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Shade Sorting

Shade Sorting

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Published by syed asim najam

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Published by: syed asim najam on Sep 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Color is the most important aspect of any garment. It would notbe an exaggeration to say that to many consumers color is qualityand the decision whether or not to buy a garment rests on itscolor.Also, in fabric form the marketability of any fabricdepends on its color, which again depends on dyeing and itspreparatory processes. Therefore, good color and excellentcolor/shade matching, for suits or coordinates, and even betweenpanels within a garment, are extremely important forprofitability.The shade of a color may vary from lot to lot or from bolt(a rollof fabric) to bolt. Such variation may be due to one or more ofthe following factors:
1.Variation in maturity of cotton fibers.
Changes in merges of synthetic fibers.3.Variation in sizing formula.4.Inconsistent bleaching.5.Varying absorbency of the fabric due to a variation in the process variables in mercerization.6.Variation in the pressure, temperature, and/or chemical concentrations of dyes in the dyeing process.
These are just few factors that affect shade uniformity.
Sorting methods are appropriate for use when the normalcolor variation within a process is greater than a visible amount ofdifference and this difference is unacceptable to a customer.The dyeing of textile is a good example. Variation in temperature,humidity, dye strength, and the dye uptake characteristics ofcloth can result in color variation that is visible and unacceptablebetween cloth pieces used in a cut and sew shirt product.
Shade numbering, sorting, and tapering are used in manyindustries, but particularly the textile industry.
Shade Numbering:
The shade numbering feature performs calculations on the sampledata and assigns each sample a shade number based on how closeits color is to the standard.
TheShade Sorting:
The Shade sorting is the process of assigning samples of thesame nominal color into groups having no significant colorvariation. Use of modern spectrophotometers and colormeasurement technology make it possible to obtain precise colordifferences between samples. shade sorting feature calculates ashade number for each sample based on how close its color is tothe standard, but ALSO has the ability to sort all samples intoshade groups and provide data on which samples belong to eachshade number. A shade coding to each sample read based on howclose it is to the product standard
One of popular shade sorting system is the Simonmethod, known as the
555 system 
. In this system each color isgiven a three digit numeric shade sort code. Using the CIEL*C*h* color space as an example, the first digit shows lightnessof the color as compared to the standard color. If the color islighter than the standard this digit will be above 5, and below 5 ifit is darker. If the color is more saturate than the standard colorthe second digit will be above 5 and below 5 if it is duller thanthe standard. Similarly, the third digit in the shade sort codeindicates the hue variation from the standard

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