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Writing and Structuring the Extended Essay

Writing and Structuring the Extended Essay

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Published by IB Screwed
Outline of the five paragraph essay. Writing style, materials to use, word limits and appearance.
Outline of the five paragraph essay. Writing style, materials to use, word limits and appearance.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: IB Screwed on Sep 17, 2010
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Writing and Structuring the Extended Essay
Your first port of call should be the
Extended Essay Guide
 put out by the IBO, where it details the nature of the essay and outlines the differences between subjects. The structure of your extended essay will vary slightly, depending on the subject you do. However, regardless of this, it is still an essay and should follow the conventions of an essay. Before writing your essay, you should do a
plan or outline
 for your arguments. This will begin by defining your research question and title. You should narrow your focus on the subject to something
specific and suitable
 to the nature of the assignment. You should then focus on formulating points that directly relate to this question. Remember that this is a formal essay, and your register should reflect this.
Writing Style
If you use subheadings, they should be clear, concise and in a
logical succession
. All information beneath them should be related to the main idea of the section. Have a variety of transitions to
demonstrate the connections between your arguments
, and how they support your research question. Use a
variety of sentence structures
 and
lengths
. Use precise and effective vocabulary, appropriate to the subject. Check and
proofread
 your work to ensure that there are no spelling or grammar mistakes.
A Five-Paragraph Essay
This is a way of logically presenting an argument, assessing three different aspects of an idea, in order to prove your thesis. The introduction and conclusion summarise these points and illustrate how they work together to prove your point.
 
 
1.
 
Introduction
, clearly highlighting the research question, thesis statement, background information and real-life applications of the topic.
It should “grab” the reader’s attention and interest them.
You should specify why the topic is interesting, important or worthy of study. State your arguments in the order they appear in the essay. However, if this is too long, you are likely to lose marks. 2.
 
Body
 
 –
 should be a smooth continuation from your introduction. Each paragraph should have a central idea. Do not repeat yourself throughout your arguments.
 
a.
 
 Argument one
 
 –
 Open with a sub-thesis statement in your topic sentences. This may be divided into a few smaller, related points, with a sub-conclusion at the end. You must be careful that all your arguments are related to your thesis, and that they are presented in a logical order. b.
 
 Argument two
 
 –
 Open with a sub-thesis statement in your topic sentences. This may be divided into a few smaller, related points, with a sub-conclusion at the end. This point should develop the ideas presented in the first argument, creating a flow. c.
 
 Argument three
 
 –
 Open with a sub-thesis statement in your topic sentences. This may be divided into a few smaller, related points, with a sub-conclusion at the end. This will continue to build upon the previous points. Throughout all your points, ensure that you have balanced information and your arguments. Any sources that you mention should be pertinent and analysed well. 3.
 
Conclusion
 
 –
 You should restate your thesis, giving a summary of your arguments, finishing with any final thoughts for the reader to consider. The arguments and sources must support the conclusion you make. Your conclusion should be very clear and provide a final response to your research question. You should also mention further unanswered questions that came out of the research.
 
Each of the arguments in the body may be treated like a mini-essay; however there should still be strong unity between them. The most important thing throughout your entire essay is to make sure that every point relates to and proves your thesis.
 
 
Material to Use
Throughout your researching, you are likely to accumulate a lot of information and resources. However, you must ensure that you only use those that
relate to your thesis
; otherwise you will simply have too much.
Background Information
It is important to include background information because your topic will be very specialised. You could assume that the readers know as much as you did before you did your research, and then include anything beyond that. This information can be include with the
introduction
, or in the
body of the essay
 as it is needed. If you use the latter, you need to make sure that it still flows, and that the order of your arguments is suitable for this.
The Word Limit
It is essential that you remain within the word limit for the essay, otherwise you will be penalised. Also, do not lie about the number of words
 –
 the examiners can tell! The word limit
includes
: the introduction, body, conclusion and quotations. It
does not include
: the abstract, acknowledgements, contents page, diagrams, maps, charts, tables, references, bibliography and appendices.
The Final Appearance
Your essay should include the following sections, each clearly labelled:
 
Thorough title page with a clear title
 
Abstract
 
Contents page
 
Introduction
 
Body

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