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Hepatitis B in Hong Kong

Hepatitis B in Hong Kong

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Published by galina sokolova
Hepatitis B in Hong Kong
Hepatitis B in Hong Kong

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Published by: galina sokolova on Sep 21, 2010
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05/17/2012

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Recommendations on Hepatitis BVaccination Regimens in HongKong
-
 
consensus of the Scientific Working Group on ViralHepatitis Prevention
Scientific Working Group on Viral Hepatitis Prevention Department of Health First edition: Sep 1998 Revised: Jan 2001 (Addendum : March 2004) 
 
Members of the Scientific Working Group on Viral Hepatitis Prevention(Term of 2003-2006)
Dr LEE Shui-shan (Chairman)Consultant (SPP), DHDr HO Yuk-yin, PhilipConsultant (Community Medicine), Food & EnvironmentalHygiene DepartmentProf LAI Ching-lungDepartment of Medicine, The University of Hong KongDr LAI Sik-toConsultant Physician, Infections Disease Division, PrincessMargaret HospitalProf LEUNG Nai-kong,
 BBS, JP 
Honorary Consultant Paediatrician, Princess MargaretHospitalDr LEUNG Sze-leePrincipal Medical Officer, Family Health Service, DHDr LEUNG Wai-yee, NancyHepatologist, Department of Medicine, Chinese Universityof Hong KongDr LIM Wei-ling,
 JP 
Consultant Medical Microbiologist, DHDr LIN Che-kitHospital Chief Executive, Hong Kong Red Cross BloodTransfusion ServiceDr LO Hong-yuenConsultant Physcian, Queen Elizabeth HospitalMr TAM Ping-chiu, ThomasSenior Pharmacist, DHProf TAM Siu-lunDepartment of Microbiology, Chinese University of HongKongDr TSE Kai-taiConsultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,Queen Elizabeth HospitalDr TSANG Ho-fai, ThomasConsultant (Community Medicine), Disease Prevention &Control Division, DHDr YOUNG Wan-yin, BettyConsultant Paediatrician, Pamela Youde Nethersole EasternHospitalDr WONG Ka-hing (Secretary)SMO(SPP), DHMr WONG Man-kong (Secretary)SEO(SPP), DH
The Scientific Working Group on Viral Hepatitis Prevention advises the Director of Health on all issues relating to viral hepatitis preventionCorrespondence to :
SecretariatScientific Working Group on Viral Hepatitis Prevention5/F, Yaumatei Jockey Club Clinic,145 Battery StreetYaumatei, KowloonHONG KONGTel. No. : (852) 2304 6100Fax No. : (852) 2337 0897Website : http://www.hepatitis.gov.hk 
 
 Jan 2001
Page 1
Recommendations on Hepatitis B Vaccination Regimens inHong Kong
Consensus of the Scientific Working Group on Viral Hepatitis Prevention
Hepatitis B Virus Infection
1.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a DNA-containing 42nm hepadnavirus. Whileacute infection is frequently asymptomatic, a carrier state may developwhich is associated with chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellularcarcinoma. The risk of carriage varies with the age of infection. It occurs in90-95% of infants affected by perinatal transmission, 30% of children aged1 to 5 years, and 5-10% in older children, adolescents and adults. Routes of transmission, in terms of relative importance in Hong Kong, include:perinatal infection, horizontal transmission, parenteral and sexual contact.
2.
Globally, there are 350 million hepatitis B carriers
1
. China and Southeast Asiaare among the high-prevalence areas with more than half the populationbeing infected some time in their lives, and more than 8% being carriers.
The Working Group has achieved consensus on the regimens of hepatitis B vaccination and their applications in various settings.This paper updates the previous recommendations with respect to mercury content in vaccine, newborn vaccination, two-dose vaccination schedule and management of interrupted vaccinations,as of Jan 2001 

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