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Spinor Structures and Nonlinear Connections in Vector Bundles, Generalized Lagrange and Finsler SpacesRatings:

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Published by Sergiu Vacaru

Author: Sergiu I. Vacaru ;

Published: J. Math. Phys. 37 (1996) 508-523

Published: J. Math. Phys. 37 (1996) 508-523

Author: Sergiu I. Vacaru ;

Published: J. Math. Phys. 37 (1996) 508-523

Published: J. Math. Phys. 37 (1996) 508-523

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/3759378/Spinor-Structures-and-Nonlinear-Connections-in-Vector-Bundles-Generalized-Lagrange-and-Finsler-Spaces

05/03/2010

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Spinor structures and nonlinear connections in vectorbundles, generalized Lagrange and Finsler spaces

Sergiu I. Vacaru

Institute of Applied Physics, Academy of Sciences, 5 Academy Str., Chisinau-028, Republic of Moldova

Received 11 January 1995; accepted for publication 21 June 1995

It is our purpose here to show that the spinor theory admits generalization forcurved spaces with local anisotropy

for example, for Finsler, Lagrange, and gen-eralized Lagrange spaces

. ©

1996 American Institute of Physics.

S0022-2488

95

02210-7

I. INTRODUCTION

The space–times with local anisotropy have generated growing interest in theoretical andmathematical physics.

1–8

In different models of locally anisotropic space–times one considersnonlinear and linear connections and metric structures in vector bundles

isotopic anisotropy

andtangent bundles

space–time anisotropy

on locally isotropic space–times

pseudo

-Riemannian,Einstein–Cartan, or more general types of curved spaces with torsion and nonmetricity

. It seemslikely that locally anisotropic space–times

la-spaces

make up a more convenient geometricalbackground for developing, in a self-consistent manner, classical and quantum statistical and ﬁeldtheories in dispersive media with radiational or turbulent and random processes. In this connec-tion, the formulation of spinor theory on la-spaces presents substantial interest. Questions onspinors and la-space geometry were considered, for example, in the frame of Finsler bundles onspace–time

5

and of the spinor gauge ﬁeld theory,

9

but up to the present, we do not have a

rigorous

mathematical deﬁnition of spinors on la-spaces.The aim of this paper is to present a geometric study of the Clifford and spinor structures invector and tangent bundles provided with nonlinear and linear connections and metric structuresand to formulate the spinor theory for spaces with the most general anisotropy of metric called

generalized Lagrange spaces

1,2,10

GL-spaces.The geometry of vector bundles, endowed with mutually adapted nonlinear connection, dis-tinguished connection and metric structures and the geometry of GL-spaces are brieﬂy reviewed inSect. II. Distinguished Clifford algebras are introduced in Sec. III. Then, in Sec. IV, we deﬁneClifford bundles and spinor structures on vector bundles and GL-spaces. Almost complex spinorstructures on GL-spaces are studied in Sec. V. A brief introduction into algebraic and geometrictheory of distinguished spinors in vector bundles and GL-spaces is given in Sec. VI. Finally, theresults presented in the paper are discussed in Sec. VII.

II. NONLINEAR CONNECTIONS IN VECTOR BUNDLES AND GENERALIZEDLAGRANGE SPACES

In this section we present for our further considerations the necessary deﬁnitions and basicresults on vector bundles and spaces with local anisotropy.

1,2,11,12

Let us introduce differentiable bundle spaces: the principal bundle, denoted as

P

P

,

,Gr,

M

where

P

and

M

are differentiable manifolds, map

:

P

→

M

is a differentiable surjection, and Gris the structural group, the vector bundle,

v

-bundle, denoted as

(

E

,

p

,

M

)

(

E

,

p

,Gr,

M

,

F

where differentiable manifolds

E

and

M

are called, respectively, the total

E

tot

and base

M

bas

spaces of

v

-bundle

, map

p

:

E

→

M

is a differentiable surjection, typical ﬁber

F

is areal vector space of dimension

m

, dim

F

m

, and as the structural group Gr of bundle

weconsider the group of linear transforms of

F

, i.e., Gr

GL

(

m

,

R

.

0022-2488/96/37(1)/508/16/$6.00508 J. Math. Phys.

37

(1), January 1996 © 1996 American Institute of Physics

Downloaded¬24¬Nov¬2005¬to¬139.57.131.77.¬Redistribution¬subject¬to¬AIP¬license¬or¬copyright,¬see¬http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp

For a base space

M

of dimension

n

, bundle

has

E

a space of dimension

n

m

. Localcoordinates on

are denoted as

u

(

u

)

(

x

i

,

y

a

), (

i

1,2,...,

n

), (

a

1,2,...,

m

), where

x

(

x

i

)are considered as local coordinates on

M

and

y

a

as coordinates on ﬁber

F

x

. Coordinate transformson

v

-bundle

are deﬁned as

u

x

i

,

y

a

→

u

x

i

,

y

a

,

1

where

x

k

x

k

(

x

k

), rank(

x

k

/

x

k

)

n

,

y

a

M

aa

x

y

a

,

M

aa

x

Gr,matrices

M

aa

have the property that for a superposition of coordinate transforms(

x

i

,

y

a

)

→

(

x

i

,

y

a

)

→

(

x

i

,

y

a

),

M

aa

x

M

aa

x

M

aa

x

,

M

aa

x

aa

.The concept of nonlinear connection, i.e.,

N

-connection, was introduced in the frame of Finsler geometry; the deﬁnition of

N

-connection as a global geometric structure was ﬁrst given inRef. 13

see related topics in Refs. 14 and 15

. In Refs. 1, 2, 9, and 10

N

-connection structures arestudied in detail.

