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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Compost-Making Toilets
2.1 Arborloo - The simplest single pit compost toilet
Figure 2-1: The simplest single pit compost toilet – the Arborloo
2.2 Fossa alterna - The double alternating pit compost toilet
3. Arborloo - The Single Pit Compost Toilet
3.1 How to build the single pit compost toilet
3.2 How to make ring beams
3.3 Building the toilet house (superstructure)
3.4 Making an Arborloo fitted with a pedestal
3.5 Types of superstructure
3.6 How to use the single pit compost toilet
3.7 Planting trees in a filled organic pit
3.8 Growing vegetables on Arborloo pits
3.9 Making compost in small single shallow pits
4. Fossa alterna - The Double Pit Compost Toilet
4.1 Managing the double pit compost toilet
4.2 Examples of double pit composting toilets
4.3 Building the double pit compost toilet
4.4 Superstructures with rectangular slabs
5. Low Cost Pedestals for Simple Pit Toilets
5.1 Very low cost pedestal
5.2 Low cost pedestal with concrete seat
5.3 Low cost pedestal with plastic seat
6. Urine-Diverting Toilets
6.1 How to build a single vault urine-diverting toilet
6.2 Making the vault, step and lintel
6.3 The urine-diverting pedestal
6.5 Making a simple urine-diverting platform
6.6 Urine-diverting toilet installation details
6.7 Urine-diverting superstructures
6.8 Use and management of the urine-diverting toilet
6.9 Processing the faeces
6.11 Routine maintenance of the urine-diverting toilet
7.1 Upgrading using a round slab and ring beam
7.2 Upgrading using a rectangular slab
8. Odour and Fly Control
8.1 Odour control
8.2 Fly control
9. A Matter of Hygiene and Hand Washing
9.1 Simple hand washing devices
10. How to Use Toilet Compost in the Garden
10.1 Testing crops in toilet pit compost
10.2 Testing compost from a urine-diverting toilet
10.3 Growing trees in toilet compost
11. How to Use Urine in the Garden
11.1 Crop trials using urine as a fertiliser
11.1.2 Spinach
11.1.3 Mint and passion fruit
11.3 Effect of urine treatment on trees
12. Summary
13. Conclusions
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Published by Catarina Moreira

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Published by: Catarina Moreira on Sep 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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