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Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations (2002-2009)

Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations (2002-2009)

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Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations (2002-2009)
United States - Congressional Research Service document. R41403. Dated: 10 Sept, 2010.
Richard F. Grimmett
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations (2002-2009)
United States - Congressional Research Service document. R41403. Dated: 10 Sept, 2010.
Richard F. Grimmett

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CRS Report for Congress
Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress
Conventional Arms Transfers to DevelopingNations, 2002-2009
Richard F. Grimmett
Specialist in International SecuritySeptember 10, 2010
Congressional Research Service
7-5700www.crs.govR41403
 
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2002-2009Congressional Research Service
Summary
This report is prepared annually to provide Congress with official, unclassified, quantitative dataon conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countriesfor the preceding eight calendar years for use in its policy oversight functions. All agreement anddelivery data in this report for the United States are government-to-government Foreign MilitarySales (FMS) transactions. Similar data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers byall suppliers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers tonations in the developing world.Developing nations continue to be the primary focus of foreign arms sales activity by weaponssuppliers. During the years 2002-2009, the value of arms transfer agreements with developingnations comprised 68.3% of all such agreements worldwide. More recently, arms transferagreements with developing nations constituted 72.8% of all such agreements globally from2006-2009, and 78.4% of these agreements in 2009.The value of all arms transfer
agreements
with developing nations in 2009 was nearly $45.1billion. This was a decline from $48.8 billion in 2008. In 2009, the value of all arms
deliveries
todeveloping nations was nearly $17 billion, the lowest total in these deliveries values for the entire2002-2009 period (in
constant 
2009 dollars).Recently, from 2006-2009, the United States and Russia have dominated the arms market in the
developing world 
, with both nations either ranking first or second for all of these four years in thevalue of arms transfer
agreements
. From 2006-2009, the United States made $68.7 billion in suchagreements, 38.6% all these agreements expressed in
constant 
2009 dollars. Russia made $42.4billion, 23.8% of these agreements. During this same period, collectively, the United States andRussia made 62.4% of all arms transfer agreements with developing nations, ($111.6 billion (in
constant 
2009 dollars) during this four-year period.In 2009, the United States ranked first in arms transfer
agreements
with
developing nations
withnearly $17.4 billion or 38.5% of these agreements, a decline in market share from 2008, when theUnited States held a 60.4% market share. In second place was Russia with $10.4 billion or 23.1%of such agreements. France ranked third with $7.1 billion or 15.8%.In 2009, the United States ranked first in the value of arms
deliveries
to
developing
nations at$7.4 billion, or 43.6% of all such deliveries. Russia ranked second in these deliveries at $3.5billion or 20.6%.In
worldwide
arms transfer
agreements
in 2009, the United States dominated, ranking first with$22.6 billion in such agreements or 39.3% of all such agreements. Ranking second in
worldwide
 arms transfer
agreements
in 2009 was Russia with $10.4 billion in such
global
agreements or18.1%.In 2009, Brazil ranked first in the value of arms transfer
agreements
among all
developing
nationsweapons
 purchasers
, concluding $7.2 billion in such agreements. Venezuela ranked second with$6.4 billion in such agreements. Saudi Arabia ranked third with $4.3 billion.
 
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2002-2009Congressional Research Service
Contents
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2002-2009................................................1
 
Introduction and Overview....................................................................................................1
 
Major Findings...........................................................................................................................3
 
General Trends in Arms Transfers Worldwide........................................................................3
 
General Trends in Arms Transfers to Developing Nations......................................................5
 
United States...................................................................................................................7
 
Russia.............................................................................................................................8
 
China..............................................................................................................................9
 
Major West European Suppliers....................................................................................10
 
Regional Arms Transfer Agreements...................................................................................12
 
Near East......................................................................................................................13
 
Asia....................................................................................................................................13
 
Leading Developing Nations Arms Purchasers....................................................................14
 
Weapons Types Recently Delivered to Near East Nations....................................................15
 
Arms Values Data Tables and Charts for 2002-2009..................................................................18
 
Selected Weapons Deliveries to Developing Nations, 2002-2009...............................................62
 
Worldwide Arms Transfer Agreements and Deliveries Values, 2002-2009.................................68
 
Description of Items Counted in Weapons Categories, 2002-2009............................................81
 
Regions Identified in Arms Transfer Tables and Charts..............................................................82
 
Figures
Figure 1. Arms Transfer Agreements Worldwide, 2002-2009 Developed and DevelopingWorlds Compared..................................................................................................................22
 
Figure 2. Arms Transfer Agreements Worldwide.......................................................................23
 
Figure 3. Arms Transfer Agreements With Developing Nations.................................................24
 
Figure 4. Arms Transfer Agreements With Developing Nations by Major Supplier, 2002-2009......................................................................................................................................25
 
Figure 5. Arms Transfer Agreements With Near East.................................................................28
 
Figure 6. Arms Transfer Agreements With Developing Nations in Asia......................................29
 
Figure 7. Arms Deliveries Worldwide 2002-2009 Developed and Developing WorldsCompared..............................................................................................................................30
 
Figure 8. Arms Deliveries to Developing Countries by Major Supplier, 2002-2009....................31
 
Tables
Table 1. Worldwide Arms Transfer Agreements, 2002-2009 and Suppliers’ Share withDeveloping World..................................................................................................................26
 
Table 2. Worldwide Arms Deliveries, 2002-2009 and Suppliers’ Share with DevelopingWorld.....................................................................................................................................32
 

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