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soil nail

soil nail

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Published by: osamosa on Sep 17, 2010
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Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.
FHWA
0-IF-03-017
2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.5. Report Date
March 2003
4. Title and Subtitle
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING CIRCULAR NO. 7Soil Nail Walls
 
6. Performing Organization Code7. Author(s)
Carlos A. Lazarte, Ph.D., P.E., Victor Elias, P.E., R. David Espinoza,Ph.D., P.E., Paul J.
Sabatini,
Ph.D., P.E.
8. Performing Organization Report No.10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)9. Performing Organization Name and Address
GeoSyntec Consultants10015 Old Columbia Road, Suite A-200Columbia, Maryland 21046
 
11. Contract or Grant No.
DTFH61-00-C-00109
 
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Technical Manual, 2001-2002
 
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Technology ApplicationOffice of Engineering/Bridge DivisionFederal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation400 Seventh Street, S.W.Washington, D.C. 20590
 
14. Sponsoring Agency Code15. Supplementary Notes
FHWA Technical Consultant: J.A. DiMaggio, P.E. (HIBT-20)Contracting Officer Technical Representative (COTR): Chien-Tan Chang (HTA-22)
 
16. Abstract
This document presents information on the analysis, design, and construction of soil nail walls inhighway applications. The main objective is to provide practitioners in this field with sound and simplemethods and guidelines that will allow them to analyze, design, and construct safe and economicalstructures. This document updates information contained in FHWA-SA-96-069R (Byrne et al., 1998).The focus is on soil nailing techniques that are commonly used in the U.S. practice. The contents of this document include: an introduction, a chapter on applications and feasibility, descriptions andguidelines for field and laboratory testing in soil nailing applications, descriptions of the common U.S. practice, analysis and design of soil nail walls, chapters on contracting approach and technicalspecifications and design examples. Because of the popularity of the Allowable Stress Design (ASD)method [also known as Service Load Design (SLD)] among practitioners, the methods presented in thisdocument are based on the ASD method.
17. Key Word
soil nailing, soil nail walls, soil nail testing,shotcrete, soil nail wall design, soil nailingspecifications
18. Distribution Statement
 No restrictions.
19. Security Classification (of this report)
Unclassified
20. Security Classification (of this page)
Unclassified
21. No. of Pages
XXX
22. Price
Form DOT F 1700.7
 
Reproduction of completed page authorized
 
 
SI CONVERSION FACTORSAPPROXIMATE CONVERSIONS FROM SI UNITSSymbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol
LENGTH
mm
 
millimeters
 
0.039
 
inches
 
in
 
m
 
meters
 
3.28
 
feet
 
ft
 
m
 
meters
 
1.09
 
yards
 
yd
 
km
 
kilometers
 
0.621
 
miles
 
mi
 AREA
mm
2
 
square millimeters
 
0.0016
 
square inches
 
in
2
 
m
2
 
square meters
 
10.764
 
square feet
 
ft
2
 
m
2
 
square meters
 
1.195
 
square yards
 
yd
2
 
ha
 
hectares
 
2.47
 
acres
 
ac
 
km
2
 
square kilometers
 
0.386
 
square miles
 
mi
2
 VOLUME
ml
 
millimeters
 
0.034
 
fluid ounces
 
fl oz
 
m
3
 
liters
 
0.264
 
gallons
 
gal
 
m
3
 
cubic meters
 
35.71
 
cubic feet
 
ft
3
 
l
 
cubic meters
 
1.307
 
cubic yards
 
yd
3
 MASS
g grams 0.035 ounces ozkg kilograms 2.202 pounds lb
TEMPERATURE
º
C Celsius 1.8 C + 32 Fahrenheit
º
F
WEIGHT DENSITY
kN/m
3
kilonewton / cubic meter 6.36 poundforce / cubic foot pcf 
FORCE and PRESSURE or STRESS
 N newtons 0.225 poundforce lbf kN kilonewtons 225 poundforce lbf kPa kilopascals 0.145 poundforce / square inch psikPa kilopascals 20.9 poundforce / square foot psf 
 
 i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors would like to express their appreciation to Mr. Jerry A. DiMaggio, P.E., of the U.S.Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Office of TechnologyApplications, for providing valuable technical assistance and review during preparation of the document.The authors would also like to thank Mr. Chien-Tan Chang (FHWA) for providing technical assistance.The authors would also like to thank the following individuals who served on the Technical WorkingGroup for this project and reviewed the document:
 
Chad Allen - Vermont DOT
 
Richard Barrows - Federal Lands Highway Division
 
Kathryn Friswell - CALTRANS
 
Curtis Monk - FHWA
 
Kevin McLain - Missouri DOT
 
Barry Siel - FHWA
 
Jan Six - Oregon DOTThe authors would like to thank The International Association of Foundation Drilling (ADSC) for reviewing this document and providing helpful comments. In particular the authors would like to thank the ADSC panel members that participated in the review:
 
Scot Litke - ADSC liaison
 
Kerry Allen - Dywidag Systems International (Coordinator)
 
Tom Armour - DBM Contractors (Co-coordinator)
 
Ernie Brandi - Schnabel Foundation
 
Jim Porterfield - DBM Contractors
 
Bill Powers - Hayes Drilling
 
Tom Richards - Nicholson Construction
 
Terry Tucker - Richard GoettleFinally the authors would like to thank the following GeoSyntec Consultants personnel: Dr. RobertBachus for senior reviewing, Mr. Douglas Mandeville for performing stability analyses, Ms. ShanaOpdyke for proofreading the manuscript, Ms. Lynn Johnson for word processing, editing, and assistingin the layout of the document, and Mr. James O’Connor for drafting.

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