am( }gdmz

DEH {}rmzs`{`eg'
Tfm h`gi dntm ec tfm
hnjez kmzt`knt`eg nrrh`knt`eg

{mt{ tfm rz`ez`tp dntm cez tfm
cezm`ig yezomz' Tfm rz`ez`tp
dntm dmtmza`gm{ yfmg n s`{n
y`hh jm nsn`hnjhm te tfm cezm`ig
yezomz( n{{}a`gi tfm hnjez

kmzt`knt`eg nrrh`knt`eg `{
nrrzesmd'
YFNT FNRRMG[ NCTMZDEH
KMZT@C@M[ TFMNRRH@KNT@EG5
Tfm ]'[' Marhepmz kng
gey hm ng `aa`izngt rmt`!

t`eg cez tfm cezm`ig yezomz
y`tf tfm ]'[' K`t`|mg{f`r
ngd @aa`iznt`eg [mzs`km{
&][K@[) ngd a}{t {}ja`t tfm

kmzt`md hnjez kmzt`knt`eg

&HK) y`tf tfm rmt`t`eg' Tfm
][K@[ msnh}ntm{ tfm rmt`t`eg
te dmtmza`gm yfmtfmz tfm ]'['

marhepmz fn{ tfm gngk`nh
nj`h`tp te rnp tfm ynim{ ec tfm
cezm`ig yezomz( ngd yfmtfmz
tfm cezm`ig yezomz ~}nh`m{
}gdmz egm ec tfm cehhey`gi
kntmiez`m{<

:gd Rzmcmzmgkm ‛ Ndsngkmd
Dmizmm Rzecm{{`egnh{ &cez lej{
zm~}`z`gi nt hmn{t n An{tmz{
dmizmm( ez n Jnkfmhez‐{ dmizmm

rh}{ nt hmn{t = pmnz{ ec mvrmz`!
mgkm)

;zd Rzmcmzmgkm ! Rzecm{!
{`egnh{ &cez lej{ zm~}`z`gi
n jnkfmhez‐{ dmizmm)? ngd
[o`hhmd Yezomz{ &cez lej{
zm~}`z`gi :/ pmnz{ tzn`g`gi ez

mvrmz`mgkm)

Etfmz Yezomz{ Rzmcmzmgkm ! ]g{o`hhmd Yezomz{ &cez lej{ zm~}`z`gi hm{{ tfng : pmnz{

tzn`g`gi ez mvrmz`mgkm)

]reg nrrzesnh ec tfm `a!
a`izngt rmt`t`eg( tfm cezm`ig
yezomzngd f`{%fmz cna`hp
&{re}{m ngd kf`hdzmg }gdmz
:>) kng nrrhp cez rmzangmgt
zm{`dmgkm ! m`tfmz tfze}if
ndl}{tamgt ec {tnt}{ &`c rzm{!
mgt `g tfm ][ngd mh`i`jhm
te nrrhp) ez imtt`gi ng `a!
a`izngt s`{n czea tfm ]'['
Majn{{p `g f`{%fmz feam

ke}gtzp &`c njzend) ! j}t h!

`gi cez ndl}{tamgt ez nrrhp`gi cez `aa`izngt s`{n dmrmgd{ eg tfm cezm`ig yezomz‐{ rz`ez!

`tp dntm' N{ {tntmd( tfm h`gi

dntm ec tfm HK {mt{ tfm rz`ez`tp
dntm( yf`kf `g t}zg d`ktntm{
yfmg s`{n{ nzm nsn`hnjhm te tfm
cezm`ig yezomz ngd f`{ cna`hp'
Pe} kng kfmko rz`ez`tp dntm
`gcezant`eg jp heii`gi eg te
e}z ymj{`tm yyy'ktsnttp{'
kea ngd ie te tfm S`{n J}h!
hmt`g h`go'

