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A Testament of Hope the Essential Writings of Martin Luther King Jr.

A Testament of Hope the Essential Writings of Martin Luther King Jr.

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A Time to Break Silence and Where do we go from here?
A Time to Break Silence and Where do we go from here?

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Published by: gkbea3103 on Sep 18, 2010
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A
TEST MENT
OF
HOPE
he
Essential Writings
of
Martin Luther King
Jr
dited
y
James Melvin Washington
HarperSanFrancisco
Divisionof
Harpcr ollinsPublishers
 
A
TF STAMENT
OF
HOPE
Copyright
©
1986 by
Coretta
Scott King, Executrix
01
the Estate
of
Martin Luther
King, Jr.
Introduction and
explanatory notes copy
right
© 1986 by
James
Melvin Washington. All rights reserved.
Printed
in
the
United States
of
America. No
part
of
this book may be used or
reproduced
In
any
manner
whatsoever without written permission except in the case of
britt
quotations
embodied
in critical articles
and
review. For information
addr'll
HarperCollins Publishers, 10 East
53rd
Street, New York, NY 10022.
FIRST
HARPERCOLLINS
PAPERBACK
EDITION
PUBLISHED
IN 1991.
Library
of
Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
King.
Martin Luther, Jr.,
1929-1968.
A testament
of
hope:
the essential writings
and
speeches
of
Martin
Luther
King, Jr. /
edited
by
James
Melvin
Washington.-
 t
HarperCollins
pbk. ed.
p.
em. Includes bibliographical references
and
index. ISBN
0-06-064691-8
(alk. paper) 1.
Afro-Americans-Civil
rights. 2. United
States-Race
relations,
l.
Washington,
James
Melvin.
II.
Title
EI8l5.97.K5A25 1991
5 ~
1'19607B-dc20
90-4820 l
CIP
91 92 9495
RRD(H)
1098765482
Thl.
edition I.
printed on acid-free
paper that
meets the American National
Stlmdllrds Institute Z89,48 Standard,
DEDIC TED
TO
Bishop Desmond
Tutu and
all
those who struggle
for freedom and justice
in
South
Africa
"The
only solution
to South
Africa's
crisis is
for
whites
to
accept blacks
as
human
beings."
-
The
Right
Reverend
Desmond
Tutu,
Anglican Bishop
of
Johannesburg,
14
August
1
985
 
 ~ _
 
\
.
IF
41t;:;: .
I ·
Our
aim must never be to defeat
or
humlUate
the
white man
but
to
win his
friendship
and
understanding.
We
must come
to
see
that the end
we
seek
is a
society
at peace
with
itself a society
that
can
live
with
its
conscience.
That
will
be
a
day
not
of
the
white
man,
not
of
the
black
man.
That
will
be
the
day
of
man
as
man.
I
know
you
are
asking
today
How
long
will it
take?
I
come to
say
to
you
this
afternoon
however
difficult
the
moment, however frustrating
the
hour,
it will
not be
long,
because
truth
pressed to
earth
will
rise again. How
long?
Not
long,
because
no
lie
can
live
forever.
How
long?
Not
long,
because
you still
reap
what
you sow.
How
long?
Not
long. Because
the arm
of
the
moral universe
is
long
but
it
bends toward justice. How
long?
Not
long,
'cause mine
eyes
have
seen
the
glory
of
the
com-ing
of
the
Lord, trampling
out the
vintage where
the
grapes
of
wrath
are
stored.
He
has
loosed
the
fateful
lightning
of
his
terrible
swift
sword. His
truth
is
marching on. He has sounded
forth the trumpets that
shall
never
call
retreat.
He
is
lifting
up the hearts of
man
before
His
judgment
seat.
Oh,
be
swift my
soul,
to
answer
Him.
Be
jubilant,
my feet.
Our
God
is
marching
on.
Unpublished
transcription
of
a
recording
of
this speech
provided
by Richard Newman
noted hlstorian
of
Afsican American
religion
and
an archivist at the New York Public Llbrllry.
40
Time
t
Break Silence
Dr.
King
delivered this historic address at a meeting
of
Clergy
and
Laity Con-cerned. The meeting was held at the Riverside Church in New York City on 4
pril
1967
exactly a year before he was assassinated. Although this was not the first time he
had
expressed opposition to the Vietnam War, it was thefirst time he linked it to the cioil rights movement.
nd
it was the first time that he directly attacked the Johnson administration s
war
policy.
I
come to
this
magnificent house
of
worship
tonight
because
my
con-science
leaves
me
no
other
choice.
I
join
with
you in
this
meeting
be-
cause
I
am
in
deepest
agreement
with
the
aims
and
work
of
the
organi-
zation which has
brought
us
together:
Clergy
and
Laymen
Concerned
about Vietnam.
The
recent
statement
of
your executive committee are
the
sentiments
of
my
own
heart
and
I
found
myself
in full
accord when
I
read
its
opening
lines:
A
time
comes
when
silence
is
betrayal.
That
time has come for
us in
relation to
Vietnam.
The
truth
of
these
words
is
beyond
doubt but the
mission to
which they
call us is a
most
difficult
one.
Even
when pressed
by
the
demands
of
inner
truth,
men
do
not
easily
assume
the
task
of
opposing
their
govern-ment's
policy especially in
time
of
war.
Nor
does
the human
spirit move
without great
difficulty
against
all
the
apathy
of
conformist
thought
within
one's
own
bosom and
in
the surrounding
world.
Moreover when
the
issues
at
hand
seem
as
perplexed
as
they often do
in
the
case
of
this
dreadful
conflict
we
are
always
on
the
verge
of
being mesmerized
by un-
certainty;
but
we
must
move
on. Some
of
us
who have
already
begun to break
the
silence
of
the
night
have
found that
the
calling
to
speak
is
often
a
vocation
of
agony
but
we
must
speak.
We
must speak
with
all
the
humility that
is
appropriate
to
our
limited
vision
but
we
must speak.
And
we
must
rejoice
as well
for
surely this
is
the
first
time
in
our
nation's
history
that
a significant
num-
ber
of
its
religious
leaders have
chosen
to
move
beyond
the
prophesying
of
smooth patriotism
to
the
high grounds
of
a
firm dissent
based upon
the
mandates
of
conscience
and
the
reading
of
history.
Perhaps
a
new spirit
is
rising
among
us.
If
it is
let
us
trace
its
movement
well
and pray that
our
own
inner being
may
be
sensitive
to
its
guidance, for
we
are
deeply
in
need
of
a
new
way
beyond
the
darkness
that
seems
so close
around
us.
281

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