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12 Marker-Assisted Selection Lec

12 Marker-Assisted Selection Lec

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Published by vijjumandula

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Published by: vijjumandula on Sep 17, 2010
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10/18/2010

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Marker Assisted Selection 
 
MARKER ASSISTED BREEDING
Selection of a genotype carrying a desirable gene or genecombination via linked markers is called Marker assistedselection (MAS)
Breeders practice MAS when an important trait that isdifficult to assess, is tightly linked to another Mendelian traitwhich can be easily scored
For e.g. gene for purple coleoptile color in some traditionalrice varieties is closely linked to a gene that confers resistance toBPH in a segregating population like F2, about 95% of theplants showing purple coleoptile are found resistant to BPH
 
I
n this case coleoptile color is a morphological markerwhich is used to assist selection for BPH resistance
Marker-assisted selection is the most widely usedapplication of DNA markers.
MAS involves the scoring for the presence or absence of adesired plant phenotype indirectly based on DNA bandingpattern of linked marker system

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