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The Tabernacle

The Tabernacle

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Published by Sidney Achia
An introduction to the Jewish Tabernacle (or Sanctuary). This describes its components and facilities, and the symbolism behind it -- all in the plan of the redemption of mankind.
An introduction to the Jewish Tabernacle (or Sanctuary). This describes its components and facilities, and the symbolism behind it -- all in the plan of the redemption of mankind.

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Published by: Sidney Achia on Sep 21, 2010
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07/24/2011

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 An Introduction to the Understanding of God’s Way of Salvation
Thy way, O God,Thy way, O God,Thy way, O God,Thy way, O God,
is is is is 
in the sanctuary (Psalms 77:13)in the sanctuary (Psalms 77:13)in the sanctuary (Psalms 77:13)in the sanctuary (Psalms 77:13)
By
Amos Momanyi
;
 
& compiled by
Sidney P. Achia
(sidneyachia@yahoo.com)
“And let them“And let them“And let them“And let themmake memake memake memake mea sanctuary;a sanctuary;a sanctuary;a sanctuary; that I may that I may that I may that I maydwell among them.”dwell among them.”dwell among them.”dwell among them.”
Ex. 25:8Ex. 25:8Ex. 25:8Ex. 25:8
 
The tabernacle as pitched in thewilderness was a beautifulstructure. It was a court enclosedwith linen curtains (Ex.26:15-30;Rev.4:2-4; 5:11). The EarthlySanctuary was a shadow of theHeavenly Sanctuary (Heb.8:1-5;9:1-3; Rev.11:9).
History of the Sanctuary
The history of the typical service of which the Earthly Tabernacle was a visible representation beganat the gate of Eden, where our first parents brought their offerings and presented them before theLord.Before the people of God went into Egypt, their worship was simple. The patriarchs lived near theLord, and did not need many forms or ceremonies to teach them the one grand truth that sin couldonly be atoned for by the death of one who was sinless. They needed only a rough altar and aninnocent lamb to connect their faith with the Infinite Sin-bearer.The Sanctuary was complete while the children of Israel were encamped at Sinai and during their forty years of wandering in the wilderness where they carried it with them. When they reached thePromised Land, it was set up in Gilgal for a few years (Josh.5:11, 12), then at Shiloh (Josh.18:1;19:51; 1 Sam.21:1-6; 1 Chron.16:39; 21:29).God’s presence abode with the people in the dwelling places they prepared for Him: from the time theTabernacle was erected in the wilderness all the way down through the history of their spiritualwandering, until that memorable day when the
Types
celebrated for four thousand (4,000) years mettheir 
Anti-Type
on the Cross of Calvary. Then, with a great noise the glorious veil of Herod’smagnificent building was rent from the top to the bottom as the Lord departed forever from Histemple (Matt.27:50,51).Previous to this, the services were directed of God: henceforth they were but hollow mockery, for God had left the Sanctuary (Matt.23:37, 38).The temple remained standing until 70A.D. when it was destroyed by the Romans.
 
The Tabernacle
 
 
 
“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8
 
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Furniture of the Sanctuary
The Ark 
The
Ark 
was the central figure of the entire Sanctuary. The broken
Law
– as contained in the Ark – was the only reason for all thesacrificial services (both typical and anti-typical). Ex.25:10; 31:18The cover of the Ark was called the
Mercy Seat
and was of pure gold on either end of the Mercy Seatwere
Cherubim
of beaten gold, with their wings stretched forth, covering the Ark and their faces,looking reverently toward the
Law of God
contained therein.“The wages of sin
is
death; (Rom 6:23) and the broken Lawdemands the death of every sinner. In the Typical service,the blood was sprinkled above the Law (Lev.16:15) to showfaith in the blood of Christ, which would free the righteousfrom the demands or curse of the Law (Gal.3:13).God communed with His people from the cloud of glory(
shekinah
) which rested above the Mercy Seat between the
Cherubim
. Ex.25:21-22There was nothing in the Ark save the two (2) tablets of stone (1Kings 8:9) is the divine record. The
Pot of Manna
was laid up “before the Lord” (Ex.16:33-34) and
Aaron’s Staff 
that had budded waslaid up before the
Testimony
(Num.17:10).The Ark was seen in the
Heavenly Sanctuary
(Ex.34:5-7). The Ark was placed in the
Most HolyPlace
(Ex.26:33).
The Golden Candlestick 
The Golden Candlestick 
with its seven golden lamps was on the
South Side
of the First Apartmentof the Sanctuary.“The seven candlesticks which thou sawest are theseven churches” (Rev 1:20).Before the throne of God in Heaven Apostle Johnsaw the Seven Spirits of God (Rev.4:2-5). TheChurch of Christ is the Candlestick to hold the lightin the midst of moral darkness.The lamps in the earthly sanctuary were to burn continually (Lev.24:2). So, too,the Christian is ever to let the Spirit of God rule in his life, and thus shed its lightabroad.The lamps in the earthly sanctuary were to burn continually (Lev.24:2). So, too, the Christian is ever to let the Spirit of God rule in his life, and thus shed its light abroad.
 
 
“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” Ex. 25:8
 
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 None but the
High Priest
could perform the sacred work of lighting the lamps in the earthlysanctuary. He trimmed and lighted them each morning and evening (Ex.30:7, 8). John saw Christ, our High Priest in the midst of the candlesticks in Heaven (Rev.1:12-18).The Holy Spirit lightens ever soul that comes into the world, whether he accepts or rejects it (Jn.1:9).
The Table of Shewbread
This table was made of 
Acacia wood
overlaid withgold. It was placed n the
North Side
of the FirstApartment.On the Sabbath day the Levites made twelve (12)loaves or cakes of 
unleavened bread
(1Chron.9:32;Lev.24:5).The bread was placed on the table hot each Sabbathday (Lev.24:8; 1Sam.21:3-6; Matt.12:3-4), arranged in two rows (or piles) of six, with purefrankincense on each row (Lev.24:6,7).At the end of the week it was removed andeaten by the priests (Lev.24:9).The Lord directed that the Levites should prepare the showbread every Sabbath(1Chron.9:23).The priests were not only to set the hot breadupon the table on the Sabbath day, but later that same day, the removed bread was to beeaten and became a part of their very being.God designed that on each Sabbath day His people should gain a fresh experience in thedivine things which would make them better fitted to meet the temptations of the week. The soul thatnever gains a deeper experience on the Sabbath than on any other day fails to keep the Sabbath as Godwould have him (Ezek.20:12).
 Altar of Incense and Its Service
The
Golden Altar
or 
Altar of Incense
was before the veil in the First Apartment of thesanctuary. Within the crown of gold encirclingthe top of the altar was a holy fire keptconstantly burning (Ex.30:8) from whichascended the fragrant smoke of incense placedupon it every morning and evening.“We know not what we should pray for as weought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercessionfor us with groanings which cannot be uttered.And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what
is
the mind of the Spirit, because he makethintercession for the saints according to
the will of 
God.” (Rom 8:26,27).

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