Color is the most important aspect of any garment. It would notbe an exaggeration to say that to many consumers color is qualityand the decision whether or not to buy a garment rests on itscolor.Also, in fabric form the marketability of any fabricdepends on its color, which again depends on dyeing and itspreparatory processes. Therefore, good color and excellentcolor/shade matching, for suits or coordinates, and even betweenpanels within a garment, are extremely important forprofitability.The shade of a color may vary from lot to lot or from bolt(a rollof fabric) to bolt. Such variation may be due to one or more ofthe following factors:
1.Variation in maturity of cotton fibers.
Changes in merges of synthetic fibers.3.Variation in sizing formula.4.Inconsistent bleaching.5.Varying absorbency of the fabric due to a variation in the process variables in mercerization.6.Variation in the pressure, temperature, and/or chemical concentrations of dyes in the dyeing process.
These are just few factors that affect shade uniformity.
Sorting methods are appropriate for use when the normalcolor variation within a process is greater than a visible amount ofdifference and this difference is unacceptable to a customer.The dyeing of textile is a good example. Variation in temperature,humidity, dye strength, and the dye uptake characteristics ofcloth can result in color variation that is visible and unacceptablebetween cloth pieces used in a cut and sew shirt product.