Sara Regina Fonseca
whole discussion. In the section 3.2, I will dial with the issues of History andhistories, referring to the contributions made by the work of the Subaltern Group.In section 3.3, I will discuss the postmodern dynamics of commodification in thelight of postcolonialism. This discussion will be extended to the aspects of Art, theSpiritual and the Exotic in the section 3.4. The section 3.5 deals with the issue of identity and the connected notions of origins and meaning, all of which arecrucial and controversial notions in both, postcolonialism and postmodernism.Finally, the section 3.6 uses an article about the Mabo case in order to show howpostmodernism can be both, supportive or contradictory to the postcolonialagenda, depending on which aspects of it we look at. This section leads to thefinal conclusion of the essay, where I suggest that the relationship between thepostmodern practices and the anti-colonial project of postcolonialism is double-sided.
2.BRIEF THEORETICAL FRAME
Like most of academic notions, postmodernism and postcolonialism arecontroversial and complex terms, which are understood in slightly different waysby different authors. I will try, however, to define both terms in the ways whichseem to be convenient as a starting point for our discussion.
The term ‘postcolonialism’ or ‘post-colonialism’ –with hyphen-, has been referredto as a historical period which starts with the political independization of European ex-colonies, or as the cultural production of people from these ex-colonies, or as theoretical and activist attempts to fight imperialism in all itsforms: physical colonization of territories, ideological hegemony, economicaldomination, global capitalism, Western representations and discourses about thecolonized or the ex-colonized and so forth. The implications of the differentunderstandings of postcolonialism –or post-colonialism- have created muchcontroversies and fruitful discussions. However, all the different understandingsof postcolonialism imply the recognition of a non-Western world, most often3