Sergiu I. Vacaru
Physics Department, CSU Fresno, Fresno, California 93740-8031and Centro Multidisciplinar de Astroﬁsica—CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, Lisboa, 1049-001, Portugal
Physics Department, CSU Fresno, Fresno, California 93740-8031
Received 16 October 2001; accepted for publication 26 December 2001
In this article we construct and analyze new classes of wormhole and ﬂux tubelikesolutions for the 5D vacuum Einstein equations. These 5D solutions possess ge-neric local anisotropy which gives rise to a gravitational running or scaling of theKaluza–Klein ‘‘electric’’ and ‘‘magnetic’’ charges of these solutions. It is alsoshown that it is possible to self-consistently construct these anisotropic solutionswith various rotational 3D hypersurface geometries
i.e., ellipsoidal, cylindrical,bipolar and toroidal
. The local anisotropy of these solutions is handled using thetechnique of anholonomic frames with their associated nonlinear connection struc-tures
S. Vacaru, Ann. Phys.
; Nucl. Phys. B
;J. Math. Phys.
; J. High Energy Phys.
; Phys. Lett. B
. Through the use of the anholonomic frames the metrics are diago-nalized, in contrast to holonomic coordinate frames where the metrics would haveoff-diagonal components. In the local isotropic limit these solutions are shown tobe equivalent to spherically symmetric 5D wormhole and ﬂux tubesolutions. ©
2002 American Institute of Physics.
The ﬁrst solutions describing black holes and wormholes in 4D and higher dimensionalgravity were spherical symmetric solutions with diagonal metrics.
Later Salam, Strathee andPerracci
showed that including off-diagonal components in higher dimensional metrics is equiva-lent to including gauge ﬁelds. They concluded that geometrical gauge ﬁelds could act as sourcesof exotic matter necessary for the construction of a wormhole. References 3 and 4 examinedlocally isotropic solutions with off-diagonal metric components for 5D vacuum Einstein equations.These solutions were similar to spherically symmetric 4D wormhole or ﬂux tube metrics with‘‘electric’’ and/or ‘‘magnetic’’ ﬁelds running along the throat of the wormhole. These ‘‘electro-magnetic’’ ﬁelds arose as a consequence of the off-diagonal elements of the metric. By varyingcertain free parameters of the off-diagonal elements of the 5D metrics it was possible to changethe relative strengths of the ﬁelds in the wormhole’s throat, and to change the longitudinal andtransverse size of the wormhole’s throat. In Ref. 5 we constructed
wormhole and ﬂuxtube solutions, which reduced to the solutions of Refs. 3 and 4 in the isotropic limit. The anisot-ropy of these metrics was handled using the method of anholonomic frames with associatednonlinear connections, which has been developed by one of the authors
in Refs. 6 and 7. Itwas shown that these anisotropic solutions exhibited a variation or running of the ‘‘electromag-netic’’ parameters as a result of the angular anisotropies and/or through variations of the extraspatial dimension.In this article we extend the investigation of Ref. 5 by applying the anholonomic framesmethod to construct anisotropic wormhole and ﬂux tube solutions to 5D Kaluza-Klein theorywhich possess a range of different symmetries
elliptic, cylindrical, bipolar, toroidal
. We willdiscuss the physical consequences of these solutions, in particular the variation of the ‘‘electro-
JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 43, NUMBER 5 MAY 2002
24860022-2488/2002/43(5)/2486/19/$19.00 © 2002 American Institute of Physics
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