SNH@D@TP
N kmzt`md HK `{ eghpsnh`d
cez >62 dnp{ cez n{rmk`k

][ Marhepmz( re{`t`eg( ngd
heknt`eg' @c ngp ec tfm{m ;
cnktez{ kfngim( tfm HK kngget
jm }{md ngd anp jmkeam n
}{mhm{{ dek}amgt' Nh{e( DEH
anp {t`hh zmseom ng nrrzesmd
HK `c `t zmkm`sm{ `gcezant`eg
tfmzm `{ ge snh`d lej eccmz' @c
tfm ]'[' Marhepmz dem{ get

hm ng `aa`izngt rmt`t`eg
y`tf`g >62 dnp{( tfm HK `{
keg{`dmzmd mvr`zmd ngd kng ge
hegimz jm }{md'
MCCMKT[ EC NKMZT@C@MD
HNJEZKMZT@C@KNT@EG
N kmzt`md HK `{ eghp tfm
z{t {tmr `g ejtn`g`gi rmzan!

gmgt zm{`dmgkm &izmmg knzd)
{tnt}{ ez ng `aa`izngt s`{n(
cez n cezm`ig yezomz ngd
f`{%fmz cna`hp' @c n cezm`ig
yezomz `{ nhzmndp `g tfm ]'['(
tfm HK dem{ get i`sm tfm
yezomz ngp `aa`iznt`eg {tnt}{
pmt? gez dem{ `t n}tfez`|m tfm
yezomz te zman`g `g tfm ]'['
Tfm HK `{ get ng n}tfez`tp te

yezo( ngd imtt`gi n kmzt`md

HK dem{ get n}tfez`|m tfm
yezomz te jm marhepmd m`tfmz
jp tfm {reg{ez`gi ]'[' Ma!
rhepmz ez jp ngp etfmz ma!
rhepmz' @c tfm cezm`ig yezomz
`{ nhzmndp e}t ec {tnt}{( tfm

kmzt`md HK dem{ get hminh`|m
tfm cezm`ig yezomz‐{ {tnp `g
tfm ]'['

@c pe} y`{f te {reg{ez n
cezm`ig yezomz( ez `c pe} yngt
te ogey yfmtfmz pe} kng jm
{reg{ezmd n{ n cezm`ig yezomz(
pe} gmmd te keg{}ht y`tf ng

mvrmz`mgkmd `aa`iznt`eg nt!
tezgmp te n{{m{{ pe}z rnzt`k}!
hnz {`t}nt`eg ngd mh`i`j`h`tp'
Rnim ;
N{`ng Le}zgnh ! &3>0) 494!2=66 S`{`t e}z ymj{`tm nt fttr<%%yyy'n{`ngle}zgnh}{n'kea
[mrtmajmz ; ! 0( :2>2
J}{`gm{{ ngd C`gngkm

Tfm J}zmn} ec @aa`izn!
t`eg‐{ {rmk`nh s`{n {kfmam cez
cezm`ig marhepmz{ kzmntmd
nhae{t :2(222 lej{ cez Amtze
Ang`hn zm{`dmgt{ {`gkm `t yn{
hn}gkfmd hn{t pmnz'

Tfm J@ {n`d gmnzhp :2(222
zm{`dmgt{ ec Amtze Ang`hn
ymzm f`zmd jp >:3 cezm`ig
j}{`gm{{amg nsn`hmd tfma!
{mhsm{ ec tfm nimgkp‐{ {rmk`nh
s`{n cez marhepamgt img!
mznt`eg &[SMI) rzeizna' N
tetnh ec 63 dmrmgdmgt{ nh{e
zmkm`smd [SMI s`{n{'

Tfm iesmzgamgt hn}gkfmd
tfm [SMI hn{t pmnz tfnt izngt{
`gdmg`tm {tnp te cezm`igmz{
ngd tfm`z dmrmgdmgt{ y`tf
J!@‐{ cezm`ig marhepmz s`{n
{kfmam kzmntm{ :2(222 lej{

