are any form of matter or energyobtained from the physical environment that meet human needs. Thisdefinition of natural resources is not as simple as it appears. Mostresources are created by human ingenuity. Oil was once a uselessfluid until humans learned how to locate it, extract it from the ground,and separate it by distillation into various components such asgasoline, home heating oil, and road tar.Similarly, coal and uraniumwere once useless rocks.Something may becomeuseful or useless for humanneeds as a result of changesin the technology of resourceextraction and processing
Whether something is classified as a resource depends on technology,economics, cultural beliefs, and the environmental effects of finding andusing it.