Myers-Briggs: An introduction to Personality Types & the MBTI
Personality Type or Psychological Type
are terms most commonly associated with themodel of personality development created by Isabel Briggs Myers (aka Briggs Meyer, MeyerBriggs, Briggs Myers, Myer Briggs) the author of the world's most widely used personalityinventory, the
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
. ® Myers and her mother,Katharine Briggs, developed their model and inventory around the ideas and theories of psychologist Carl Jung, a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and a leading exponent of Gestaltpersonality theory.Beginning in the early 1940's, Myers & Briggs extended Jung's model with the initialdevelopment of the
. They put Jung's concepts into language that could be understoodand used by the average person. Isabel Myers' book
, publishedposthumously in 1980, provided a comprehensive introduction to the Jung/Myers theory.Myers' book and her philosophy of celebrating human diversity anticipated the workplacediversity movement.The MBTI is a registered trademark of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust and is published byCPP, Inc (formerly Consulting Psychologist Press) who also distributes the Inventory. TheMBTI is available from CPP and its licensees in approximately 20 foreign languages. Inaddition, alternate versions of the inventory have been scientifically customized andvalidated for other languages and cultures for which a straight translation of Englishlanguage terms would yield inaccurate results.The
enter for Applications of Psychological Type (
is a non-profit educationalorganization founded by Myers and psychologist Mary McCaulley to promote continuedresearch into psychological type and application of psychological type to foster enhancedpersonal development, increased human understanding, and improved management of human conflict. Another non-profit organization,
The Association for Psychological Type(APT)
is an international member education and certifying organization for professionalswho use type in their occupations and professional practices. Membership is also open to laypersons who want to enrich their understanding and application of type.
The Basic Model - 2 Kinds of Mental Processes, 2 Kinds of Mental Orientations2 Kinds of Mental Processes
In her studies of people and extensive reading of Jung's theories, Myers concluded therewere four primary ways people differed from one another. She labeled these differences"preferences" - drawing a similarity to "hand preferences" to illustrate that although we alluse both of our hands, most of us have a preference for one over the other and "it" takesthe lead in many of the activities in which we use our hands.The
set of mental preferences relates to how people
or take ininformation. In the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator - MBTI Type Code, this is the second letter.Those who prefer
Perception favor clear, tangibledata and information that fits in well with their direct here-and-now experience.