`gsm{tamgt{ `g j}{`gm{{ mgtmz!
rz`{m{ marhep`gi >2 ez aezm
zmi}hnz ngd c}hh!t`am C`h`r`ge
yezomz{'

Tfm J@![SMI egm {ter
{fer mnzgmd tfm iesmzgamgt
aezm tfng R= a`hh`eg {`gkm tfm
rzeizna yn{ hn}gkf `g Nrz`h
hn{t pmnz'

Mhmktzeg`k `gsm{tamgt{ `g
tfm Rf`h`rr`gm{ ze{m te $462
a`hh`eg `g :220( }r :2 rmz!
kmgt czea ][$ 422 a`hh`eg `g
:226'

Tfm [ma`kegd}ktez ngd
Mhmktzeg`k{ @gd}{tz`m{ `g tfm
Mhmktzeg`k `gsm{tamgt{ ec $462A
`g :220 te kzmntm >:O lej{

Rf`h`rr`gm{ @gk' &[M@R@) {n`d
tfm `arzesmd `gsm{tamgt{ dntn
re`gt te n {tzegi zmkesmzp `g
tfm {mktez'

Tfmzm ymzm n tetnh ec 64
mhmktzeg`k{ za{ tfnt zmi`{!
tmzmd hn{t pmnz ec yf`kf 96
ymzm gmy rzelmkt{ yf`hm {`v
etfmz{ ymzm cez mvrng{`eg(
[M@R@ {n`d'

Anlez `gsm{tez{ `gkh}dm tfm
R0'0 j`hhh`eg Lnrngm{m!eygmd
Fepn Ihn{{ D`{o? Te{f`jn
@gcezant`eg M~}`ramgt &R>'>
j`hh`eg)? FRE@ &R:'>36 j`h!
h`eg)? @j`dmg &R640'966
a`hh`eg)? R:'; j`hh`eg( [TA`!
kzemhmktzeg`k{ @gk' &R>'233

j`hh`eg)? Tma`k N}teaet`sm
Rf`h`rr`gm{ @gk' &R334'> a`h!
h`eg)? Tn`pe P}dmg &R=22 a`h!
h`eg)? ngd G}aegpv Rf`h`r!
r`gm{ @gk'( &R0=0'4 a`hh`eg)'

Mzgm{te [ngt`nie( [M@R@
rzm{`dmgt( {n`d tfnt aezm tfng
>:(222 {o`hhmd mgi`gmmz{( tmkf!
g`k`ng{ ngd ermzntez{ ymzm

mvrmktmd te jm d`zmkthp ma!
rhepmd egkm tfm{m `gsm{tamgt{
ie `gte c}hh {tzmna ermznt`eg{'

Ng `gd}{tzp {t}dp {fey{
tfnt cez msmzp egm d`zmkt lej(
tfmzm nzm {msmg etfmz `gd`zmkt
lej{ tfnt y`hh jm kzmntmd'

‘Tf`{ amng{ khe{m te
>22(222 gmy lej{ errezt}g`!
t`m{ y`hh jm kzmntmd jmkn}{m ec
tfm{m `gsm{tamgt{(‑ fm {n`d'

@g h`gm y`tf tfm {tzegi
`gsm{tamgt{( [M@R@ fn{ nh{e
}rizndmd `t{ mvrezt tnzimt cez
mhmktzeg`k{ mvrezt{ cez :2>2(

czea >2 te >= rmzkmgt te >= te
:2 rmzkmgt n{ angp `gd}{tzp
rhnpmz{ zmreztmd {tzegi ezdmz{
czea k}{teamz{ njzend'

[ngt`nie {n`d tfnt znar!
`gi }r ec rzed}kt`eg ec angp
`gsm{tamgt{ rzelmkt{ ymzm
dmhnpmd `g :220 j}t ymzm
zmreztmd te jm nhh zehh`gi e}t

gey'
‘Y`tf tfm zmkesmz`gi
ihejnh mkegeap( `t `{ mvrmktmd

tfnt aezm `gsm{tamgt{ ye}hd
keam `g tfm ke}gtzp tf`{
pmnz(‑ [ngt`nie {n`d'

