WIS - IB - TOK - Scheme of Work Lesson Plans
Lesson 1 - The Scientific MethodTextbook : LagemaatSummary and background
This lesson is all about where the Scientific Method comes from and what it’s about, so that they see that it’s aprogression from earlier forms of thought where knowledge was based on faith, authority and tradition. You canhint at the fact that earlier philosophers attempted to use reason to understand the world and to ‘know’ things –eg. Aristotle, but that for thousands of years reason had been ignored as societies all over the world had only afew important, often religious people in a position to disseminate information (or more pressing concerns).
Task 1 – Sheet
- This is an important but difficult part of the lesson – they should get the idea that St ThomasAquinas started us all on the modern road to reason – and Hume & Berkeley pointed us towards scientificreason as a way to understand things. They can try answering the questions, or summarise each philosopher’sideas in groups and then report back to the class. You decide the best method. (10 -20 min) It’s purposefullyhard to make them all concentrate. You can also talk about Common Sense, what is it? Is it any good?
Task 2 – Video
- You can now play them ‘Is News Real’ which neatly summarises the whole evolution of thought and leaves us in the modern quantum age of uncertainty….(3min)
Task 3 - Powerpoint
– they may want to make notes – it’s about introducing some of the things that they needto notice over the next few lessons – it shouldn’t be too serious – just a quick wiz through some things they willforget but keep coming back to. (5-10 min) – Most is in their book – Mentions Hume, Popper and Falsification
Task 4 – Powerpoint
– One slide – could even be written on the board – they need to come up with their version of the scientific method – it doesn’t matter if they’re right (5-10min) – they ought to be at least shownan accurate version of the SM – there’s not really ONE answer – there’s one in the last Powerpoint
Task 5 – Video
– This is the greatest Physicist ever – Richard Feynmann – discoverer of one of the mostaccurately tested theories ever - ‘inventor’ of Quantum Electro Dynamics (QED) – he’s talking about whatScience is, how theories change and knowledge moves on. He hints at Paradigm Shifts. (3min)
Optional Task 6 – Sheet
- ‘Why is Science so Powerful?’ – Can be read – it’s an essay on Science, you canuse it to get them to disagree or point out any fallacies in the text (5 – 10min)
Task 7 – Video
– The Scientific Method in Monty Python – A professor of Philosophy (don’t know his name)using the Monty Python and the Holy Grail film to show how the method can be applied to anything. You willneed to keep pausing it. (10-15min)
Task 8 – Powerpoint
– The Scientific Method – If you don’t have time they can watch it online on my websitefor HW and make notes. (10min)
Task 9 – HW
– complicated stuff about Philosophers commenting on Science – they could summarise eachone – special focus needs to be on Popper and the whole idea that science is about falsification, and also Kuhnwho suggested that Science moves forwards with revolution’s in thought
New ideas, new uses of the resources, comments
There are also some spare resources – a useful sheet on Popper (taken from the HW sheet) + a few other things. If you find anything extra please let me know firstname.lastname@example.org also go tohttp://knowledgetheory.blogspot.com/ for more of the same ideas and all the powerpoints and videos.