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Clean Coal in Japan

Clean Coal in Japan

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Published by: clpark on Sep 17, 2010
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Clean Coal Technologies in Japan
Technology Innovation in the Coal Industry
Japan Coal Energy Center
 
Technological Innovation in the Coal Industry
1
Clean Coal Technologies in Japan
PrefacePart 1 CCT Classifications 
(1) CCT Classifications in the Coal Product Cycle(2) Clean Coal Technology Systems(3) CCT in the Marketplace(4) CCT in Japanese Industries(5) Environmental Technologies(6) International Cooperation
Part 2 CCT Overview(1) Technologies for Coal Resources Development
1A1. Coal Resource Exploration Technology1A2. Coal Production Technology1A3. Mine Safety Technology1A4. Environment-friendly Resource Development Technology
(2) Coal-fired Power Generation TechnologiesA. Combustion Technologies
2A1.
High Efficiency Pulverized Coal-fired Power Generation Technology
 (Ultra Super Critical Steam Condition)2A2.
Circulating Fluidized-bed Combustion Technology (CFBC)
2A3.
Internal Circulating Fluidized-bed Combustion Technology (ICFBC)
2A4. Pressurized Internal Circulating Fluidized-bed CombustionTechnology (PICFBC)2A5. Coal Partial Combustor Technology (CPC)2A6.
Pressurized Fluidized-bed Combustion Technology (PFBC)
2A7. Advanced Pressurized Fluidized-bed CombustionTechnology (A-PFBC)
B. Gasification Technologies
2B1. Hydrogen-from-Coal Process (HYCOL)2B2. Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC)2B3.
Multi-purpose Coal Gasification Technology Development (EAGLE)
2B4. Integrated Coal Gasification Fuel Cell Combined CycleElectric Power Generating Technology (IGFC)2B5. Next-generation, High-efficiency Integrated Coal GasificationElectric Power Generating Process (A-IGCC/A-IGFC)
(3) Iron Making and General Industry TechnologiesA. Iron Making Technologies
3A1. Formed Coke Process (FCP)3A2. Pulverized Coal Injection for Blast Furnaces (PCI)3A3. Direct Iron Ore Smelting Reduction Process (DIOS)3A4. Super Coke Oven for Productivity and EnvironmentEnhancement toward the 21st Century (SCOPE21)3A5. Coke Dry Quenching Technology (CDQ)
B. General Industry Technologies
3B1. Fluidized-bed Advanced Cement Kiln System (FAKS)3B2. New Scrap Recycling Process (NSR)
(4) Multi-purpose Coal Utilization TechnologiesA. Liquefaction Technologies
4A1. Coal Liquefaction Technology Development in Japan4A2. Bituminous Coal Liquefaction Technology (NEDOL)4A3. Brown Coal Liquefaction Technology (BCL)4A4. Dimethyl Ether Production Technology (DME)
B. Pyrolysis Technologies
4B1. Multi-purpose Coal Conversion Technology (CPX)4B2. Efficient Co-production with
Coal Flash PartialHydropyrolysis Technology (ECOPRO)
C. Powdering, Fluidization, and Co-utilization Technologies
4C1. Coal Cartridge System (CCS)4C2. Coal Water Mixture Production Technology (CWM)4C3. Briquette Production Technology4C4. Coal and Woody Biomass Co-firing Technology
D. De-ashing and Reforming Technologies
4D1. Hyper-coal-based High-efficiency CombustionTechnology (Hyper-coal)4D2. Low-rank Coal Upgrading Technology (UBC Process)
(5) Environmental Protection TechnologiesA. CO
2
Recovery Technologies
5A1. Hydrogen Production by Reaction Integrated NovelGasification Process (HyPr-RING)5A2. CO
2
Recovery and Sequestration Technology5A3. CO
2
Conversion Technology5A4. Oxy-fuel Combustion (Oxygen-firing of ConventionalPCF System)
B. Flue Gas Treatment and Gas Cleaning Technologies 
5B1. SOx Reduction Technology5B2. NOx Reduction Technology5B3. Simultaneous De-SOx and De-NOx Technology5B4. Particulate Treatment Technology and Trace ElementRemoval Technology5B5. Gas Cleaning Technology
C. Technologies to Effectively Use Coal Ash
5C1. Coal Ash Generation Process and Application Fields5C2. Effective Use of Ash in Cement/Concrete5C3. Effective Use of Ash in Civil Engineering/Constructionand Other Applications5C4.
Technology to Recover Valuable Resources from Coal Ash
(6) Basic Technologies for Advanced Coal Utilization
6A1.
Modeling and Simulation Technologies for Coal Gasification
(7) Co-production Systems
7A1. Co-generation Systems7A2. Co-production Systems
Part 3 Future Outlook for CCTDefinitions, Conversions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------2-----------------------------------------------3--------------------3--------------------------------------5--------------------------------------------------6--------------------------------------------7------------------------------------------11----------------------------------------------13-------------------------------------------------------15-------------------------15----------------------------------------17---------------------------------------------19--21---------------------------23---25--26-------------------------------------------------28---------------------29---31-------------------------------------------------33-------------------------35-------37--39-----------------41-------42---------------------------------------43------------45---------47----------49------------------------51-------53---------------------------55-------57---------59-------------------61----------------63----------65--------------------------67-------------------------------------69----------70--------------------------------71-------------73--------------------------------------------75------77--------------------------------79----------------81---------------------------------------82-----------------------------------------------------------83----------------------------------------85----------------------------------------87-------------89-------------------------------------------------91------------------------------------------93-------95----------------------97----------------------------------------------99-----101----103-------------------------------------------107-------------------------------------------109----------------------------------------111-----------------------------------------------114
 
Fiscal year1.401.351.301.251.201.151.101.051.000.950.901990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042
Preface
Electric powergeneration
Coal consumption
Total primary energy supply
GDP
CO
2
emissions
Thermal powergeneration efficiency
CO
2
emissions/GDP
The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization(NEDO) and the Japan Coal Energy Center (JCOAL) have jointly prepared thisguide as a review of the history of "Clean Coal Technology (CCT)" in Japan, tosystematically describe the present state of CCT insofar as possible, and toprovide useful material for novel technological innovation.NEDO and JCOAL hope this brochure will be helpful in elucidating whyJapan’s CCT is an attractive technology in the ever-increasing complexity ofcoal utilization owing to global warming and other environmental issues. NEDOand JCOAL also hope this brochure will encourage rapid progress in CCTdevelopment and the foundation of innovative clean coal utilization systems.As described herein, CCT development in Japan has reached the world’shighest level of technological superiority, making the technology highlyattractive to Asian countries that depend on coal as an energy source. InJapan, coal consumption has rapidly increased since 1998, with gross thermalpower generation efficiency increasing from approximately 38% to 41% overthe past dozen or so years. In addition, emissions of CO
2
, SOx and NOx pergenerated power unit from thermal power plants are far below the level ofother industrialized countries. In this regard, CCT is expected to becomestandardized worldwide, satisfying both economic and environmentalrequirements by reducing CO
2
emissions and maintaining GDP growth.Technological innovation has no boundaries; significant progress can beattained sustainably and progressively. Patient, consistent efforts to build ontechnological developments can support a continually evolving society. NEDOand JCOAL are confident this publication will contribute to CCT developmentand we look forward to the emergence of dramatic technological innovations inthe coal industry.
Increase in coal consumption and economic, environmental, and energy trends in Japan (1990-2004)

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