Deﬁnition 1:

A nonlinear connection in a vector bundle

is a distribution

E

u

→

H

u

E

,

T

u

E

H

u

E

V

u

E

on

E

deﬁning a global decomposition, as a Whitney sum, intohorizontal,

HE

, and vertical,

VE

, subbundles of the tangent bundle

TE

:

TE

HE

VE

.

2

To a

N

-connection one associates a covariant derivation

X

A

X

i

A

a

x

i

N

ia

x

,

A

s

a

3

on

M

, where

s

a

are local linear independent sections of (

E

,

p

,

M

),

A

A

a

s

a

is a tensor ﬁeld in

E

,and

X

X

i

s

i

is a vector ﬁeld on

M

decomposed on local basis

s

i

.Differentiable functions

N

ia

from

3

written as functions on

x

i

and

y

a

,

N

ia

(

x

,

y

) are calledcoefﬁcients of the

N

-connection and satisfy these transformation laws under coordinate transforms

1

and

2

:

N

i

a

x

i

x

i

M

aa

N

ia

M

aa

x

x

i

y

a

.

Remark 1:

Linear connections are particular cases of

N

-connections, when

N

ia

(

x

,

y

) areparametized as

N

ia

(

x

,

y

)

K

abi

(

x

)

X

i

y

b

; functions

K

abi

(

x

) deﬁned on

M

are called as Christoffelcoefﬁcients.In vector bundle

we can introduce a local frame basis adapted to the given

N

-connection,

X

u

X

i

x

i

i

N

ia

x

,

y

y

a

,

X

a

y

a

y

a

.

4

The dual to

4

basis is deﬁned as

X

du

dX

i

x

i

dx

i

,

X

a

y

a

dy

a

N

ia

x

,

y

dx

i

.

4a

509Sergiu I. Vacaru: Spinors in locally anisotropic spacesJ. Math. Phys., Vol. 37, No. 1, January 1996

Downloaded¬24¬Nov¬2005¬to¬139.57.131.77.¬Redistribution¬subject¬to¬AIP¬license¬or¬copyright,¬see¬http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp

By using adapted bases

4

and

4a

one introduces algebra

DT

(

E

) of tensorial distinguishedﬁelds

d

-ﬁelds,

d

-tensors,

d

-objects

on

,

T

T

qs pr

which is equivalent to the tensorial algebra of the

v

-bundle

d

:

HE

VE

→

E

, hereafter brieﬂy denoted as

d

. An element

t

T

qspr

,

d

-tensor ﬁeldof type (

qs pr

) can be written in local form as

t

t

j

1

•••

j

q

b

1

•••

b

s

i

1

•••

i

p

a

1

•••

a

r

x

,

y

x

i

1

•••

x

i

p

dx

j

1

•••

dx

j

q

y

a

1

•••

y

a

r

y

b

1

•••

y

b

s

.In addition to

d

-tensors we can introduce

d

-objects with various group and coordinate trans-forms adapted to global splitting

2

. For example, we deﬁne linear

d

-connections in this form.

Deﬁnition 2:

A linear

d

-connection on

E

is a linear connection

D

on

E

conserving underparallelism the global decomposition

2

into horizontal and vertical sub-bundles of the tangentbundle

TE

.By using decompositions of

N

-adapted frames

4

we deﬁne components of connection

D

,

˜

, as covariant

D˜

-derivations of

X

:

D˜

X

:

D˜

X

X

˜

X

.Torsion

T ˜

and curvature

R˜

of connection

˜

can be introduced in standardmanner:

1,2,10

T ˜

X

,

X

T ˜

X

,where

T ˜

˜

˜

,

5

and, respectively,

R˜

(

X

,

X

,

X

)

R˜

X

, where

R˜

X

˜

X

˜

•

˜

˜

˜

˜

˜

.

6

In formulas

5

and

6

we have used nonholonomy coefﬁcients

w

of adapted frames, deﬁnedas

X

,

X

X

X

X

X

w

X

.

7

Let us consider

v

-bundle

(

E

,

p

,

M

) with paracompact base

M

.

Deﬁnition 3:

The metric structure

G

on total space

E

of vector bundle

is deﬁned as asecond-order covariant, tensor ﬁeld nondegenerate, and of constant signature.In the adapted frame metric

G

on

E

is expressed as

G

G

u

u

u

g

ij

x

,

y

dx

i

dx

j

q

ab

x

,

y

y

a

y

b

.

