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P. 1
Practice Test 1

Practice Test 1

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Published by rebekahallen

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Published by: rebekahallen on Sep 19, 2010
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05/16/2013

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Practice Test:1.
 
 Who is most likely interested in the study of human development?a.
 
Dr. Harvey, who studies the brain cells of infants b.
 
Dr. Hatfield, who studies eating disordersc.
 
Dr. Deal, who studies how political attitudes change with aged.
 
Dr. Hersh, who studies elderly patients with Alzheimer
s disease2.
 
The notion that development is best described in terms of a series of abrupt shifts in behavior best fits with the ________ approach.a.
 
Nature b.
 
Nurturec.
 
Continuity d.
 
Discontinuity 3.
 
Dr. Arantes uses a biopsychosocial framework for understanding human development. Whichposition is she most likely to endorse on the nature vs. nurture issue?a.
 
Nature is most important. b.
 
Nurture is most important.c.
 
Nature and nurture both play important roles in human development.d.
 
Neither nature nor nurture is important in the study of human development.4.
 
 When Kayla says
It doesn
t matter if they are French, Swedish, or Chinese, kids are kids,
sheis espousing a(n) ____ position concerning human development.a.
 
Discontinuous b.
 
Universalc.
 
Nurtured.
 
Context-specific5.
 
 Your friend David has decided to start studying human development because he hates studying biology. According to your text, will David find happiness in his new area of interest?a.
 
 Yes, because he can focus on psychological factors and ignore sociocultural and biological factors. b.
 
 Yes, but only if he enjoys studying sociocultural facturs.c.
 
No, because studying biological influences is a necessary component to understandingdevelopment.d.
 
No, because normative age-graded influences are all biological.6.
 
Connie is a second-grade teacher who notices her students behaving differently that the fourth-graders during recess and comes up with several connected ideas to explain why the twogroups behave differently. Connie
s ideas would best be described asa.
 
 An experiment b.
 
 A theory c.
 
 A study d.
 
 A mesosystem
 
7.
 
Pyschodynamic theories place the least emphasis on the ____ portion of the biopsychosocialframework.a.
 
Life-cycle b.
 
Psychologicalc.
 
Socioculturald.
 
Biological8.
 
Lynne always wants to go visit her grandparents because when she visits they give her a new toy. The grandparents have _____ her visiting behavior.a.
 
Reinforced b.
 
Extinguishedc.
 
Punishedd.
 
eliminated9.
 
Mr. Link tries to help his students learn how to be assertive by having them watch how otherstudents can be successful by acting assertively. Mr. Link is using principles of ___ to help hisstudents.a.
 
Social learning theory  b.
 
Operant conditioningc.
 
Cognitive-developmental theory d.
 
Psychosocial theory 10.
 
 What type of theorist would most likely describe human cognitive development using theanalogy of 
mental software
?a.
 
 An information processor b.
 
 An Eriksonianc.
 
 An operant conditioning theoristd.
 
 A social learning theorist11.
 
Dr. Simpson
s students were rightfully upset when he used very accurate weight scales(assessing the poundage of each pupil) to determine their grades in a developmentalpsychology class because his method of assessment lackeda.
 
Sufficient sample size b.
 
Reliability c.
 
 Validity d.
 
The ability to identify practice effects.12.
 
Based on a study that finds that self-esteem is negatively correlated with college grades, whichperson would you predict would have the highest grades?a.
 
Michael, who has very high self-esteem b.
 
Davey, who has average self-esteemc.
 
Peter, who has very low self-esteemd.
 
It
s impossible to predict because a negative correlation means these two variables areunrelated13.
 
Zsuzsi is conducting a study to determine whether skateboarding causes a reduction inintelligence. In this experiment, skateboarding is the
 
a.
 
Control group. b.
 
Independent variable.c.
 
Dependent variable.d.
 
Cohort effect.14.
 
The first ___ pairs of chromosomes are called autosomes.a.
 
2 b.
 
10c.
 
22d.
 
4615.
 
 Which is an example of your genotype?a.
 
 Your complete set of genes b.
 
 Your physical appearancec.
 
 Your behaviorsd.
 
 Your personality 16.
 
If tallness is dominant and designated as
T
and shortness is recessive and designated as
s
, who would likely be short?a.
 
Bing, who is
sT
  b.
 
Crosby, who is
Ts
 c.
 
Danny, who is
ss
 d.
 
Kay, who is
TT
 17.
 
Tri-somy 21
(three 21
st
chromosomes) best describesa.
 
Huntington
s disease b.
 
Down syndromec.
 
PKUd.
 
Sickle-cell trait18.
 
 A developing human being that is traveling from a fallopian tube to the uterus would mostaccurately be described as a(n)a.
 
Embryo b.
 
Fetusc.
 
Zygoted.
 
 Amnion19.
 
Damage to cells in the embryo
s ___ layer would be most likely to result in the development of a defective digestive system.a.
 
Endoderm b.
 
Placentac.
 
Ectodermd.
 
Mesoderm20.
 
 Which is
not 
an Apgar factor?a.
 
Size b.
 
Color

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