The Logic of Symbolic LogicByAnthony J. Fejfar, B.A., J.D., Esq., Coif ©Copyright 2010 by Anthony J. Fejfar The starting, Foundational Principle for Symbolic Logic is the Concrete LogicalPrinciple of Non-Contradiction. It is Self-Evident, and confirmed by sense experience,that you cannot have (A)pple and not (A)pple at the same time. Thus, put moreabstractly, you cannot have A and –A at the same time. This leads to the CorollaryPrinciple that an idea cannot be both True and False at the same time. An idea is either True or False. This provides the basic test for all further logical syllogisms of SymbolicLogic. The test for validity of a syllogism is whether or not it involves a logicalcontradiction, if it does not, then it is logically valid, or True. Put another way, it can be proven that there are logical syllogisms which are reasonably valid, and which providethe basis for reasonable rules.We can start by considering the logical syllogism: If A, then B, A, therefore,B. This is the causal syllogism. Putting this in a testing format, we start with thefollowing: Assume that if A, then, B, A, therefore, B. Then, we logically analyze theforegoing to see if this syllogism results in a logical contradiction.1.Assume that if A, then, B, A, therefore, B.2.Assume that A is not B, and, that B is not A.3.Assume A.4.From A, derive B.5.A is not B.