8

Deﬁnition 4:

Distinguished connection structure

D

on

E

is compatible with metric structure

G

on

E

if

D˜

G

0.

9

In Lagrange and Finsler geometry the basic geometric constructions are realized on the tan-gent bundle (

TM

,

,

M

) In this case, an

N

-connection, with local coefﬁcients

N

ji

(

x

k

,

y

l

) is associ-ated to a global Whitney sum decomposition:

TTM

HTM

VTM

.

10

510 Sergiu I. Vacaru: Spinors in locally anisotropic spacesJ. Math. Phys., Vol. 37, No. 1, January 1996

Downloaded¬24¬Nov¬2005¬to¬139.57.131.77.¬Redistribution¬subject¬to¬AIP¬license¬or¬copyright,¬see¬http://jmp.aip.org/jmp/copyright.jsp

Ghost--Free Massive f(R) Theories Modelled as Effective Einstein Spaces & Cosmic Acceleration

Summary Scientific Report 2011-2013

Scientific Report Vacaru Project IDEI 2013 Till 26 Sept

Published Works Vacaru Project IDEI 2013-09-26 Updated

06 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2013 Pana 24 Iulie

05 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2012

04 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2011

03 Vacaru Audit IDEI

02 Vacaru Publication List IDEI 2013-07-24 Up-dated

01_Title Page Advanced Research on Mathematical Physics Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza

Almost Kaehler Ricci Flows and Einstein and Lagrange-Finsler Structures on Lie Algebroids

Principles of Einstein-Finsler Gravity and Perspectives in Modern Cosmology

Fractional almost Kaehler - Lagrange geometry

Cyclic and Ekpyrotic Universes in Modified Finsler Osculating Gravity on Tangent Lorentz Bundles

Finsler Spinors and Twistors in Einstein Gravity and Modifications

Super-Luminal Effects for Finsler Branes as a Way to Preserve the Paradigm of Relativity Theories

Covariant Renormalizable Anisotropic Theories and Off-Diagonal Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs Solutions

Decoupling of EYMH Equations, Off-Diagonal Solutions, and Black Ellipsoids and Solitons

Metric Compatible or Noncompatible Finsler-Ricci Flows

2010 Publication list by S. Vacaru in MathSciNet

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

Locally Anisotropic Stochastic Processes in Fiber Bundles

Fedosov Quantization of Fractional Lagrange Spaces

Generalized Finsler Superspaces

New Classes of Off-Diagonal Cosmological Solutions in Einstein Gravity

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Ricci Flows and Solitonic pp-Waves

Spinors and Field Interactions in Higher Order Anisotropic Spaces

Einstein Gravity and Almost Kahler Variables and Stability of Gravity with Nonholonomic Distributions and Nonsymmetric Metrics

Generalized Finsler Superspaces

Covariant Renormalizable Anisotropic Theories and Off-Diagonal Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs Solutions

Clifford-Finsler Algebroids and Nonholonomic Einstein-Dirac Structures

Nonlinear Connections on Gerbes, Clifford-Finsler Modules, and the Index Theorems

Superstrings in Higher Order Extensions of Finsler Superspaces

Horizons and Geodesics of Black Ellipsoids

Perturbations and Stability of Black Ellipsoids

Finsler Spinors and Twistors in Einstein Gravity and Modifications

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows, Exact Solutions in Gravity, and Symmetric and Nonsymmetric Metrics

Fedosov Quantization of Fractional Lagrange Spaces

Two-Connection Renormalization and Non-Holonomic Gauge Models of Einstein Gravity

Spectral functionals, nonholonomic Dirac operators, and noncommutative Ricci flows

Decoupling of EYMH Equations, Off-Diagonal Solutions, and Black Ellipsoids and Solitons

Locally Anisotropic Gravity and Strings

Metric Compatible or Noncompatible Finsler-Ricci Flows

Yang-Mills Fields and Gauge Gravity on Generalized Lagrange and Finsler Spaces

Cyclic and Ekpyrotic Universes in Modified Finsler Osculating Gravity on Tangent Lorentz Bundles

Parametric Nonholonomic Frame Transforms and Exact Solutions in Gravity

Exact Solutions with Noncommutative Symmetries in Einstein and Gauge Gravity

BOOK Review of “The Geometry of Higher Order Hamilton Spaces”, by R. Miron (Kluwer, 2003)

Almost Kaehler Ricci Flows and Einstein and Lagrange-Finsler Structures on Lie Algebroids

Deformation Quantization of Almost Kahler Models and Lagrange-Finsler Spaces

Fedosov quantization of Lagrange-Finsler and Hamilton-Cartan spaces and Einstein gravity lifts on (co) tangent bundles

Finsler and Lagrange Geometries in Einstein and String Gravity

Branes and Quantization for an A-Model Complexification of Einstein Gravity in Almost Kahler Variables

Ghost--Free Massive f(R) Theories Modelled as Effective Einstein Spaces & Cosmic Acceleration

Twistors and Nearly Autoparallel Maps

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