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Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/Alternative Medicine: A Worldwide Review

Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/Alternative Medicine: A Worldwide Review

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Published by Ivan Roca
National policies are the basis for defining the role of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine in national health care programmes, ensuring that the necessary regulatory and legal mechanisms are created for promoting and maintaining good practice; assuring authenticity, safety and efficacy of traditional and complementary/alternative therapies; and providing equitable access to health care
resources and information about those resources.As seen in this review, national recognition and regulation of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine vary considerably. The World Health Organization works with countries to develop policies most appropriate for their situations. This document provides information on the legal status of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine in a number of countries. It is intended to facilitate the development of legal frameworks and the sharing of experiences between countries by introducing what some countries have done in terms of regulating traditional and complementary/alternative medicine. This information will be beneficial not only to policy-makers, but also to researchers, universities, the public, insurance companies and pharmaceutical industries.
National policies are the basis for defining the role of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine in national health care programmes, ensuring that the necessary regulatory and legal mechanisms are created for promoting and maintaining good practice; assuring authenticity, safety and efficacy of traditional and complementary/alternative therapies; and providing equitable access to health care
resources and information about those resources.As seen in this review, national recognition and regulation of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine vary considerably. The World Health Organization works with countries to develop policies most appropriate for their situations. This document provides information on the legal status of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine in a number of countries. It is intended to facilitate the development of legal frameworks and the sharing of experiences between countries by introducing what some countries have done in terms of regulating traditional and complementary/alternative medicine. This information will be beneficial not only to policy-makers, but also to researchers, universities, the public, insurance companies and pharmaceutical industries.

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Published by: Ivan Roca on Sep 18, 2010
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11/01/2011

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Legal Status of Traditional Medicine andComplementary/Alternative Medicine:A Worldwide Review
 
 
© World Health Organization 2001
This document is not a formal publication of the World Health Organization (WHO), and all rightsare reserved by the Organization. The document may, however, be freely reviewed, abstracted,reproduced and translated, in part or in whole, but not for sale or for use in conjunction withcommercial purposes.The views expressed in this documents by named authors are solely the responsibility of thoseauthors.
 
 
Acknowledgements
The World Health Organization (WHO) acknowledges its indebtednessto our Member States, regional offices, and WHO Member Staterepresentative offices for actively providing data on the practice andlegal status of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine intheir countries and regions. Thanks is also expressed to thoseinternational professional organizations, such as the World Federationof Acupuncture and Moxibustion Societies, World Federation of Chiropractic, World Chiropractic Alliance, and Liga MedicorumHomeopathica Internationalis,
 
who provided valuable informationspecific to their relevant therapies. We especially thank Mr NeilCummings (Canada), Mr Josh Gagne (USA), Ms Sophie Lasseur(France), Ms Yong Li (China), Mr Stefano Maddalena (Switzerland), MsMagali Ramillien (France), Ms Valerie Truong (Canada), and MrGuoliang Zhang (China) for drafting and revising the document and MsKathleen Sheridan (Netherlands) and Ms Diane Whitney (USA) forediting the final draft.Appreciation is extended to the Norwegian Royal Ministry of Healthand Social Affairs for providing the financial support to print thisreview.

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