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CVT by Areva

CVT by Areva

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Published by: gdgdin on Sep 19, 2010
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Capacitor Voltage Transformers72.5 kV to 765 kV
In high and extra high voltage transmission systems, capaci-tor voltage transformers (CVTs) are used to provide potentialoutputs to metering instruments and protective relays.In addition, when equipped with carrier accessories, CVTscan be used for power line carrier (PLC) coupling.
Customer Benefits
• Operational security• Extensive field experience,including highly seismic regions• Operation as coupling capacitorfor power line transmission• Rugged, leak-proof design:near-zero maintenance• Easy transport and installation
 A Company of AREVA T&D
Decades of experience have resulted in strong and reliable units, able to meet the highest standards.These units are manufactured using the most modern insulation impregnation technology and equip-ment. AREVA T&D CVT’s provide excellent reliability because the major insulation of the CVT, the capacitorstack, comprised of homogeneously assembled capacitor elements, is extremely surge resistant irres-pective of the waveform of the surge voltage.CVT insulation integrity is assured by the fact that a metallic bellows assembly hermetically seals theoil from the atmosphere.
For revenue metering and protection in high voltage networks
PLC application
Performance: - Un: 72.5 to 765 kV- Cn from 1750 to 37500 pF- Thermal capacity up to 1500 VA
Characteristics:- High quality film / paper-oil insulation- Oil expansion by stainless steel bellows- Superior transient response- Porcelain or composite insulator
Seismic withstand capability:The standard OTCF resists medium intensityseismic events. For highly active seismicregions, the design is adapted accordingly.
Compliance with IEC, ANSI / IEEE or equivalent standards.
The external insulation is provided by the porcelain hou-sing and coordinated with the capacitor stack, consis-ting of virtually identical elements so that the axial vol-tage distribution from the line terminal to ground isessentially uniform.The capacitor elements have a mixed dielectric materialconsisting of alternating layers of polypropylene filmand kraft paper. The kraft paper layers serve as awicking agent to ensure homogenous synthetic oilimpregnation.The electromagnetic unit (EMU) is housed in an oil-filledtank at the base of the capacitor stack. Mineral oil isemployed as the insulating medium instead of airbecause of its superior insulating and heat transfer pro-perties. The use of an oil-filled base tank removes theneed for space heaters in the secondary terminal box asthis area is warmed by heat transfer from the insulatingoil. This results in a more reliable and cost effective des-ign.
We use insulating oils with excellent dielectric strength,aging, and gas absorbing properties. The synthetic oilused for the capacitor units possesses superior gasabsorption properties resulting in exceptionally low par-tial discharge with high inception/extinction voltageratings.The oil used for the EMU is premium naphthenic mine-ral oil.The oil is filtered, vacuum dried and degassed with in-house processing. It contains no PCB.
Reliable designfor high life expectancy
1 - Primary terminal  2 - Cast aluminum bellow housing3 - Stainless steel expansion bellow 4 - Compression spring5 - Insulated voltage connection6 - Capacitor elements7 - Insulator (porcelain or composite)8 - Voltage divider tap connection9 - Cast-epoxy bushing10 - HF terminal connection11 - Ferro-resonance suppression device12 - Secondary terminals13 - Oil level sight-glass14 - Aluminum terminal box 15 - Intermediate transforme16 - Oil/air block 17 - Oil sampling device18 - Compensating reactor 19 - Aluminum cover plate
The capacitor stack is a voltage divider which providesa reduced voltage at the intermediate voltage bushingfor a given voltage applied at the primary terminal.The capacitor stack is a multi-capacitor-unit assembly.Each unit is housed in an individual insulator. A cast alu-minum cover is on top of the upper capacitor assemblyand is fitted with an aluminum terminal. An adapter formounting a line trap on top of the CVT can be providedwith an optional (and removable) HV terminal.The capacitor units are mechanically coupled togetherby means of stainless steel hardware passing throughthe corrosion resistant cast aluminum housing. Themechanical connection also establishes the electricalconnection between capacitor units. This facilitates fieldassembly of the CVT.Each capacitor unit is hermetically sealed; a stain-less steel diaphragm (expansion bellow) preservesoil integrity by maintaining the hermetic seal whileallowing for thermal expansion and contraction ofthe oil. The capacitor units operate in a practicallypressure-free mode over a very wide ambient tem-perature range.The capacitor stack consists of a series of capaci-tor elements. The dielectric spacers are a combina-tion of kraft paper and polypropylene film. The ratioof paper/film is carefully determined to provideconstant capacitance for a wide range of operatingtemperature. The aluminum electrodes are preci-sion wound by microprocessor controlled machi-nery. The capacitor elements are connected withlow inductance tinned copper tabs. The stackassemblies are hydraulically compressed andbound with epoxy fiberglass tape to obtain theoptimum space factor for capacitance requirementand oil circulation. After assembly in the insulator, capacitor units areindividually oven dried under vacuum and thenimpregnated with the processed synthetic oil.
Thousandsof installed unitsattest to their reliability

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