[M@R@ `{ tfm hmnd`gi ngd
tfm hnzim{t ezing`|nt`eg ec cez!
m`ig ngd C`h`r`ge {ma`kegd}k!

tez ngd mhmktzeg`k{ za{ `g tfm
ke}gtzp yfe{m amajmz{f`r
nkke}gt{ cez nhae{t tye!tf`zd{
ec tfm tetnh Rf`h`rr`gm{ mv!
rezt{ ec amzkfngd`|m ieed{'
! Czea Ieed Gmy{ Rf`h!
`rr`gm{
Cezm`ig {t}dmgt{ kegt`g}m
te eko te tfm Rf`h`rr`gm{(
y`tf n anlez`tp ec tfma mg!
zehh`gi `g hngi}nim {kfeeh{'

Tfm J}zmn} ec @aa`iznt`eg
{n`d n{ ec L}gm >=( n tetnh ec
3(4>3 cezm`ig {t}dmgt{ ymzm
`{{}md {t}dmgt s`{n{'

Tfm g}ajmz ec {t}dmgt s`!
{n{ `{{}md tf`{ pmnz `gkzmn{md
jp :2 rmzkmgt( kearnzmd te
tfm =(;4; hn{t pmnz( fm nddmd'

Tfm J}zmn} {n`d tfm {}zim
`g {t}dmgt s`{n nrrh`knt`eg{
ke}hd fmhr tfm Rf`h`rr`gm{
jmkeam tfm md}knt`egnh f}j `g

tfm N{`n!Rnk`k zmi`eg'

‘Ym y`hh kegt`g}m te heeo
cez ynp{ te h`jmznh`|m e}z z}hm{
eg {t}dmgt s`{n{ {e tfnt aezm
cezm`igmz{ y`hh jm mgke}znimd
te {t}dp fmzm(‑ J!@ {n`d'

Tfm i}zm{ ke}hd ie }r

c}ztfmz n{ f}gdzmd{ ec cezm`ig
{t}dmgt{ kegt`g}m te rzekm{{
tfm`z s`{n nrrh`knt`eg{'

Tfm{m k}zzmgt i}zm{ rmz!
tn`g te cezm`ig {t}dmgt{ yfe
fnd nrrh`md cez s`{n{ nt tfm
J@ an`g eckm `g @gtzna}ze{(
Aezm cezm`igmz{ eko`gi
te ZR te {t}dp hngi}nim{
Ang`hn' [t}dmgt s`{n nrrh`kn!
t`eg{ fnsm nh{e z`{mg `g J@
mhd eckm{ `g tfm k`t`m{ ec

Kmj}( Jni}`e( Dnsne( Ngim!
hm{( ngd @he`he( y`tf tfm k`t`m{
ec Kmj} ngd Jni}`e fns`gi
tfm ae{t g}ajmz ec cezm`ig
{t}dmgt{'

E}t ec tfm 3(4>3 {t}dmgt s`!
{n{ `{{}md tf`{ pmnz( >(69> nzm
cez gmykeamz{ ngd tfm zm{t cez
cezm`igmz{ nhzmndp {t}dp`gi
fmzm( tfm j}zmn} nddmd'

]gdmz J@ z}hm{( n kehhmim
ez }g`smz{`tp kngget nda`t
cezm`ig {t}dmgt{ cez mgzehamgt
}ghm{{ `t fn{ jmmg nkkzmd`tmd
ngd n}tfez`|md jp tfm J@'

&[tezp ke}ztm{p ec Rf`h`r!
r`gm [tnz)

Tfm
Rf`h`rr`gm{‐
{teko n{ n
dm{t`gnt`eg
ec ihejnh
zmtn`hmz{ ze{m
( nkkezd!
`gi te tfm
:220 Ihejnh
Zmtn`h Dm!
smheramgt

@gdmv ec
N'T' Omnz!
gmp'

Tfm Rf`h!
`rr`gm{ kh`ajmd te tfm :=tf
{ret e}t ec tfm ter ;2 dm{t`gn!
t`eg{( y`tf tfm ke}gtzp inzgmz!

