Disperse Dyes for Polyester Dyeing Method
1. High temperature high pressure dyeing
Polyester and its cotton blends dyeing:
Pretreatment of PC or PV is a must before starting the dyeing operation.The pretreatment is essential to remove the lubricant oils and other auxilairies used during spinning and weaving or knitting operations. Thefollowing simple treatment is enough to remove those impurities.1.
Lissopal D paste = 2 grams/literSoda Ash = 2 grams/literTreat with the above recipe at 90~95°C for 20 minutes.2. Drain - Hot Wash @ 70°C for 10 minutes - Cold wash - Neutralize with 1cc/liter Acetic Acid.3. Check the pH - 5.5 to 6.
Polyester textiles require a Heat Setting operation before dyeing. Heatsetting eliminates the internal tensions within the fiber generated duringmanufacture and the new state can be fixed by rapid cooling. This heatsetting fixes the fabrics in the relaxed state and thus avoids subsequentshrinkage or creasing of fabric. ReadHeat Setting Process ...
Dyebath Setting & dyeing:
Set up the dyebath with the following auxilaries and chemicals:
Lyogen DFT = 0.5 gpl
Sandozen PES = 1.0 gpl
Acetic Acid = 1 gpl
Check pH to 5.5 to 6.0
- Set the dyebath with the above materials. Raise the temperature to50°C and run for 10 minutes.- Dissolve the dyestuff with soft water at 50°C and filter it.- Add the dyestuff slowly in to the bath. Check the pH to 5.5. to 6.- Raise the temperature to 115°C at 2°C per minute and run 10 minutes.- Raise the temperature further from 115°C t0 135°C at 0.5°C per minute.- Hold for 45 to 60 minutes according to the depth of the shade.- Lower the temperature to 80°C and drain the bath.- Do Hot Wash (70°C) for 10 minutes followed by cold wash.