Deaths: Final Data for 2002
by Kenneth D. Kochanek, M.A., Sherry L. Murphy, B.S.,Robert N. Anderson, Ph.D., and Chester Scott, Division of Vital Statistics
Objectives—This report presents final 2002 data on U.S. deaths and death rates according to demographic and medical characteris- tics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, marital status, educa- tional attainment, injury at work, State of residence, and cause of death. Trends and patterns in general mortality, life expectancy, and infant and maternal mortality are also described. A previous report presented preliminary mortality data for 2002.
—In 2002 a total of 2,443,387 deaths were reported in the United States. This report presents descriptive tabulations of infor- mation reported on the death certificates. Funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners complete death certifi- cates. Original records are filed in the State registration offices. Sta- tisticalinformationiscompiledintoanationaldatabasethroughtheVitalStatistics Cooperative Program of the National Center for Health Sta- tistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Causes of death are processed in accordance with the
International Classifi- cation of Diseases Tenth Revision
—The age-adjusted death rate for the United States in 2002 was 845.3 deaths per 100,000 standard population, representing adecreaseof1.1 percentfromthe2001rateandarecord-lowhistoricalfigure. Life expectancy at birth rose by 0.1-year to a record high of 77.3 years. Considering all deaths, age-specific death rates rose only for those under 1 year, and declined for a number of age groups including those 1–4 years, 25–34 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, 75–84 years,and 85 years and over. The 15 leading causes of death in 2002 remained the same as in 2001. Heart disease and cancer continued to be the leading and second leading causes of death, together accounting for over half of all deaths. The infant mortality rate in 2002 increased to 7.0 compared with a rate of 6.8 in 2001.
—Generally, mortality patterns in 2002 were consis- tent with long-term trends. Life expectancy in 2002 increased again to a new record level. The age-adjusted death rate declined to a record low historical figure. However, the infant mortality rate increased in 2002. The infant mortality rate has either decreased or remained leveleach successive year through 2001 since 1958.Trends for homicide and injury at work were interrupted due to the terrorist deaths that occurred September 11, 2001. The homicide rate decreased significantly from 2001 to 2002 and dropped to the 14th leading cause of death. Deaths due to injury at work also declined significantly during this period.
cause of death
Mortality experience in 2002
In 2002 a total of 2,443,387 deaths occurred in the United States.
The age-adjusted death rate, which eliminates the effects of the aging of the population, was 845.3 deaths per 100,000 U.S.standard population.
This report was prepared under the general direction of Charles J. Rothwell,Director of the Division of Vital Statistics (DVS), James A. Weed, Deputy Director of DVS, and Robert N. Anderson, Chief, Mortality Statistics Branch (MSB). Nicholas F. Pace, Chief of the Systems, Programming and StatisticalResources Branch (SPSRB), and Gail A. Parr, Steven J. Steimel, Jordan A.Sacks, Manju Sharma, Jaleh Mousavi, Candace Cosgrove and John Birken provided computer programming support. Elizabeth Arias of MSB provided content related to life expectancy. Robert N. Anderson and Sherry L. Murphy of MSB, David W. Justice of the Data Acquisition and Evaluation Branch, and Van L. Parsons of the Office of Research and Methodology contributed to the ‘‘Technical Notes.’’ Thomas D. Dunn of SPSRB provided statistical tables and content review. JoAnn Wiley and Betty L. Smith of MSB provided content and table review. The Registration Methods staff and staff of the Data Acquisition and Evaluation Branch of DVS provided consultation to State vital statistics offices regarding collection of the death certificate data on which this report is based. This report was edited by Thelma Sanders, typeset by Jacqueline M.Davis, and the graphics produced by Jarmila G. Ogburn of the Information Design and Publishing Staff, Office of Information Services.
Volume 53, Number 5 October 12, 2004