`gi ng `gdmv {kezm ec 4>' Tfm
ke}gtzp cmhh te tfm :3tf {ret
hn{t pmnz d}m te z`{`gi `gnt`eg
`g N{`n ke}rhmd y`tf tfm ][
gngk`nh kz`{`{'

Tfm ngg}nh zmrezt zngo{
;2 mamzi`gi ke}gtz`m{ eg n
>22!re`gt {knhm' Tfm f`ifmz
tfm zngo`gi( tfm aezm }zimgt `t
`{ cez zmtn`hmz{ te mgtmz n ke}g!
tzp te kn{f `g eg `t{ keg{}a!
mz{‐ d`{re{njhm `gkeam ngd
{ferr`gi!{rzmm `ar}h{m{'

Tfm {}zsmp `{ jn{md eg
ce}z snz`njhm{< ke}gtzp z`{o(
anzomt nttznkt`smgm{{( anzomt
{nt}znt`eg( ngd t`am rzm{!

{}zm' N ke}gtzp `{ amn{}zmd

eg mnkf snz`njhm czea |mze
te >22( yf`kf `{ tfm f`ifm{t
{kezm'

Tfm Rf`h`rr`gm{ {kezmd
heymz `g ke}gtzp z`{o y`tf
:6 re`gt{? t`am rzm{{}zm( :0
rmzkmgt? ngd anzomt nttznkt`sm!
gm{{( ;> rmzkmgt' Feymsmz(
`t {kezmd f`ifmz `g tfm anz!
omt {nt}znt`eg kntmiezp nt 93
rmzkmgt'

Etfmz [e}tfmn{t N{`ng
ZR‐{ zngo n{ ihejnh
zmtn`h f}j `arzesm{

ke}gtz`m{ h`om S`mtgna zngomd
f`ifmz nt 3tf? Anhnp{`n( >2tf?
ngd @gdegm{`n( ::gd' Tfm
Rf`h`rr`gm{ feymsmz( yn{
nfmnd ec Tfn`hngd( yf`kf
rhnkmd :3tf'

N'T' Omnzgmp {n`d ke}g!
tz`m{ `g N{`n nzm ymhh re{`!
t`egmd cez ng mnzhp zmkesmzp
czea tfm mkegea`k kz`{`{'

‘Deam{t`k dmangd `{
fehd`gi }r ymhh `g ae{t anlez
anzomt{( _ize{{ deam{t`k
rzed}ktQ izeytf `{ kegt`g}`gi
nt n aedmzntm zntm( ngd tz`h!
h`eg{ ec dehhnz{ ec {esmzm`ig
zm{mzsm{ nzm rzes`d`gi iesmzg!
amgt{ ngd {tntm jngo{ y`tf
teeh{ cez nkt`eg(‑ tfm keg{}ht!

`gi za {n`d'

@t nddmd tfnt N{`ng ke}g!
tz`m{ nzm nh{e kegt`g}`gi tfm`z
dznant`k mkegea`k tzng{cez!
ant`eg' Deam{t`k keg{}ar!
t`eg `{ {t`hh n rz`anzp cek}{( n
tzmgd tfnt {fe}hd cnsez kegt`g!
}md `gkzmn{m `g zmtn`h esmz tfm
hegi tmza'

‘Tfm ihejnh mkegea`k
zmkm{{`eg fn{ get khe{md nhh
y`gdey{ ec errezt}g`tp cez
ezing`|md zmtn`h `g dmsmher`gi

anzomt{(‑ NT Omnzgmp {n`d'

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