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Principles of Computer Tomography Imaging

Principles of Computer Tomography Imaging

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Published by: omarbenhagi on Sep 18, 2010
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ComputerizedTomographicImaging
Avinash C. Kak
School of Electrical EngineeringP undue University
Malcolm Slaney
Schfumberger Palo Alto Research
Electronic Copy (c) 1999 by A. C. Kak and Malcolm SlaneyCopies can be made for personal use only.
+
IEEEe PRESS
The lnstbte of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., New York
 
IEEE PRESS1987 Editorial BoardR. F. Cotellessa, Editor in ChiefJ. K. Aggarwal. Editor, Selected Reprint SeriesGlen Wade, Editor, Special Issue SeriesJames AylorF. S. BarnesJ. E. BrittainB. D. CarrolAileen CavanaghD. G. ChildersH. W. ColbornJ. F. HayesW. K. JenkinsA. E. Joel, Jr.Shlomo KarniR. W. LuckyR. G. MeyerSeinosuke NaritaJ. D. RyderA. C. SchellL. G. ShawM. I. SkolnikP. W. SmithM. A. SoderstrandM. E. Van ValkenburgJohn ZaborskyW. R. Crone, Managing EditorHans P. Leander, Technical EditorLaura J. Kelly, Administrative AssistantRandi E. Scholnick and David G. Boulanger, Associate EditorsThis book is set in Times Roman.Copyright 0 1988 byTHE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS, INC.345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017-2394All rights reserved.PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICAIEEE Order Number: PC02071Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataKak, Avinash C.Principles of computerized tomographic imaging.“Published under the sponsorship of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine andBiology Society.”Includes bibliographies and index.1. Tomography. I. Slaney, Malcolm.II. IEEE Engineering in Medicine andBiology Society. Ill. Title.RC78.7.T6K35 1987616.07’57287-22645ISBN O-87942-1 98-3
 
Contents
Preface
ix
I Introduction
References 3
2 Signal Processing Fundamentals
2.1 One-Dimensional Signal Processing 5
Continuous and Discrete One-Dimensional Functions
l
LinearOperations
l
Fourier Representation
l
Discrete Fourier Transform(DFT)
l
Finite Fourier Transform
l
Just How Much Data Is Needed?
l
Interpretation of the FFT Output
l
How to Increase the DisplayResolution in the Frequency Domain
l
How to Deal with Data Definedfor Negative Time
l
How to Increase Frequency Domain DisplayResolution of Signals Defined for Negative Time
l
Data TruncationEffects
2.2 Image Processing 28
Point Sources and Delta Functions
l
Linear Shift Invariant Operations
l
Fourier Analysis
l
Properties of Fourier Transforms
l
TheTwo-Dimensional Finite Fourier Transform
l
Numerical Implementationof the Two-Dimensional FFT
2.3 References 47
3 Algorithms for Reconstruction with Nondiffracting Sources
3.1 Line Integrals and Projections 493.2 The Fourier Slice Theorem 563.3 Reconstruction Algorithms for Parallel Projections 60
The Idea
l
Theory
l
Computer Implementation of the Algorithm
3.4 Reconstruction from Fan Projections 75
Equiangular Rays
l
Equally Spaced Collinear Detectors
l
A Re-sortingAlgorithm
3.5 Fan Beam Reconstruction from a Limited Number of Views 933.6 Three-Dimensional Reconstructions 99
Three-Dimensional Projections
l
Three-Dimensional FilteredBackprojection
549

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