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THE GRID

THE GRID

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Published by Agosh Goyal

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Agosh Goyal on Sep 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/13/2010

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THE CITY SHAPED
Urban patterns and meanings through history 
-Spiro Kostof
Submitted by:Niyomi Dalal (0904)
 
This book is divided into 5 main chapters, each having sub-chapters.
The chapter selected here is “
The Grid
”, with subchapters being:
-Introduction to the grid-History of the grid-Grid in the 20
th
century
INTRODUCTION TO THE GRID
The pack
-
donkey‟s way is responsible for the plan of every continental city” , said Le
Corbusier in one of his books on urbanism. Just as a packed donkey meanders along,stops at intervals, zig-zags inorder to avoid larger stones or to gain a little shade, soalso is the organization and layout of a city.
However, man walks in a straight line and peels off from it at right angles when heneeds to, because he has a goal and knows where he is going. On a path wherethere are no obstructions, he would rather arrive by a straight path, than a crookedone.
This simple, rational order of pacing the land with streets at right angles to oneanother; feels the author, is the first step in settlement planning.
 
Geometry is a theory of spaces
 –
an order of lines and angles, and one of the simplest ways of makingorder in terms of city planning is to have horizontal and vertical co ordinates in orthogonal relationship toone another.
The grid is the
most common
of all patterns for planned cities in history.
It is a means for
equal distribution of land
, and its
rectilinear street patterns
help in
easy sellingor buying of real estate
.
It applies to country and town, fields and streets, and most basically, it
divides an undifferentiatedstretch of land into regular measured plots.
2. Axial: organized along a line
3. Branching: organized along sub-axiialong amain axis.4.
Grid: organized as equal units andhence no
 
sense of hierarchy exists.
THE NATURE OF RECTILINEAR PLANNING
The four primary abstract principles of architectural organization maybe classified as below:1.Nuclear: organized around a point

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